Documentation Authors: Adam Dudczak, Mathias Düsterhöft, Marcin Grzejszczak, Dennis Kieselhorst, Jakub Kubryński, Karol Lassak, Olga Maciaszek-Sharma, Mariusz Smykuła, Dave Syer

1.1.1.BUILD-SNAPSHOT

Spring Cloud Contract

What you always need is confidence in pushing new features into a new application or service in a distributed system. This project provides support for Consumer Driven Contracts and service schemas in Spring applications, covering a range of options for writing tests, publishing them as assets, asserting that a contract is kept by producers and consumers, for HTTP and message-based interactions.

Spring Cloud Contract WireMock

Modules giving you the possibility to use WireMock with different servers by using the "ambient" server embedded in a Spring Boot application. Check out the samples for more details.

Important
The Spring Cloud Release Train BOM imports spring-cloud-contract-dependencies which in turn has exclusions for the dependencies needed by WireMock. This might lead to a situation that even if you’re not using Spring Cloud Contract then your dependencies will be influenced anyways.

If you have a Spring Boot application that uses Tomcat as an embedded server, for example (the default with spring-boot-starter-web), then you can simply add spring-cloud-contract-wiremock to your classpath and add @AutoConfigureWireMock in order to be able to use Wiremock in your tests. Wiremock runs as a stub server and you can register stub behaviour using a Java API or via static JSON declarations as part of your test. Here’s a simple example:

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest(webEnvironment = WebEnvironment.RANDOM_PORT)
@AutoConfigureWireMock(port = 0)
public class WiremockForDocsTests {
	// A service that calls out over HTTP
	@Autowired private Service service;

	// Using the WireMock APIs in the normal way:
	@Test
	public void contextLoads() throws Exception {
		// Stubbing WireMock
		stubFor(get(urlEqualTo("/resource"))
				.willReturn(aResponse().withHeader("Content-Type", "text/plain").withBody("Hello World!")));
		// We're asserting if WireMock responded properly
		assertThat(this.service.go()).isEqualTo("Hello World!");
	}

}

To start the stub server on a different port use @AutoConfigureWireMock(port=9999) (for example), and for a random port use the value 0. The stub server port will be bindable in the test application context as "wiremock.server.port". Using @AutoConfigureWireMock adds a bean of type WiremockConfiguration to your test application context, where it will be cached in between methods and classes having the same context, just like for normal Spring integration tests.

Registering Stubs Automatically

If you use @AutoConfigureWireMock then it will register WireMock JSON stubs from the file system or classpath, by default from file:src/test/resources/mappings. You can customize the locations using the stubs attribute in the annotation, which can be a resource pattern (ant-style) or a directory, in which case */.json is appended. Example:

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
@AutoConfigureWireMock(stubs="classpath:/stubs")
public class WiremockImportApplicationTests {

	@Autowired
	private Service service;

	@Test
	public void contextLoads() throws Exception {
		assertThat(this.service.go()).isEqualTo("Hello World!");
	}

}
Note
Actually WireMock always loads mappings from src/test/resources/mappings as well as the custom locations in the stubs attribute. To change this behaviour you have to also specify a files root as described next.

Using Files to Specify the Stub Bodies

WireMock can read response bodies from files on the classpath or file system. In that case you will see in the JSON DSL that the response has a "bodyFileName" instead of a (literal) "body". The files are resolved relative to a root directory src/test/resources/__files by default. To customize this location you can set the files attribute in the @AutoConfigureWireMock annotation to the location of the parent directory (i.e. the place __files is a subdirectory). You can use Spring resource notation to refer to file:…​ or classpath:…​ locations (but generic URLs are not supported). A list of values can be given and WireMock will resolve the first file that exists when it needs to find a response body.

Note
when you configure the files root, then it affects the automatic loading of stubs as well (they come from the root location in a subdirectory called "mappings"). The value of files has no effect on the stubs loaded explicitly from the stubs attribute.

Alternative: Using JUnit Rules

For a more conventional WireMock experience, using JUnit @Rules to start and stop the server, just use the WireMockSpring convenience class to obtain an Options instance:

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest(webEnvironment = WebEnvironment.RANDOM_PORT)
public class WiremockForDocsClassRuleTests {

	// Start WireMock on some dynamic port
	// for some reason `dynamicPort()` is not working properly
	@ClassRule
	public static WireMockClassRule wiremock = new WireMockClassRule(
			WireMockSpring.options().dynamicPort());
	// A service that calls out over HTTP to localhost:${wiremock.port}
	@Autowired
	private Service service;

	// Using the WireMock APIs in the normal way:
	@Test
	public void contextLoads() throws Exception {
		// Stubbing WireMock
		wiremock.stubFor(get(urlEqualTo("/resource"))
				.willReturn(aResponse().withHeader("Content-Type", "text/plain").withBody("Hello World!")));
		// We're asserting if WireMock responded properly
		assertThat(this.service.go()).isEqualTo("Hello World!");
	}

}

The use @ClassRule means that the server will shut down after all the methods in this class.

WireMock and Spring MVC Mocks

Spring Cloud Contract provides a convenience class that can load JSON WireMock stubs into a Spring MockRestServiceServer. Here’s an example:

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest(webEnvironment = WebEnvironment.NONE)
public class WiremockForDocsMockServerApplicationTests {

	@Autowired
	private RestTemplate restTemplate;

	@Autowired
	private Service service;

	@Test
	public void contextLoads() throws Exception {
		// will read stubs classpath
		MockRestServiceServer server = WireMockRestServiceServer.with(this.restTemplate)
				.baseUrl("http://example.org").stubs("classpath:/stubs/resource.json")
				.build();
		// We're asserting if WireMock responded properly
		assertThat(this.service.go()).isEqualTo("Hello World");
		server.verify();
	}
}

The baseUrl is prepended to all mock calls, and the stubs() method takes a stub path resource pattern as an argument. So in this example the stub defined at /stubs/resource.json is loaded into the mock server, so if the RestTemplate is asked to visit http://example.org/ it will get the responses as declared there. More than one stub pattern can be specified, and each one can be a directory (for a recursive list of all ".json"), or a fixed filename (like in the example above) or an ant-style pattern. The JSON format is the normal WireMock format which you can read about in the WireMock website.

Currently we support Tomcat, Jetty and Undertow as Spring Boot embedded servers, and Wiremock itself has "native" support for a particular version of Jetty (currently 9.2). To use the native Jetty you need to add the native wiremock dependencies and exclude the Spring Boot container if there is one.

Generating Stubs using RestDocs

Spring RestDocs can be used to generate documentation (e.g. in asciidoctor format) for an HTTP API with Spring MockMvc or RestEasy. At the same time as you generate documentation for your API, you can also generate WireMock stubs, by using Spring Cloud Contract WireMock. Just write your normal RestDocs test cases and use @AutoConfigureRestDocs to have stubs automatically in the restdocs output directory. For example:

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
@AutoConfigureRestDocs(outputDir = "target/snippets")
@AutoConfigureMockMvc
public class ApplicationTests {

	@Autowired
	private MockMvc mockMvc;

	@Test
	public void contextLoads() throws Exception {
		mockMvc.perform(get("/resource"))
				.andExpect(content().string("Hello World"))
				.andDo(document("resource"));
	}
}

From this test will be generated a WireMock stub at "target/snippets/stubs/resource.json". It matches all GET requests to the "/resource" path.

Without any additional configuration this will create a stub with a request matcher for the HTTP method and all headers except "host" and "content-length". To match the request more precisely, for example to match the body of a POST or PUT, we need to explicitly create a request matcher. This will do two things: 1) create a stub that only matches the way you specify, 2) assert that the request in the test case also matches the same conditions.

The main entry point for this is WireMockRestDocs.verify() which can be used as a substitute for the document() convenience method. For example:

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
@AutoConfigureRestDocs(outputDir = "target/snippets")
@AutoConfigureMockMvc
public class ApplicationTests {

	@Autowired
	private MockMvc mockMvc;

	@Test
	public void contextLoads() throws Exception {
		mockMvc.perform(post("/resource")
                .content("{\"id\":\"123456\",\"message\":\"Hello World\"}"))
				.andExpect(status().isOk())
				.andDo(verify().jsonPath("$.id")
                        .stub("resource"));
	}
}

So this contract is saying: any valid POST with an "id" field will get back an the same response as in this test. You can chain together calls to .jsonPath() to add additional matchers. The JayWay documentation can help you to get up to speed with JSON Path if it is unfamiliar to you.

Instead of the jsonPath and contentType convenience methods, you can also use the WireMock APIs to verify the request matches the created stub. Example:

@Test
public void contextLoads() throws Exception {
	mockMvc.perform(post("/resource")
               .content("{\"id\":\"123456\",\"message\":\"Hello World\"}"))
			.andExpect(status().isOk())
			.andDo(verify()
					.wiremock(WireMock.post(
						urlPathEquals("/resource"))
						.withRequestBody(matchingJsonPath("$.id"))
                       .stub("post-resource"));
}

The WireMock API is rich - you can match headers, query parameters, and request body by regex as well as by json path - so this can useful to create stubs with a wider range of parameters. The above example will generate a stub something like this:

post-resource.json
{
  "request" : {
    "url" : "/resource",
    "method" : "POST",
    "bodyPatterns" : [ {
      "matchesJsonPath" : "$.id"
    }]
  },
  "response" : {
    "status" : 200,
    "body" : "Hello World",
    "headers" : {
      "X-Application-Context" : "application:-1",
      "Content-Type" : "text/plain"
    }
  }
}
Note
You can use either the wiremock() method or the jsonPath() and contentType() methods to create request matchers, but not both.

On the consumer side, assuming the resource.json generated above is available on the classpath, you can create a stub using WireMock in a number of different ways, including as described above using @AutoConfigureWireMock(stubs="classpath:resource.json").

Generating Contracts using RestDocs

Another thing that can be generated with Spring RestDocs is the Spring Cloud Contract DSL file and documentation. If you combine that with Spring Cloud WireMock then you’re getting both the contracts and stubs.

Tip
You might wonder why this functionality is in the WireMock module. Come to think of it, it does make sense since it makes little sense to generate only contracts and not generate the stubs. That’s why we suggest to do both.

Let’s imagine the following test:

		this.mockMvc.perform(post("/foo")
					.accept(MediaType.APPLICATION_PDF)
					.accept(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)
					.contentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)
					.content("{\"foo\": 23 }"))
				.andExpect(status().isOk())
				.andExpect(content().string("bar"))
				// first WireMock
				.andDo(WireMockRestDocs.verify()
						.jsonPath("$[?(@.foo >= 20)]")
						.contentType(MediaType.valueOf("application/json"))
						.stub("shouldGrantABeerIfOldEnough"))
				// then Contract DSL documentation
				.andDo(document("index", SpringCloudContractRestDocs.dslContract()));

This will lead in the creation of the stub as presented in the previous section, contract will get generated and a documentation file too.

The contract will be called index.groovy and look more like this.

import org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract

Contract.make {
    request {
        method 'POST'
        url 'http://localhost:8080/foo'
        body('''
            {"foo": 23 }
        ''')
        headers {
            header('''Accept''', '''application/json''')
            header('''Content-Type''', '''application/json''')
            header('''Host''', '''localhost:8080''')
            header('''Content-Length''', '''12''')
        }
    }
    response {
        status 200
        body('''
        bar
        ''')
        headers {
            header('''Content-Type''', '''application/json;charset=UTF-8''')
            header('''Content-Length''', '''3''')
        }
        testMatchers {
            jsonPath('$[?(@.foo >= 20)]', byType())
        }
    }
}

the generated document (example for Asciidoc) will contain a formatted contract (the location of this file would be index/dsl-contract.adoc).

Spring Cloud Contract Verifier

Introduction

Tip
The Accurest project was initially started by Marcin Grzejszczak and Jakub Kubrynski (codearte.io)

Just to make long story short - Spring Cloud Contract Verifier is a tool that enables Consumer Driven Contract (CDC) development of JVM-based applications. It is shipped with Contract Definition Language (DSL). Contract definitions are used to produce following resources:

  • JSON stub definitions to be used by WireMock when doing integration testing on the client code (client tests). Test code must still be written by hand, test data is produced by Spring Cloud Contract Verifier.

  • Messaging routes if you’re using one. We’re integrating with Spring Integration, Spring Cloud Stream, Spring AMQP and Apache Camel. You can however set your own integrations if you want to

  • Acceptance tests (in JUnit or Spock) used to verify if server-side implementation of the API is compliant with the contract (server tests). Full test is generated by Spring Cloud Contract Verifier.

Spring Cloud Contract Verifier moves TDD to the level of software architecture.

Spring Cloud Contract video

You can check out the video from the Warsaw JUG about Spring Cloud Contract:

Why?

Let us assume that we have a system comprising of multiple microservices:

Microservices Architecture
Testing issues

If we wanted to test the application in top left corner if it can communicate with other services then we could do one of two things:

  • deploy all microservices and perform end to end tests

  • mock other microservices in unit / integration tests

Both have their advantages but also a lot of disadvantages. Let’s focus on the latter.

Deploy all microservices and perform end to end tests

Advantages:

  • simulates production

  • tests real communication between services

Disadvantages:

  • to test one microservice we would have to deploy 6 microservices, a couple of databases etc.

  • the environment where the tests would be conducted would be locked for a single suite of tests (i.e. nobody else would be able to run the tests in the meantime).

  • long to run

  • very late feedback

  • extremely hard to debug

Mock other microservices in unit / integration tests

Advantages:

  • very fast feedback

  • no infrastructure requirements

Disadvantages:

  • the implementor of the service creates stubs thus they might have nothing to do with the reality

  • you can go to production with passing tests and failing production

To solve the aforementioned issues Spring Cloud Contract Verifier with Stub Runner were created. Their main idea is to give you very fast feedback, without the need to set up the whole world of microservices.

Stubbed Services

If you work on stubs then the only applications you need are those that your application is using directly.

Stubbed Services

Spring Cloud Contract Verifier gives you the certainty that the stubs that you’re using were created by the service that you’re calling. Also if you can use them it means that they were tested against the producer’s side. In other words - you can trust those stubs.

Purposes

The main purposes of Spring Cloud Contract Verifier with Stub Runner are:

  • to ensure that WireMock / Messaging stubs (used when developing the client) are doing exactly what actual server-side implementation will do,

  • to promote ATDD method and Microservices architectural style,

  • to provide a way to publish changes in contracts that are immediately visible on both sides,

  • to generate boilerplate test code used on the server side.

Important
Spring Cloud Contract Verifier’s purpose is NOT to start writing business features in the contracts. Let’s assume that we have a business use case of fraud check. If a user can be a fraud for 100 different reasons, we would assume that you would create 2 contracts. One for the positive and one for the negative fraud case. Contract tests are used to test contracts between applications and not to simulate full behaviour.

Client Side

During the tests you want to have a WireMock instance / Messaging route up and running that simulates the service Y. You would like to feed that instance with a proper stub definition. That stub definition would need to be valid and should also be reusable on the server side.

Summing it up: On this side, in the stub definition, you can use patterns for request stubbing and you need exact values for responses.

Server Side

Being a service Y since you are developing your stub, you need to be sure that it’s actually resembling your concrete implementation. You can’t have a situation where your stub acts in one way and your application on production behaves in a different way.

That’s why from the provided stub acceptance tests will be generated that will ensure that your application behaves in the same way as you define in your stub.

Summing it up: On this side, in the stub definition, you need exact values as request and can use patterns/methods for response verification.

Step by step guide to CDC

Let’s take an example of Fraud Detection and Loan Issuance process. The business scenario is such that we want to issue loans to people but don’t want them to steal the money from us. The current implementation of our system grants loans to everybody.

Let’s assume that the Loan Issuance is a client to the Fraud Detection server. In the current sprint we are required to develop a new feature - if a client wants to borrow too much money then we mark him as fraud.

Technical remark - Fraud Detection will have artifact id http-server, Loan Issuance http-client and both have group id com.example.

Social remark - both client and server development teams need to communicate directly and discuss changes while going through the process. CDC is all about communication.

Tip
In this case the ownership of the contracts lays on the producer side. It means that physically all the contract are present in the producer’s repository
Technical note

If using the SNAPSHOT / Milestone / Release Candidate versions please add the following section to your

Maven
<repositories>
	<repository>
		<id>spring-snapshots</id>
		<name>Spring Snapshots</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/snapshot</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>true</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</repository>
	<repository>
		<id>spring-milestones</id>
		<name>Spring Milestones</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/milestone</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>false</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</repository>
	<repository>
		<id>spring-releases</id>
		<name>Spring Releases</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/release</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>false</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</repository>
</repositories>
<pluginRepositories>
	<pluginRepository>
		<id>spring-snapshots</id>
		<name>Spring Snapshots</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/snapshot</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>true</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</pluginRepository>
	<pluginRepository>
		<id>spring-milestones</id>
		<name>Spring Milestones</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/milestone</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>false</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</pluginRepository>
	<pluginRepository>
		<id>spring-releases</id>
		<name>Spring Releases</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/release</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>false</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</pluginRepository>
</pluginRepositories>
Gradle
repositories {
	mavenCentral()
	mavenLocal()
	maven { url "http://repo.spring.io/snapshot" }
	maven { url "http://repo.spring.io/milestone" }
	maven { url "http://repo.spring.io/release" }
}
Consumer side (Loan Issuance)

As a developer of the Loan Issuance service (a consumer of the Fraud Detection server):

start doing TDD by writing a test to your feature

@Test
public void shouldBeRejectedDueToAbnormalLoanAmount() {
	// given:
	LoanApplication application = new LoanApplication(new Client("1234567890"),
			99999);
	// when:
	LoanApplicationResult loanApplication = service.loanApplication(application);
	// then:
	assertThat(loanApplication.getLoanApplicationStatus())
			.isEqualTo(LoanApplicationStatus.LOAN_APPLICATION_REJECTED);
	assertThat(loanApplication.getRejectionReason()).isEqualTo("Amount too high");
}

We’ve just written a test of our new feature. If a loan application for a big amount is received we should reject that loan application with some description.

write the missing implementation

At some point in time you need to send a request to the Fraud Detection service. Let’s assume that we’d like to send the request containing the id of the client and the amount he wants to borrow from us. We’d like to send it to the /fraudcheck url via the PUT method.

ResponseEntity<FraudServiceResponse> response =
		restTemplate.exchange("http://localhost:" + port + "/fraudcheck", HttpMethod.PUT,
				new HttpEntity<>(request, httpHeaders),
				FraudServiceResponse.class);

For simplicity we’ve hardcoded the port of the Fraud Detection service at 8080 and our application is running on 8090.

If we’d start the written test it would obviously break since we have no service running on port 8080.

clone the Fraud Detection service repository locally

We’ll start playing around with the server side contract. That’s why we need to first clone it.

git clone https://your-git-server.com/server-side.git local-http-server-repo

define the contract locally in the repo of Fraud Detection service

As consumers we need to define what exactly we want to achieve. We need to formulate our expectations. That’s why we write the following contract.

Important
We’re placing the contract under src/test/resources/contract/fraud folder. The fraud folder is important cause we’ll reference that folder in the producer’s test base class name.
package contracts

org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract.make {
	request { // (1)
		method 'PUT' // (2)
		url '/fraudcheck' // (3)
		body([ // (4)
			   clientId: $(regex('[0-9]{10}')),
			   loanAmount: 99999
		])
		headers { // (5)
			contentType('application/json')
		}
	}
	response { // (6)
		status 200 // (7)
		body([ // (8)
			   fraudCheckStatus: "FRAUD",
			   rejectionReason: "Amount too high"
		])
		headers { // (9)
			contentType('application/json')
		}
	}
}

/*
Since we don't want to force on the user to hardcode values of fields that are dynamic
(timestamps, database ids etc.), one can parametrize those entries. If you wrap your field's
 value in a `$(...)` or `value(...)` and provide a dynamic value of a field then
 the concrete value will be generated for you. If you want to be really explicit about
 which side gets which value you can do that by using the `value(consumer(...), producer(...))` notation.
 That way what's present in the `consumer` section will end up in the produced stub. What's
 there in the `producer` will end up in the autogenerated test. If you provide only the
 regular expression side without the concrete value then Spring Cloud Contract will generate one for you.

From the Consumer perspective, when shooting a request in the integration test:

(1) - If the consumer sends a request
(2) - With the "PUT" method
(3) - to the URL "/fraudcheck"
(4) - with the JSON body that
 * has a field `clientId` that matches a regular expression `[0-9]{10}`
 * has a field `loanAmount` that is equal to `99999`
(5) - with header `Content-Type` equal to `application/json`
(6) - then the response will be sent with
(7) - status equal `200`
(8) - and JSON body equal to
 { "fraudCheckStatus": "FRAUD", "rejectionReason": "Amount too high" }
(9) - with header `Content-Type` equal to `application/json`

From the Producer perspective, in the autogenerated producer-side test:

(1) - A request will be sent to the producer
(2) - With the "PUT" method
(3) - to the URL "/fraudcheck"
(4) - with the JSON body that
 * has a field `clientId` that will have a generated value that matches a regular expression `[0-9]{10}`
 * has a field `loanAmount` that is equal to `99999`
(5) - with header `Content-Type` equal to `application/json`
(6) - then the test will assert if the response has been sent with
(7) - status equal `200`
(8) - and JSON body equal to
 { "fraudCheckStatus": "FRAUD", "rejectionReason": "Amount too high" }
(9) - with header `Content-Type` matching `application/json.*`
 */

The Contract is written using a statically typed Groovy DSL. You might be wondering what are those value(client(…​), server(…​)) parts. By using this notation Spring Cloud Contract allows you to define parts of a JSON / URL / etc. which are dynamic. In case of an identifier or a timestamp you don’t want to hardcode a value. You want to allow some different ranges of values. That’s why for the consumer side you can set regular expressions matching those values. You can provide the body either by means of a map notation or String with interpolations. Consult the docs for more information. We highly recommend using the map notation!

Tip
It’s really important that you understand the map notation to set up contracts. Please read the Groovy docs regarding JSON

The aforementioned contract is an agreement between two sides that:

  • if an HTTP request is sent with

    • a method PUT on an endpoint /fraudcheck

    • JSON body with clientPesel matching the regular expression [0-9]{10} and loanAmount equal to 99999

    • and with a header Content-Type equal to application/vnd.fraud.v1+json

  • then an HTTP response would be sent to the consumer that

    • has status 200

    • contains JSON body with the fraudCheckStatus field containing a value FRAUD and the rejectionReason field having value Amount too high

    • and a Content-Type header with a value of application/vnd.fraud.v1+json

Once we’re ready to check the API in practice in the integration tests we need to just install the stubs locally

add the Spring Cloud Contract Verifier plugin

We can add either Maven or Gradle plugin - in this example we’ll show how to add Maven. First we need to add the Spring Cloud Contract BOM.

<dependencyManagement>
	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-cloud-dependencies</artifactId>
			<version>${spring-cloud-dependencies.version}</version>
			<type>pom</type>
			<scope>import</scope>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>

Next, the Spring Cloud Contract Verifier Maven plugin

<plugin>
	<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin</artifactId>
	<version>${spring-cloud-contract.version}</version>
	<extensions>true</extensions>
	<configuration>
		<packageWithBaseClasses>com.example.fraud</packageWithBaseClasses>
	</configuration>
</plugin>

Since the plugin was added we get the Spring Cloud Contract Verifier features which from the provided contracts:

  • generate and run tests

  • produce and install stubs

We don’t want to generate tests since we, as consumers, want only to play with the stubs. That’s why we need to skip the tests generation and execution. When we execute:

cd local-http-server-repo
./mvnw clean install -DskipTests

In the logs we’ll see something like this:

[INFO] --- spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin:1.0.0.BUILD-SNAPSHOT:generateStubs (default-generateStubs) @ http-server ---
[INFO] Building jar: /some/path/http-server/target/http-server-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT-stubs.jar
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-jar-plugin:2.6:jar (default-jar) @ http-server ---
[INFO] Building jar: /some/path/http-server/target/http-server-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar
[INFO]
[INFO] --- spring-boot-maven-plugin:1.5.0.BUILD-SNAPSHOT:repackage (default) @ http-server ---
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-install-plugin:2.5.2:install (default-install) @ http-server ---
[INFO] Installing /some/path/http-server/target/http-server-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar to /path/to/your/.m2/repository/com/example/http-server/0.0.1-SNAPSHOT/http-server-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar
[INFO] Installing /some/path/http-server/pom.xml to /path/to/your/.m2/repository/com/example/http-server/0.0.1-SNAPSHOT/http-server-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.pom
[INFO] Installing /some/path/http-server/target/http-server-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT-stubs.jar to /path/to/your/.m2/repository/com/example/http-server/0.0.1-SNAPSHOT/http-server-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT-stubs.jar

This line is extremely important

[INFO] Installing /some/path/http-server/target/http-server-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT-stubs.jar to /path/to/your/.m2/repository/com/example/http-server/0.0.1-SNAPSHOT/http-server-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT-stubs.jar

It’s confirming that the stubs of the http-server have been installed in the local repository.

run the integration tests

In order to profit from the Spring Cloud Contract Stub Runner functionality of automatic stub downloading you have to do the following in our consumer side project (Loan Application service).

Add the Spring Cloud Contract BOM

<dependencyManagement>
	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-cloud-dependencies</artifactId>
			<version>${spring-cloud-dependencies.version}</version>
			<type>pom</type>
			<scope>import</scope>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>

Add the dependency to Spring Cloud Contract Stub Runner

<dependency>
	<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-contract-stub-runner</artifactId>
	<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>

Annotate your test class with @AutoConfigureStubRunner. In the annotation provide the group id and artifact id for the Stub Runner to download stubs of your collaborators. Also provide the offline work switch since you’re playing with the collaborators offline (optional step).

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest(webEnvironment=WebEnvironment.NONE)
@AutoConfigureStubRunner(ids = {"com.example:http-server-dsl:+:stubs:6565"}, workOffline = true)
@DirtiesContext
public class LoanApplicationServiceTests {

Now if you run your tests you’ll see sth like this:

2016-07-19 14:22:25.403  INFO 41050 --- [           main] o.s.c.c.stubrunner.AetherStubDownloader  : Desired version is + - will try to resolve the latest version
2016-07-19 14:22:25.438  INFO 41050 --- [           main] o.s.c.c.stubrunner.AetherStubDownloader  : Resolved version is 0.0.1-SNAPSHOT
2016-07-19 14:22:25.439  INFO 41050 --- [           main] o.s.c.c.stubrunner.AetherStubDownloader  : Resolving artifact com.example:http-server:jar:stubs:0.0.1-SNAPSHOT using remote repositories []
2016-07-19 14:22:25.451  INFO 41050 --- [           main] o.s.c.c.stubrunner.AetherStubDownloader  : Resolved artifact com.example:http-server:jar:stubs:0.0.1-SNAPSHOT to /path/to/your/.m2/repository/com/example/http-server/0.0.1-SNAPSHOT/http-server-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT-stubs.jar
2016-07-19 14:22:25.465  INFO 41050 --- [           main] o.s.c.c.stubrunner.AetherStubDownloader  : Unpacking stub from JAR [URI: file:/path/to/your/.m2/repository/com/example/http-server/0.0.1-SNAPSHOT/http-server-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT-stubs.jar]
2016-07-19 14:22:25.475  INFO 41050 --- [           main] o.s.c.c.stubrunner.AetherStubDownloader  : Unpacked file to [/var/folders/0p/xwq47sq106x1_g3dtv6qfm940000gq/T/contracts100276532569594265]
2016-07-19 14:22:27.737  INFO 41050 --- [           main] o.s.c.c.stubrunner.StubRunnerExecutor    : All stubs are now running RunningStubs [namesAndPorts={com.example:http-server:0.0.1-SNAPSHOT:stubs=8080}]

Which means that Stub Runner has found your stubs and started a server for app with group id com.example, artifact id http-server with version 0.0.1-SNAPSHOT of the stubs and with stubs classifier on port 8080.

file a PR

What we did until now is an iterative process. We can play around with the contract, install it locally and work on the consumer side until we’re happy with the contract.

Once we’re satisfied with the results and the test passes publish a PR to the server side. Currently the consumer side work is done.

Producer side (Fraud Detection server)

As a developer of the Fraud Detection server (a server to the Loan Issuance service):

initial implementation

As a reminder here you can see the initial implementation

@RequestMapping(value = "/fraudcheck", method = PUT)
public FraudCheckResult fraudCheck(@RequestBody FraudCheck fraudCheck) {
return new FraudCheckResult(FraudCheckStatus.OK, NO_REASON);
}

take over the PR

git checkout -b contract-change-pr master
git pull https://your-git-server.com/server-side-fork.git contract-change-pr

You have to add the dependencies needed by the autogenerated tests

<dependency>
	<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-contract-verifier</artifactId>
	<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>

In the configuration of the Maven plugin we passed the packageWithBaseClasses property

<plugin>
	<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin</artifactId>
	<version>${spring-cloud-contract.version}</version>
	<extensions>true</extensions>
	<configuration>
		<packageWithBaseClasses>com.example.fraud</packageWithBaseClasses>
	</configuration>
</plugin>
Important
We’ve decided to use the "convention based" naming by setting the packageWithBaseClasses property. That means that 2 last packages will be combined into a name of the base test class. In our case the contracts were placed under src/test/resources/contract/fraud. Since we don’t have 2 packages starting from the contracts folder we’re picking only one which is fraud. We’re adding the Base suffix and we’re capitalizing fraud. That gives us the FraudBase test class name.

That’s because all the generated tests will extend that class. Over there you can set up your Spring Context or whatever is necessary. In our case we’re using Rest Assured MVC to start the server side FraudDetectionController.

package com.example.fraud;

import org.junit.Before;

import com.jayway.restassured.module.mockmvc.RestAssuredMockMvc;

public class FraudBase {
	@Before
	public void setup() {
		RestAssuredMockMvc.standaloneSetup(new FraudDetectionController(),
				new FraudStatsController(stubbedStatsProvider()));
	}

	private StatsProvider stubbedStatsProvider() {
		return fraudType -> {
			switch (fraudType) {
			case DRUNKS:
				return 100;
			case ALL:
				return 200;
			}
			return 0;
		};
	}

	public void assertThatRejectionReasonIsNull(Object rejectionReason) {
		assert rejectionReason == null;
	}
}

Now, if you run the ./mvnw clean install you would get sth like this:

Results :

Tests in error:
  ContractVerifierTest.validate_shouldMarkClientAsFraud:32 » IllegalState Parsed...

That’s because you have a new contract from which a test was generated and it failed since you haven’t implemented the feature. The autogenerated test would look like this:

@Test
public void validate_shouldMarkClientAsFraud() throws Exception {
    // given:
        MockMvcRequestSpecification request = given()
                .header("Content-Type", "application/vnd.fraud.v1+json")
                .body("{\"clientPesel\":\"1234567890\",\"loanAmount\":99999}");

    // when:
        ResponseOptions response = given().spec(request)
                .put("/fraudcheck");

    // then:
        assertThat(response.statusCode()).isEqualTo(200);
        assertThat(response.header("Content-Type")).matches("application/vnd.fraud.v1.json.*");
    // and:
        DocumentContext parsedJson = JsonPath.parse(response.getBody().asString());
        assertThatJson(parsedJson).field("fraudCheckStatus").matches("[A-Z]{5}");
        assertThatJson(parsedJson).field("rejectionReason").isEqualTo("Amount too high");
}

As you can see all the producer() parts of the Contract that were present in the value(consumer(…​), producer(…​)) blocks got injected into the test.

What’s important here to note is that on the producer side we also are doing TDD. We have expectations in form of a test. This test is shooting a request to our own application to an URL, headers and body defined in the contract. It also is expecting very precisely defined values in the response. In other words you have is your red part of red, green and refactor. Time to convert the red into the green.

write the missing implementation

Now since we now what is the expected input and expected output let’s write the missing implementation.

@RequestMapping(value = "/fraudcheck", method = PUT)
public FraudCheckResult fraudCheck(@RequestBody FraudCheck fraudCheck) {
if (amountGreaterThanThreshold(fraudCheck)) {
	return new FraudCheckResult(FraudCheckStatus.FRAUD, AMOUNT_TOO_HIGH);
}
return new FraudCheckResult(FraudCheckStatus.OK, NO_REASON);
}

If we execute ./mvnw clean install again the tests will pass. Since the Spring Cloud Contract Verifier plugin adds the tests to the generated-test-sources you can actually run those tests from your IDE.

deploy your app

Once you’ve finished your work it’s time to deploy your change. First merge the branch

git checkout master
git merge --no-ff contract-change-pr
git push origin master

Then we assume that your CI would run sth like ./mvnw clean deploy which would publish both the application and the stub artifcats.

Consumer side (Loan Issuance) final step

As a developer of the Loan Issuance service (a consumer of the Fraud Detection server):

merge branch to master

git checkout master
git merge --no-ff contract-change-pr

work online

Now you can disable the offline work for Spring Cloud Contract Stub Runner ad provide where the repository with your stubs is placed. At this moment the stubs of the server side will be automatically downloaded from Nexus / Artifactory. You can switch off the value of the workOffline parameter in your annotation. Below you can see an example of achieving the same by changing the properties.

stubrunner:
  ids: 'com.example:http-server-dsl:+:stubs:8080'
  repositoryRoot: http://repo.spring.io/libs-snapshot

And that’s it!

Dependencies

The best way to add the dependencies is to just use the proper starter dependency.

For stub-runner use spring-cloud-starter-stub-runner and when you’re using a plugin just add spring-cloud-starter-contract-verifier.

Below you can find some resources related to Spring Cloud Contract Verifier and Stub Runner. Note that some can be outdated since the Spring Cloud Contract Verifier project is under constant development.

Samples

Here you can find some samples.

FAQ

Why use Spring Cloud Contract Verifier and not X ?

For the time being Spring Cloud Contract Verifier is a JVM based tool. So it could be your first pick when you’re already creating software for the JVM. This project has a lot of really interesting features but especially quite a few of them definitely make Spring Cloud Contract Verifier stand out on the "market" of Consumer Driven Contract (CDC) tooling. Out of many the most interesting are:

  • Possibility to do CDC with messaging

  • Clear and easy to use, statically typed DSL

  • Possibility to copy paste your current JSON file to the contract and only edit its elements

  • Automatic generation of tests from the defined Contract

  • Stub Runner functionality - the stubs are automatically downloaded at runtime from Nexus / Artifactory

  • Spring Cloud integration - no discovery service is needed for integration tests

What is this value(consumer(), producer()) ?

One of the biggest challenges related to stubs is their reusability. Only if they can be vastly used, will they serve their purpose. What typically makes that difficult are the hard-coded values of request / response elements. For example dates or ids. Imagine the following JSON request

{
    "time" : "2016-10-10 20:10:15",
    "id" : "9febab1c-6f36-4a0b-88d6-3b6a6d81cd4a",
    "body" : "foo"
}

and JSON response

{
    "time" : "2016-10-10 21:10:15",
    "id" : "c4231e1f-3ca9-48d3-b7e7-567d55f0d051",
    "body" : "bar"
}

Imagine the pain required to set proper value of the time field (let’s assume that this content is generated by the database) by changing the clock in the system or providing stub implementations of data providers. The same is related to the field called id. Will you create a stubbed implementation of UUID generator? Makes little sense…​

So as a consumer you would like to send a request that matches any form of a time or any UUID. That way your system will work as usual - will generate data and you won’t have to stub anything out. Let’s assume that in case of the aforementioned JSON the most important part is the body field. You can focus on that and provide matching for other fields. In other words you would like the stub to work like this:

{
    "time" : "SOMETHING THAT MATCHES TIME",
    "id" : "SOMETHING THAT MATCHES UUID",
    "body" : "foo"
}

As far as the response goes as a consumer you need a concrete value that you can operate on. So such a JSON is valid

{
    "time" : "2016-10-10 21:10:15",
    "id" : "c4231e1f-3ca9-48d3-b7e7-567d55f0d051",
    "body" : "bar"
}

As you could see in the previous sections we generate tests from contracts. So from the producer’s side the situation looks much different. We’re parsing the provided contract and in the test we want to send a real request to your endpoints. So for the case of a producer for the request we can’t have any sort of matching. We need concrete values that the producer’s backend can work on. Such a JSON would be a valid one:

{
    "time" : "2016-10-10 20:10:15",
    "id" : "9febab1c-6f36-4a0b-88d6-3b6a6d81cd4a",
    "body" : "foo"
}

On the other hand from the point of view of the validity of the contract the response doesn’t necessarily have to contain concrete values of time or id. Let’s say that you generate those on the producer side - again, you’d have to do a lot of stubbing to ensure that you always return the same values. That’s why from the producer’s side what you might want is the following response:

{
    "time" : "SOMETHING THAT MATCHES TIME",
    "id" : "SOMETHING THAT MATCHES UUID",
    "body" : "bar"
}

How can you then provide one time a matcher for the consumer and a concrete value for the producer and vice versa? In Spring Cloud Contract we’re allowing you to provide a dynamic value. That means that it can differ for both sides of the communication. You can pass the values:

Either via the value method

value(consumer(...), producer(...))
value(stub(...), test(...))
value(client(...), server(...))

or using the $() method

$(consumer(...), producer(...))
$(stub(...), test(...))
$(client(...), server(...))

You can read more about this in the Contract DSL section.

Calling value() or $() tells Spring Cloud Contract that you will be passing a dynamic value. Inside the consumer() method you pass the value that should be used on the consumer side (in the generated stub). Inside the producer() method you pass the value that should be used on the producer side (in the generated test).

Tip
If on one side you have passed the regular expression and you haven’t passed the other, then the other side will get auto-generated.

Most often you will use that method together with the regex helper method. E.g. consumer(regex('[0-9]{10}')).

To sum it up the contract for the aforementioned scenario would look more or less like this (the regular expression for time and UUID are simplified and most likely invalid but we want to keep things very simple in this example):

org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract.make {
				request {
					method 'GET'
					url '/someUrl'
					body([
					    time : value(consumer(regex('[0-9]{4}-[0-9]{2}-[0-9]{2} [0-2][0-9]-[0-5][0-9]-[0-5][0-9]')),
					    id: value(consumer(regex('[0-9a-zA-z]{8}-[0-9a-zA-z]{4}-[0-9a-zA-z]{4}-[0-9a-zA-z]{12}'))
					    body: "foo"
					])
				}
			response {
				status 200
				body([
					    time : value(producer(regex('[0-9]{4}-[0-9]{2}-[0-9]{2} [0-2][0-9]-[0-5][0-9]-[0-5][0-9]')),
					    id: value([producer(regex('[0-9a-zA-z]{8}-[0-9a-zA-z]{4}-[0-9a-zA-z]{4}-[0-9a-zA-z]{12}'))
					    body: "bar"
					])
			}
}
Important
Please read the Groovy docs related to JSON to understand how to properly structure the request / response bodies.

How to do Stubs versioning?

API Versioning

Let’s try to answer a question what versioning really means. If you’re referring to the API version then there are different approaches.

  • use Hypermedia, links and do not version your API by any means

  • pass versions through headers / urls

I will not try to answer a question which approach is better. Whatever suit your needs and allows you to generate business value should be picked.

Let’s assume that you do version your API. In that case you should provide as many contracts as many versions you support. You can create a subfolder for every version or append it to th contract name - whatever suits you more.

JAR versioning

If by versioning you mean the version of the JAR that contains the stubs then there are essentially two main approaches.

Let’s assume that you’re doing Continuous Delivery / Deployment which means that you’re generating a new version of the jar each time you go through the pipeline and that jar can go to production at any time. For example your jar version looks like this (it got built on the 20.10.2016 at 20:15:21) :

1.0.0.20161020-201521-RELEASE

In that case your generated stub jar will look like this.

1.0.0.20161020-201521-RELEASE-stubs.jar

In this case you should inside your application.yml or @AutoConfigureStubRunner when referencing stubs provide the latest version of the stubs. You can do that by passing the + sign. Example

@AutoConfigureStubRunner(ids = {"com.example:http-server-dsl:+:stubs:8080"})

If the versioning however is fixed (e.g. 1.0.4.RELEASE or 2.1.1) then you have to set the concrete value of the jar version. Example for 2.1.1.

@AutoConfigureStubRunner(ids = {"com.example:http-server-dsl:2.1.1:stubs:8080"})
Dev or prod stubs

You can manipulate the classifier to run the tests against current development version of the stubs of other services or the ones that were deployed to production. If you alter your build to deploy the stubs with the prod-stubs classifier once you reach production deployment then you can run tests in one case with dev stubs and one with prod stubs.

Example of tests using development version of stubs

@AutoConfigureStubRunner(ids = {"com.example:http-server-dsl:+:stubs:8080"})

Example of tests using production version of stubs

@AutoConfigureStubRunner(ids = {"com.example:http-server-dsl:+:prod-stubs:8080"})

You can pass those values also via properties from your deployment pipeline.

Common repo with contracts

Another way of storing contracts other than having them with the producer is keeping them in a common place. It can be related to security issues where the consumers can’t clone the producer’s code. Also if you keep contracts in a single place then you, as a producer, will know how many consumers you have and which consumer will you break with your local changes.

Repo structure

Let’s assume that we have a producer with coordinates com.example:server and 3 consumers: client1, client2, client3. Then in the repository with common contracts you would have the following setup (which you can checkout here:

├── com
│   └── example
│       └── server
│           ├── client1
│           │   └── expectation.groovy
│           ├── client2
│           │   └── expectation.groovy
│           ├── client3
│           │   └── expectation.groovy
│           └── pom.xml
├── mvnw
├── mvnw.cmd
├── pom.xml
└── src
    └── assembly
        └── contracts.xml

As you can see the under the slash-delimited groupid / artifact id folder (com/example/server) you have expectations of the 3 consumers (client1, client2 and client3). Expectations are the standard Groovy DSL contract files as described throughout this documentation. This repository has to produce a JAR file that maps one to one to the contents of the repo.

Example of a pom.xml inside the server folder.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

	<groupId>com.example</groupId>
	<artifactId>server</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>

	<name>Server Stubs</name>
	<description>POM used to install locally stubs for consumer side</description>

	<parent>
		<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
		<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
		<version>1.5.0.BUILD-SNAPSHOT</version>
		<relativePath />
	</parent>

	<properties>
		<project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
		<java.version>1.8</java.version>
		<spring-cloud-contract.version>1.1.1.BUILD-SNAPSHOT</spring-cloud-contract.version>
		<spring-cloud-dependencies.version>Dalston.BUILD-SNAPSHOT</spring-cloud-dependencies.version>
		<excludeBuildFolders>true</excludeBuildFolders>
	</properties>

	<dependencyManagement>
		<dependencies>
			<dependency>
				<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
				<artifactId>spring-cloud-dependencies</artifactId>
				<version>${spring-cloud-dependencies.version}</version>
				<type>pom</type>
				<scope>import</scope>
			</dependency>
		</dependencies>
	</dependencyManagement>

	<build>
		<plugins>
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
				<artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin</artifactId>
				<version>${spring-cloud-contract.version}</version>
				<extensions>true</extensions>
				<configuration>
					<!-- By default it would search under src/test/resources/ -->
					<contractsDirectory>${project.basedir}</contractsDirectory>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
	</build>

	<repositories>
		<repository>
			<id>spring-snapshots</id>
			<name>Spring Snapshots</name>
			<url>https://repo.spring.io/snapshot</url>
			<snapshots>
				<enabled>true</enabled>
			</snapshots>
		</repository>
		<repository>
			<id>spring-milestones</id>
			<name>Spring Milestones</name>
			<url>https://repo.spring.io/milestone</url>
			<snapshots>
				<enabled>false</enabled>
			</snapshots>
		</repository>
		<repository>
			<id>spring-releases</id>
			<name>Spring Releases</name>
			<url>https://repo.spring.io/release</url>
			<snapshots>
				<enabled>false</enabled>
			</snapshots>
		</repository>
	</repositories>
	<pluginRepositories>
		<pluginRepository>
			<id>spring-snapshots</id>
			<name>Spring Snapshots</name>
			<url>https://repo.spring.io/snapshot</url>
			<snapshots>
				<enabled>true</enabled>
			</snapshots>
		</pluginRepository>
		<pluginRepository>
			<id>spring-milestones</id>
			<name>Spring Milestones</name>
			<url>https://repo.spring.io/milestone</url>
			<snapshots>
				<enabled>false</enabled>
			</snapshots>
		</pluginRepository>
		<pluginRepository>
			<id>spring-releases</id>
			<name>Spring Releases</name>
			<url>https://repo.spring.io/release</url>
			<snapshots>
				<enabled>false</enabled>
			</snapshots>
		</pluginRepository>
	</pluginRepositories>

</project>

As you can see there are no dependencies other than the Spring Cloud Contract Maven Plugin. Those poms are necessary for the consumer side to run mvn clean install -DskipTests to locally install stubs of the producer project.

The pom.xml in the root folder can look like this:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
		 xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

	<groupId>com.example.standalone</groupId>
	<artifactId>contracts</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>

	<name>Contracts</name>
	<description>Contains all the Spring Cloud Contracts, well, contracts. JAR used by the producers to generate tests and stubs</description>

	<properties>
		<project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
	</properties>

	<build>
		<plugins>
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
				<artifactId>maven-assembly-plugin</artifactId>
				<executions>
					<execution>
						<id>contracts</id>
						<phase>prepare-package</phase>
						<goals>
							<goal>single</goal>
						</goals>
						<configuration>
							<attach>true</attach>
							<descriptor>${basedir}/src/assembly/contracts.xml</descriptor>
							<!-- If you want an explicit classifier remove the following line -->
							<appendAssemblyId>false</appendAssemblyId>
						</configuration>
					</execution>
				</executions>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
	</build>

</project>

It’s using the assembly plugin in order to build the JAR with all the contracts. Example of such setup is here:

<assembly xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/plugins/maven-assembly-plugin/assembly/1.1.3"
		  xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
		  xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/plugins/maven-assembly-plugin/assembly/1.1.3 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/assembly-1.1.3.xsd">
	<id>project</id>
	<formats>
		<format>jar</format>
	</formats>
	<includeBaseDirectory>false</includeBaseDirectory>
	<fileSets>
		<fileSet>
			<directory>${project.basedir}</directory>
			<outputDirectory>/</outputDirectory>
			<useDefaultExcludes>true</useDefaultExcludes>
			<excludes>
				<exclude>**/${project.build.directory}/**</exclude>
				<exclude>mvnw</exclude>
				<exclude>mvnw.cmd</exclude>
				<exclude>.mvn/**</exclude>
				<exclude>src/**</exclude>
			</excludes>
		</fileSet>
	</fileSets>
</assembly>
Workflow

The workflow would look similar to the one presented in the Step by step guide to CDC. The only difference is that the producer doesn’t own the contracts anymore. So the consumer and the producer have to work on common contracts in a common repository.

Consumer

When the consumer wants to work on the contracts offline, instead of cloning the producer code, the consumer team clones the common repository, goes to the required producer’s folder (e.g. com/example/server) and runs mvn clean install -DskipTests to install locally the stubs converted from the contracts.

Tip
You need to have Maven installed locally
Producer

As a producer it’s enough to alter the Spring Cloud Contract Verifier to provide the URL and the dependency of the JAR containing the contracts:

<plugin>
	<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin</artifactId>
	<configuration>
		<contractsRepositoryUrl>http://link/to/your/nexus/or/artifactory/or/sth</contractsRepositoryUrl>
		<contractDependency>
			<groupId>com.example.standalone</groupId>
			<artifactId>contracts</artifactId>
		</contractDependency>
	</configuration>
</plugin>

With this setup the JAR with groupid com.example.standalone and artifactid contracts will be downloaded from http://link/to/your/nexus/or/artifactory/or/sth. It will be then unpacked in a local temporary folder and contracts present under the com/example/server will be picked as the ones used to generate the tests and the stubs. Due to this convention the producer team will know which consumer teams will be broken when some incompatible changes are done.

The rest of the flow looks the same.

Can I have multiple base classes for tests?

Yes! Check out the Different base classes for contracts sections of either Gradle or Maven plugins.

How can I debug the request/response being sent by the generated tests client?

The generated tests all boil down to RestAssured in some form or fashion which relies on Apache HttpClient. HttpClient has a facility called wire logging which logs the entire request and response to HttpClient. Spring Boot has a logging common application property for doing this sort of thing, just add this to your application properties

logging.level.org.apache.http.wire=DEBUG

Can I reference the request from the response?

Yes! With version 1.1.0 we’ve added such a possibility. On the HTTP stub server side we’re providing support for this for WireMock. In case of other HTTP server stubs you’ll have to implement the approach yourself.

Spring Cloud Contract Verifier HTTP

Gradle Project

Prerequisites

In order to use Spring Cloud Contract Verifier with WireMock you have to use Gradle or Maven plugin.

Warning
If you want to use Spock in your projects you have to add separately the spock-core and spock-spring modules. Check Spock docs for more information
Add gradle plugin with dependencies
buildscript {
	repositories {
		mavenCentral()
	}
	dependencies {
	    classpath "org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-gradle-plugin:${springboot_version}"
		classpath "org.springframework.cloud:spring-cloud-contract-gradle-plugin:${verifier_version}"
	}
}

apply plugin: 'groovy'
apply plugin: 'spring-cloud-contract'

dependencyManagement {
	imports {
		mavenBom "org.springframework.cloud:spring-cloud-contract-dependencies:${verifier_version}"
	}
}

dependencies {
	testCompile 'org.codehaus.groovy:groovy-all:2.4.6'
	// example with adding Spock core and Spock Spring
	testCompile 'org.spockframework:spock-core:1.0-groovy-2.4'
	testCompile 'org.spockframework:spock-spring:1.0-groovy-2.4'
	testCompile 'org.springframework.cloud:spring-cloud-starter-contract-verifier'
}
Gradle and Rest Assured 3.0

By default Rest Assured 2.x is added to the classpath. However in order to give the users the opportunity to use Rest Assured 3.x it’s enough to add it to the plugins classpath.

buildscript {
	repositories {
		mavenCentral()
	}
	dependencies {
	    classpath "org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-gradle-plugin:${springboot_version}"
		classpath "org.springframework.cloud:spring-cloud-contract-gradle-plugin:${verifier_version}"
		classpath "io.rest-assured:rest-assured:3.0.2"
		classpath "io.rest-assured:spring-mock-mvc:3.0.2"
	}
}

depenendencies {
    // all dependencies
    // you can exclude rest-assured from spring-cloud-contract-verifier
    testCompile "io.rest-assured:rest-assured:3.0.2"
    testCompile "io.rest-assured:spring-mock-mvc:3.0.2"
}

That way the plugin will automatically see that Rest Assured 3.x is present on the classpath and will modify the imports accordingly.

Snapshot versions for Gradle

Add the additional snapshot repository to your build.gradle to use snapshot versions which are automatically uploaded after every successful build:

buildscript {
	repositories {
		mavenCentral()
		mavenLocal()
		maven { url "http://repo.spring.io/snapshot" }
		maven { url "http://repo.spring.io/milestone" }
		maven { url "http://repo.spring.io/release" }
	}
}
Add stubs

By default Spring Cloud Contract Verifier is looking for stubs in src/test/resources/contracts directory.

Directory containing stub definitions is treated as a class name, and each stub definition is treated as a single test. We assume that it contains at least one directory which will be used as test class name. If there is more than one level of nested directories all except the last one will be used as package name. So with following structure

src/test/resources/contracts/myservice/shouldCreateUser.groovy
src/test/resources/contracts/myservice/shouldReturnUser.groovy

Spring Cloud Contract Verifier will create test class defaultBasePackage.MyService with two methods

  • shouldCreateUser()

  • shouldReturnUser()

Run plugin

Plugin registers itself to be invoked before check task. You have nothing to do as long as you want it to be part of your build process. If you just want to generate tests please invoke generateContractTests task.

Default setup

Default Gradle Plugin setup creates the following Gradle part of the build (it’s a pseudocode)

contracts {
    targetFramework = 'JUNIT'
    testMode = 'MockMvc'
    generatedTestSourcesDir = project.file("${project.buildDir}/generated-test-sources/contracts")
    contractsDslDir = "${project.rootDir}/src/test/resources/contracts"
    basePackageForTests = 'org.springframework.cloud.verifier.tests'
    stubsOutputDir = project.file("${project.buildDir}/stubs")

    // the following properties are used when you want to provide where the JAR with contract lays
    contractDependency {
        stringNotation = ''
    }
    contractsPath = ''
    contractsWorkOffline = false
}

tasks.create(type: Jar, name: 'verifierStubsJar', dependsOn: 'generateClientStubs') {
    baseName = project.name
    classifier = contracts.stubsSuffix
    from contractVerifier.stubsOutputDir
}

project.artifacts {
    archives task
}

tasks.create(type: Copy, name: 'copyContracts') {
    from contracts.contractsDslDir
    into contracts.stubsOutputDir
}

verifierStubsJar.dependsOn 'copyContracts'

publishing {
    publications {
        stubs(MavenPublication) {
            artifactId project.name
            artifact verifierStubsJar
        }
    }
}
Configure plugin

To change default configuration just add contracts snippet to your Gradle config

contracts {
	testMode = 'MockMvc'
	baseClassForTests = 'org.mycompany.tests'
	generatedTestSourcesDir = project.file('src/generatedContract')
}
Configuration options
  • testMode - defines mode for acceptance tests. By default MockMvc which is based on Spring’s MockMvc. It can also be changed to JaxRsClient or to Explicit for real HTTP calls.

  • imports - array with imports that should be included in generated tests (for example ['org.myorg.Matchers']). By default empty array []

  • staticImports - array with static imports that should be included in generated tests(for example ['org.myorg.Matchers.*']). By default empty array []

  • basePackageForTests - specifies base package for all generated tests. By default set to org.springframework.cloud.verifier.tests

  • baseClassForTests - base class for all generated tests. By default spock.lang.Specification if using Spock tests.

  • packageWithBaseClasses - instead of providing a fixed value for base class you can provide a package where all the base classes lay. Takes precedence over baseClassForTests.

  • baseClassMappings - explicitly map contract package to a FQN of a base class. Takes precedence over packageWithBaseClasses and baseClassForTests.

  • ruleClassForTests - specifies Rule which should be added to generated test classes.

  • ignoredFiles - Ant matcher allowing defining stub files for which processing should be skipped. By default empty array []

  • contractsDslDir - directory containing contracts written using the GroovyDSL. By default $rootDir/src/test/resources/contracts

  • generatedTestSourcesDir - test source directory where tests generated from Groovy DSL should be placed. By default $buildDir/generated-test-sources/contractVerifier

  • stubsOutputDir - dir where the generated WireMock stubs from Groovy DSL should be placed

  • targetFramework - the target test framework to be used; currently Spock and JUnit are supported with JUnit being the default framework

The following properties are used when you want to provide where the JAR with contract lays

  • contractDependency - the Dependency that provides groupid:artifactid:version:classifier coordinates. You can use the contractDependency closure to set it up

  • contractsPath - if contract deps are downloaded will default to groupid/artifactid where groupid will be slash separated. Otherwise will scan contracts under provided directory

  • contractsWorkOffline - in order not to download the dependencies each time you can download them once and work offline afterwards (reuse local Maven repo)

Single base class for all tests

When using Spring Cloud Contract Verifier in default MockMvc you need to create a base specification for all generated acceptance tests. In this class you need to point to endpoint which should be verified.

abstract class BaseMockMvcSpec extends Specification {

	def setup() {
		RestAssuredMockMvc.standaloneSetup(new PairIdController())
	}

	void isProperCorrelationId(Integer correlationId) {
		assert correlationId == 123456
	}

	void isEmpty(String value) {
		assert value == null
	}

}

In case of using Explicit mode, you can use base class to initialize the whole tested app similarly as in regular integration tests. In case of JAXRSCLIENT mode this base class should also contain protected WebTarget webTarget field, right now the only option to test JAX-RS API is to start a web server.

Different base classes for contracts

If your base classes differ between contracts you can tell the Spring Cloud Contract plugin which class should get extended by the autogenerated tests. You have two options:

  • follow a convention by providing the packageWithBaseClasses

  • provide explicit mapping via baseClassMappings

Convention

The convention is such that if you have a contract under e.g. src/test/resources/contract/foo/bar/baz/ and provide the value of the packageWithBaseClasses property to com.example.base then we will assume that there is a BarBazBase class under com.example.base package. In other words we take last two parts of package if they exist and form a class with a Base suffix. Takes precedence over baseClassForTests. Example of usage in the contracts closure:

packageWithBaseClasses = 'com.example.base'

Mapping

You can manually map a regular expression of the contract’s package to fully qualified name of the base class for the matched contract. Let’s take a look at the following example:

baseClassForTests = "com.example.FooBase"
baseClassMappings {
	baseClassMapping('.*/com/.*', 'com.example.ComBase')
	baseClassMapping('.*/bar/.*':'com.example.BarBase')
}

Let’s assume that you have contracts under - src/test/resources/contract/com/ - src/test/resources/contract/foo/

By providing the baseClassForTests we have a fallback in case mapping didn’t succeed (you could also provide the packageWithBaseClasses as fallback). That way the tests generated from src/test/resources/contract/com/ contracts will be extending the com.example.ComBase whereas the rest of tests will extend com.example.FooBase.

Invoking generated tests

To ensure that provider side is complaint with defined contracts, you need to invoke:

./gradlew generateContractTests test
Spring Cloud Contract Verifier on consumer side

In consumer service you need to configure Spring Cloud Contract Verifier plugin in exactly the same way as in case of provider. If you don’t want to use Stub Runner then you need to copy contracts stored in src/test/resources/contracts and generate WireMock json stubs using:

./gradlew generateClientStubs

Note that stubsOutputDir option has to be set for stub generation to work.

When present, json stubs can be used in consumer automated tests.

@ContextConfiguration(loader == SpringApplicationContextLoader, classes == Application)
class LoanApplicationServiceSpec extends Specification {

 @ClassRule
 @Shared
 WireMockClassRule wireMockRule == new WireMockClassRule()

 @Autowired
 LoanApplicationService sut

 def 'should successfully apply for loan'() {
   given:
 	LoanApplication application =
			new LoanApplication(client: new Client(clientPesel: '12345678901'), amount: 123.123)
   when:
	LoanApplicationResult loanApplication == sut.loanApplication(application)
   then:
	loanApplication.loanApplicationStatus == LoanApplicationStatus.LOAN_APPLIED
	loanApplication.rejectionReason == null
 }
}

Underneath LoanApplication makes a call to FraudDetection service. This request is handled by WireMock server configured using stubs generated by Spring Cloud Contract Verifier.

Using in your Maven project

Add maven plugin

Add the Spring Cloud Contract BOM

<dependencyManagement>
	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-cloud-dependencies</artifactId>
			<version>${spring-cloud-dependencies.version}</version>
			<type>pom</type>
			<scope>import</scope>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>

Next, the Spring Cloud Contract Verifier Maven plugin

<plugin>
	<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin</artifactId>
	<version>${spring-cloud-contract.version}</version>
	<extensions>true</extensions>
	<configuration>
		<packageWithBaseClasses>com.example.fraud</packageWithBaseClasses>
	</configuration>
</plugin>

You can read more in the Spring Cloud Contract Maven Plugin Docs

Maven and Rest Assured 3.0

By default Rest Assured 2.x is added to the classpath. However in order to give the users the opportunity to use Rest Assured 3.x it’s enough to add it to the plugins classpath.

<plugin>
    <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>${spring-cloud-contract.version}</version>
    <extensions>true</extensions>
    <configuration>
        <packageWithBaseClasses>com.example</packageWithBaseClasses>
    </configuration>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-verifier</artifactId>
            <version>${spring-cloud-contract.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
           <groupId>io.rest-assured</groupId>
           <artifactId>rest-assured</artifactId>
           <version>3.0.2</version>
           <scope>compile</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
           <groupId>io.rest-assured</groupId>
           <artifactId>spring-mock-mvc</artifactId>
           <version>3.0.2</version>
           <scope>compile</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</plugin>

<dependencies>
    <!-- all dependencies -->
    <!-- you can exclude rest-assured from spring-cloud-contract-verifier -->
    <dependency>
       <groupId>io.rest-assured</groupId>
       <artifactId>rest-assured</artifactId>
       <version>3.0.2</version>
       <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
       <groupId>io.rest-assured</groupId>
       <artifactId>spring-mock-mvc</artifactId>
       <version>3.0.2</version>
       <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

That way the plugin will automatically see that Rest Assured 3.x is present on the classpath and will modify the imports accordingly.

Snapshot versions for Maven

For Snapshot / Milestone versions you have to add the following section to your pom.xml

<repositories>
	<repository>
		<id>spring-snapshots</id>
		<name>Spring Snapshots</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/snapshot</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>true</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</repository>
	<repository>
		<id>spring-milestones</id>
		<name>Spring Milestones</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/milestone</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>false</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</repository>
	<repository>
		<id>spring-releases</id>
		<name>Spring Releases</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/release</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>false</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</repository>
</repositories>
<pluginRepositories>
	<pluginRepository>
		<id>spring-snapshots</id>
		<name>Spring Snapshots</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/snapshot</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>true</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</pluginRepository>
	<pluginRepository>
		<id>spring-milestones</id>
		<name>Spring Milestones</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/milestone</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>false</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</pluginRepository>
	<pluginRepository>
		<id>spring-releases</id>
		<name>Spring Releases</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/release</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>false</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</pluginRepository>
</pluginRepositories>
Add stubs

By default Spring Cloud Contract Verifier is looking for stubs in src/test/resources/contracts directory. Directory containing stub definitions is treated as a class name, and each stub definition is treated as a single test. We assume that it contains at least one directory which will be used as test class name. If there is more than one level of nested directories all except the last one will be used as package name. So with following structure

src/test/resources/contracts/myservice/shouldCreateUser.groovy
src/test/resources/contracts/myservice/shouldReturnUser.groovy

Spring Cloud Contract Verifier will create test class defaultBasePackage.MyService with two methods - shouldCreateUser() - shouldReturnUser()

Run plugin

Plugin goal generateTests is assigned to be invoked in phase generate-test-sources. You have nothing to do as long as you want it to be part of your build process. If you just want to generate tests please invoke generateTests goal.

Configure plugin

To change default configuration just add configuration section to plugin definition or execution definition.

<plugin>
    <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin</artifactId>
    <executions>
        <execution>
            <goals>
                <goal>convert</goal>
                <goal>generateStubs</goal>
                <goal>generateTests</goal>
            </goals>
        </execution>
    </executions>
    <configuration>
        <basePackageForTests>org.springframework.cloud.verifier.twitter.place</basePackageForTests>
        <baseClassForTests>org.springframework.cloud.verifier.twitter.place.BaseMockMvcSpec</baseClassForTests>
    </configuration>
</plugin>
Important configuration options
  • testMode - defines mode for acceptance tests. By default MockMvc which is based on Spring’s MockMvc. It can also be changed to JaxRsClient or to Explicit for real HTTP calls.

  • basePackageForTests - specifies base package for all generated tests. By default set to org.springframework.cloud.verifier.tests.

  • ruleClassForTests - specifies Rule which should be added to generated test classes.

  • baseClassForTests - base class for generated tests. By default spock.lang.Specification if using Spock tests.

  • contractsDir - directory containing contracts written using the GroovyDSL. By default /src/test/resources/contracts.

  • testFramework - the target test framework to be used; currently Spock and JUnit are supported with JUnit being the default framework

  • packageWithBaseClasses - instead of providing a fixed value for base class you can provide a package where all the base classes lay. The convention is such that if you have a contract under src/test/resources/contract/foo/bar/baz/ and provide the value of this property to com.example.base then we will assume that there is a BarBazBase class under com.example.base package. Takes precedence over baseClassForTests

  • baseClassMappings - list of base class mappings that where you have to provide contractPackageRegex which is checked against the package in which the contract lays and baseClassFQN that maps to fully qualified name of the base class for the matched contract. If you have a contract under src/test/resources/contract/foo/bar/baz/ and map the property .*com.example.base.BaseClass then the test class generated from these contracts will extend com.example.base.BaseClass. Takes precedence over packageWithBaseClasses and baseClassForTests.

If you want to download your contract definitions from a Maven repository you can use

  • contractsRepositoryUrl - URL to a repo with the artifacts with contracts, if not provided should use the current Maven ones

  • contractDependency - the contract dependency that contains all the packaged contracts

  • contractsPath - path to concrete contracts in the JAR with packaged contracts. Defaults to groupid/artifactid where gropuid is slash separated.

  • contractsWorkOffline - if the dependencies should be downloaded or local Maven only should be reused

For complete information take a look at Plugin Documentation

Single base class for all tests

When using Spring Cloud Contract Verifier in default MockMvc you need to create a base specification for all generated acceptance tests. In this class you need to point to endpoint which should be verified.

package org.mycompany.tests

import org.mycompany.ExampleSpringController
import com.jayway.restassured.module.mockmvc.RestAssuredMockMvc
import spock.lang.Specification

class  MvcSpec extends Specification {
  def setup() {
   RestAssuredMockMvc.standaloneSetup(new ExampleSpringController())
  }
}

In case of using Explicit mode, you can use base class to initialize the whole tested app similarly as in regular integration tests. In case of JAXRSCLIENT mode this base class should also contain protected WebTarget webTarget field, right now the only option to test JAX-RS API is to start a web server.

Different base classes for contracts

If your base classes differ between contracts you can tell the Spring Cloud Contract plugin which class should get extended by the autogenerated tests. You have two options:

  • follow a convention by providing the packageWithBaseClasses

  • provide explicit mapping via baseClassMappings

Convention

The convention is such that if you have a contract under e.g. src/test/resources/contract/hello/v1/ and provide the value of the packageWithBaseClasses property to hello then we will assume that there is a HelloV1Base class under hello package. In other words we take last two parts of package if they exist and form a class with a Base suffix. Takes precedence over baseClassForTests. Example of usage:

<plugin>
	<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin</artifactId>
	<configuration>
		<packageWithBaseClasses>hello</packageWithBaseClasses>
	</configuration>
</plugin>

Mapping

You can manually map a regular expression of the contract’s package to fully qualified name of the base class for the matched contract. You have to provide a list baseClassMappings of baseClassMapping that takes a contractPackageRegex to baseClassFQN mapping. Let’s take a look at the following example:

<plugin>
	<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin</artifactId>
	<configuration>
		<baseClassForTests>com.example.FooBase</baseClassForTests>
		<baseClassMappings>
			<baseClassMapping>
				<contractPackageRegex>.*com.*</contractPackageRegex>
				<baseClassFQN>com.example.TestBase</baseClassFQN>
			</baseClassMapping>
		</baseClassMappings>
	</configuration>
</plugin>

Let’s assume that you have contracts under - src/test/resources/contract/com/ - src/test/resources/contract/foo/

By providing the baseClassForTests we have a fallback in case mapping didn’t succeed (you could also provide the packageWithBaseClasses as fallback). That way the tests generated from src/test/resources/contract/com/ contracts will be extending the com.example.ComBase whereas the rest of tests will extend com.example.FooBase.

Invoking generated tests

Spring Cloud Contract Maven Plugin generates verification code into directory /generated-test-sources/contractVerifier and attach this directory to testCompile goal.

For Groovy Spock code use:

<plugin>
	<groupId>org.codehaus.gmavenplus</groupId>
	<artifactId>gmavenplus-plugin</artifactId>
	<version>1.5</version>
	<executions>
		<execution>
			<goals>
				<goal>testCompile</goal>
			</goals>
		</execution>
	</executions>
	<configuration>
		<testSources>
			<testSource>
				<directory>${project.basedir}/src/test/groovy</directory>
				<includes>
					<include>**/*.groovy</include>
				</includes>
			</testSource>
			<testSource>
				<directory>${project.build.directory}/generated-test-sources/contractVerifier</directory>
				<includes>
					<include>**/*.groovy</include>
				</includes>
			</testSource>
		</testSources>
	</configuration>
</plugin>

To ensure that provider side is complaint with defined contracts, you need to invoke mvn generateTest test

FAQ with Maven Plugin
Maven Plugin and STS

In case you see the following exception while using STS

STS Exception

when you click on the marker you should see sth like this

 plugin:1.1.0.M1:convert:default-convert:process-test-resources) org.apache.maven.plugin.PluginExecutionException: Execution default-convert of goal org.springframework.cloud:spring-
 cloud-contract-maven-plugin:1.1.0.M1:convert failed. at org.apache.maven.plugin.DefaultBuildPluginManager.executeMojo(DefaultBuildPluginManager.java:145) at
 org.eclipse.m2e.core.internal.embedder.MavenImpl.execute(MavenImpl.java:331) at org.eclipse.m2e.core.internal.embedder.MavenImpl$11.call(MavenImpl.java:1362) at
...
 org.eclipse.core.internal.jobs.Worker.run(Worker.java:55) Caused by: java.lang.NullPointerException at
 org.eclipse.m2e.core.internal.builder.plexusbuildapi.EclipseIncrementalBuildContext.hasDelta(EclipseIncrementalBuildContext.java:53) at
 org.sonatype.plexus.build.incremental.ThreadBuildContext.hasDelta(ThreadBuildContext.java:59) at

In order to fix this issue just provide the following section in your pom.xml

<build>
    <pluginManagement>
        <plugins>
            <!--This plugin's configuration is used to store Eclipse m2e settings
                only. It has no influence on the Maven build itself. -->
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.eclipse.m2e</groupId>
                <artifactId>lifecycle-mapping</artifactId>
                <version>1.0.0</version>
                <configuration>
                    <lifecycleMappingMetadata>
                        <pluginExecutions>
                             <pluginExecution>
                                <pluginExecutionFilter>
                                    <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
                                    <artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin</artifactId>
                                    <versionRange>[1.0,)</versionRange>
                                    <goals>
                                        <goal>convert</goal>
                                    </goals>
                                </pluginExecutionFilter>
                                <action>
                                    <execute />
                                </action>
                             </pluginExecution>
                        </pluginExecutions>
                    </lifecycleMappingMetadata>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </pluginManagement>
</build>
Spring Cloud Contract Verifier on consumer side

You can actually use the Spring Cloud Contract Verifier also for the consumer side! You can use the plugin so that it only converts the contracts and generates the stubs. To achieve that you need to configure Spring Cloud Contract Verifier plugin in exactly the same way as in case of provider. You need to copy contracts stored in src/test/resources/contracts and generate WireMock json stubs using: mvn generateStubs command. By default generated WireMock mapping is stored in directory target/mappings. Your project should create from this generated mappings additional artifact with classifier stubs for easy deploy to maven repository.

Sample configuration:

<plugin>
    <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>${verifier-plugin.version}</version>
    <executions>
        <execution>
            <goals>
                <goal>convert</goal>
                <goal>generateStubs</goal>
            </goals>
        </execution>
    </executions>
</plugin>

When present, json stubs can be used in consumer automated tests.

@RunWith(SpringTestRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
@AutoConfigureStubRunner
public class LoanApplicationServiceTests {

  @Autowired
  LoanApplicationService service;

  @Test
  public void shouldSuccessfullyApplyForLoan() {
    //given:
 	LoanApplication application =
			new LoanApplication(new Client("12345678901"), 123.123);
    //when:
	LoanApplicationResult loanApplication = service.loanApplication(application);
    // then:
	assertThat(loanApplication.loanApplicationStatus).isEqualTo(LoanApplicationStatus.LOAN_APPLIED);
	assertThat(loanApplication.rejectionReason).isNull();
  }
}

Underneath LoanApplication makes a call to the FraudDetection service. This request is handled by a WireMock server configured using stubs generated by Spring Cloud Contract Verifier.

Scenarios

It’s possible to handle scenarios with Spring Cloud Contract Verifier. All you need to do is to stick to proper naming convention while creating your contracts. The convention requires to include order number followed by the underscore.

my_contracts_dir\
  scenario1\
    1_login.groovy
    2_showCart.groovy
    3_logout.groovy

Such tree will cause Spring Cloud Contract Verifier generating WireMock’s scenario with name scenario1 and three steps:

  • login marked as Started pointing to:

  • showCart marked as Step1 pointing to:

  • logout marked as Step2 which will close the scenario.

More details about WireMock scenarios can be found under http://wiremock.org/stateful-behaviour.html

Spring Cloud Contract Verifier will also generate tests with guaranteed order of execution.

Stubs and transitive dependencies

The Maven and Gradle plugin that we’re created are adding the tasks that create the stubs jar for you. What can be problematic is that when reusing the stubs you can by mistake import all of that stub dependencies! When building a Maven artifact even though you have a couple of different jars, all of them share one pom:

├── github-webhook-0.0.1.BUILD-20160903.075506-1-stubs.jar
├── github-webhook-0.0.1.BUILD-20160903.075506-1-stubs.jar.sha1
├── github-webhook-0.0.1.BUILD-20160903.075655-2-stubs.jar
├── github-webhook-0.0.1.BUILD-20160903.075655-2-stubs.jar.sha1
├── github-webhook-0.0.1.BUILD-SNAPSHOT.jar
├── github-webhook-0.0.1.BUILD-SNAPSHOT.pom
├── github-webhook-0.0.1.BUILD-SNAPSHOT-stubs.jar
├── ...
└── ...

There are three possibilities of working with those dependencies so as not to have any issues with transitive dependencies.

Mark all application dependencies as optional

If in the github-webhook application we would mark all of our dependencies as optional, when you include the github-webhook stubs in another application (or when that dependency gets downloaded by Stub Runner) then, since all of the depenencies are optional, they will not get downloaded.

Create a separate artifactid for stubs

If you create a separate artifactid then you can set it up in whatever way you wish. For example by having no dependencies at all.

Exclude dependencies on the consumer side

As a consumer, if you add the stub dependency to your classpath you can explicitly exclude the unwanted dependencies.

Spring Cloud Contract Verifier Messaging

Spring Cloud Contract Verifier allows you to verify your application that uses messaging as means of communication. All of our integrations are working with Spring but you can also create one yourself and use it.

Integrations

You can use one of the four integration configurations:

  • Apache Camel

  • Spring Integration

  • Spring Cloud Stream

  • Spring AMQP

Since we’re using Spring Boot then if you have added one of the aforementioned libraries to the classpath then automatically all the messaging configuration will be set up.

Important
Remember to put @AutoConfigureMessageVerifier on the base class of your generated tests. Otherwise messaging part of Spring Cloud Contract Verifier will not work.

Manual Integration Testing

The main interface used by the tests is the org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.messaging.MessageVerifier. It defines how to send and receive messages. You can create your own implementation to achieve the same goal.

In the a test you can inject a ContractVerifierMessageExchange to send and receive messages that follow the contract. Then add @AutoConfigureMessageVerifier to your test, e.g.

@RunWith(SpringTestRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
@AutoConfigureMessageVerifier
public static class MessagingContractTests {

  @Autowired
  private MessageVerifier verifier;
  ...
}
Note
If your tests require stubs as well, then @AutoConfigureStubRunner includes the messaging configuration, so you only need the one annotation.

Publisher side test generation

Having the input or outputMessage sections in your DSL will result in creation of tests on the publisher’s side. By default JUnit tests will be created, however there is also a possibility to create Spock tests.

There are 3 main scenarios that we should take into consideration:

  • Scenario 1: there is no input message that produces an output one. The output message is triggered by a component inside the application (e.g. scheduler)

  • Scenario 2: the input message triggers an output message

  • Scenario 3: the input message is consumed and there is no output message

Scenario 1 (no input message)

For the given contract:

def contractDsl = Contract.make {
	label 'some_label'
	input {
		triggeredBy('bookReturnedTriggered()')
	}
	outputMessage {
		sentTo('activemq:output')
		body('''{ "bookName" : "foo" }''')
		headers {
			header('BOOK-NAME', 'foo')
		}
	}
}

The following JUnit test will be created:

'''
 // when:
  bookReturnedTriggered();

 // then:
  ContractVerifierMessage response = contractVerifierMessaging.receive("activemq:output");
  assertThat(response).isNotNull();
  assertThat(response.getHeader("BOOK-NAME")).isEqualTo("foo");
 // and:
  DocumentContext parsedJson = JsonPath.parse(contractVerifierObjectMapper.writeValueAsString(response.getPayload()));
  assertThatJson(parsedJson).field("bookName").isEqualTo("foo");
'''

And the following Spock test would be created:

'''
 when:
  bookReturnedTriggered()

 then:
  ContractVerifierMessage response = contractVerifierMessaging.receive('activemq:output')
  assert response != null
  response.getHeader('BOOK-NAME')  == 'foo'
 and:
  DocumentContext parsedJson = JsonPath.parse(contractVerifierObjectMapper.writeValueAsString(response.payload))
  assertThatJson(parsedJson).field("bookName").isEqualTo("foo")

'''
Scenario 2 (output triggered by input)

For the given contract:

def contractDsl = Contract.make {
	label 'some_label'
	input {
		messageFrom('jms:input')
		messageBody([
				bookName: 'foo'
		])
		messageHeaders {
			header('sample', 'header')
		}
	}
	outputMessage {
		sentTo('jms:output')
		body([
				bookName: 'foo'
		])
		headers {
			header('BOOK-NAME', 'foo')
		}
	}
}

The following JUnit test will be created:

'''
// given:
 ContractVerifierMessage inputMessage = contractVerifierMessaging.create(
  "{\\"bookName\\":\\"foo\\"}"
, headers()
  .header("sample", "header"));

// when:
 contractVerifierMessaging.send(inputMessage, "jms:input");

// then:
 ContractVerifierMessage response = contractVerifierMessaging.receive("jms:output");
 assertThat(response).isNotNull();
 assertThat(response.getHeader("BOOK-NAME")).isEqualTo("foo");
// and:
 DocumentContext parsedJson = JsonPath.parse(contractVerifierObjectMapper.writeValueAsString(response.getPayload()));
 assertThatJson(parsedJson).field("bookName").isEqualTo("foo");
'''

And the following Spock test would be created:

"""\
given:
   ContractVerifierMessage inputMessage = contractVerifierMessaging.create(
    '''{"bookName":"foo"}''',
    ['sample': 'header']
  )

when:
   contractVerifierMessaging.send(inputMessage, 'jms:input')

then:
   ContractVerifierMessage response = contractVerifierMessaging.receive('jms:output')
   assert response !- null
   response.getHeader('BOOK-NAME')  == 'foo'
and:
   DocumentContext parsedJson = JsonPath.parse(contractVerifierObjectMapper.writeValueAsString(response.payload))
   assertThatJson(parsedJson).field("bookName").isEqualTo("foo")
"""
Scenario 3 (no output message)

For the given contract:

def contractDsl = Contract.make {
	label 'some_label'
	input {
		messageFrom('jms:delete')
		messageBody([
				bookName: 'foo'
		])
		messageHeaders {
			header('sample', 'header')
		}
		assertThat('bookWasDeleted()')
	}
}

The following JUnit test will be created:

'''
// given:
 ContractVerifierMessage inputMessage = contractVerifierMessaging.create(
	"{\\"bookName\\":\\"foo\\"}"
, headers()
	.header("sample", "header"));

// when:
 contractVerifierMessaging.send(inputMessage, "jms:delete");

// then:
 bookWasDeleted();
'''

And the following Spock test would be created:

'''
given:
	 ContractVerifierMessage inputMessage = contractVerifierMessaging.create(
		\'\'\'{"bookName":"foo"}\'\'\',
		['sample': 'header']
	)

when:
	 contractVerifierMessaging.send(inputMessage, 'jms:delete')

then:
	 noExceptionThrown()
	 bookWasDeleted()
'''

Consumer Stub Side generation

Unlike the HTTP part - in Messaging we need to publish the Groovy DSL inside the JAR with a stub. Then it’s parsed on the consumer side and proper stubbed routes are created.

For more information please consult the Stub Runner Messaging sections.

Maven
<dependencies>
	<dependency>
		<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
		<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-stream-rabbit</artifactId>
	</dependency>

	<dependency>
		<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
		<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-contract-stub-runner</artifactId>
		<scope>test</scope>
	</dependency>
	<dependency>
		<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
		<artifactId>spring-cloud-stream-test-support</artifactId>
		<scope>test</scope>
	</dependency>
</dependencies>

<dependencyManagement>
	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-cloud-dependencies</artifactId>
			<version>Dalston.BUILD-SNAPSHOT</version>
			<type>pom</type>
			<scope>import</scope>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>
Gradle
ext {
	contractsDir = file("mappings")
	stubsOutputDirRoot = file("${project.buildDir}/production/${project.name}-stubs/")
}

// Automatically added by plugin:
// copyContracts - copies contracts to the output folder from which JAR will be created
// verifierStubsJar - JAR with a provided stub suffix
// the presented publication is also added by the plugin but you can modify it as you wish

publishing {
	publications {
		stubs(MavenPublication) {
			artifactId "${project.name}-stubs"
			artifact verifierStubsJar
		}
	}
}

Spring Cloud Contract Stub Runner

One of the issues that you could have encountered while using Spring Cloud Contract Verifier was to pass the generated WireMock JSON stubs from the server side to the client side (or various clients). The same takes place in terms of client side generation for messaging.

Copying the JSON files / setting the client side for messaging manually is out of the question.

That’s why we’ll introduce Spring Cloud Contract Stub Runner that can download and run the stubs automatically for you.

Snapshot versions

Add the additional snapshot repository to your build.gradle to use snapshot versions which are automatically uploaded after every successful build:

Maven
<repositories>
	<repository>
		<id>spring-snapshots</id>
		<name>Spring Snapshots</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/snapshot</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>true</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</repository>
	<repository>
		<id>spring-milestones</id>
		<name>Spring Milestones</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/milestone</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>false</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</repository>
	<repository>
		<id>spring-releases</id>
		<name>Spring Releases</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/release</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>false</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</repository>
</repositories>
<pluginRepositories>
	<pluginRepository>
		<id>spring-snapshots</id>
		<name>Spring Snapshots</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/snapshot</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>true</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</pluginRepository>
	<pluginRepository>
		<id>spring-milestones</id>
		<name>Spring Milestones</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/milestone</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>false</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</pluginRepository>
	<pluginRepository>
		<id>spring-releases</id>
		<name>Spring Releases</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/release</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>false</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</pluginRepository>
</pluginRepositories>
Gradle
buildscript {
	repositories {
		mavenCentral()
		mavenLocal()
		maven { url "http://repo.spring.io/snapshot" }
		maven { url "http://repo.spring.io/milestone" }
		maven { url "http://repo.spring.io/release" }
	}

Publishing stubs as JARs

The easiest approach would be to centralize the way stubs are kept. For example you can keep them as JARs in a Maven repository.

Tip
For both Maven and Gradle the setup comes out of the box. But you can customize it if you want to.
Maven
<!-- First disable the default jar setup in the properties section-->
<!-- we don't want the verifier to do a jar for us -->
<spring.cloud.contract.verifier.skip>true</spring.cloud.contract.verifier.skip>

<!-- Next add the assembly plugin to your build -->
<plugin>
	<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
	<artifactId>maven-assembly-plugin</artifactId>
	<executions>
		<execution>
			<id>stub</id>
			<phase>prepare-package</phase>
			<goals>
				<goal>single</goal>
			</goals>
			<inherited>false</inherited>
			<configuration>
				<attach>true</attach>
				<descriptor>${basedir}/src/assembly/stub.xml</descriptor>
			</configuration>
		</execution>
	</executions>
</plugin>

<!-- Finally setup your assembly. Below you can find the contents of src/main/assembly/stub.xml -->
<assembly
	xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/plugins/maven-assembly-plugin/assembly/1.1.3"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/plugins/maven-assembly-plugin/assembly/1.1.3 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/assembly-1.1.3.xsd">
	<id>stubs</id>
	<formats>
		<format>jar</format>
	</formats>
	<includeBaseDirectory>false</includeBaseDirectory>
	<fileSets>
		<fileSet>
			<directory>src/main/java</directory>
			<outputDirectory>/</outputDirectory>
			<includes>
				<include>**com/example/model/*.*</include>
			</includes>
		</fileSet>
		<fileSet>
			<directory>${project.build.directory}/classes</directory>
			<outputDirectory>/</outputDirectory>
			<includes>
				<include>**com/example/model/*.*</include>
			</includes>
		</fileSet>
		<fileSet>
			<directory>${project.build.directory}/snippets/stubs</directory>
			<outputDirectory>META-INF/${project.groupId}/${project.artifactId}/${project.version}/mappings</outputDirectory>
			<includes>
				<include>**/*</include>
			</includes>
		</fileSet>
		<fileSet>
			<directory>${basedir}/src/test/resources/contracts</directory>
			<outputDirectory>META-INF/${project.groupId}/${project.artifactId}/${project.version}/contracts</outputDirectory>
			<includes>
				<include>**/*.groovy</include>
			</includes>
		</fileSet>
	</fileSets>
</assembly>
Gradle
ext {
	contractsDir = file("mappings")
	stubsOutputDirRoot = file("${project.buildDir}/production/${project.name}-stubs/")
}

// Automatically added by plugin:
// copyContracts - copies contracts to the output folder from which JAR will be created
// verifierStubsJar - JAR with a provided stub suffix
// the presented publication is also added by the plugin but you can modify it as you wish

publishing {
	publications {
		stubs(MavenPublication) {
			artifactId "${project.name}-stubs"
			artifact verifierStubsJar
		}
	}
}

Modules

Stub Runner Core

Runs stubs for service collaborators. Treating stubs as contracts of services allows to use stub-runner as an implementation of Consumer Driven Contracts.

Stub Runner allows you to automatically download the stubs of the provided dependencies, start WireMock servers for them and feed them with proper stub definitions. For messaging, special stub routes are defined.

Running stubs

Limitations
Important
There might be a problem with StubRunner shutting down ports between tests. You might have a situation in which you get port conflicts. As long as you use the same context across tests everything works fine. But when the context are different (e.g. different stubs or different profiles) then you have to either use @DirtiesContext to shut down the stub servers, or else run them on different ports per test.
Running using main app

You can set the following options to the main class:

-c, --classifier                Suffix for the jar containing stubs (e.
                                  g. 'stubs' if the stub jar would
                                  have a 'stubs' classifier for stubs:
                                  foobar-stubs ). Defaults to 'stubs'
                                  (default: stubs)
--maxPort, --maxp <Integer>     Maximum port value to be assigned to
                                  the WireMock instance. Defaults to
                                  15000 (default: 15000)
--minPort, --minp <Integer>     Minimum port value to be assigned to
                                  the WireMock instance. Defaults to
                                  10000 (default: 10000)
-p, --password                  Password to user when connecting to
                                  repository
--phost, --proxyHost            Proxy host to use for repository
                                  requests
--pport, --proxyPort [Integer]  Proxy port to use for repository
                                  requests
-r, --root                      Location of a Jar containing server
                                  where you keep your stubs (e.g. http:
                                  //nexus.
                                  net/content/repositories/repository)
-s, --stubs                     Comma separated list of Ivy
                                  representation of jars with stubs.
                                  Eg. groupid:artifactid1,groupid2:
                                  artifactid2:classifier
-u, --username                  Username to user when connecting to
                                  repository
--wo, --workOffline             Switch to work offline. Defaults to
                                  'false'
HTTP Stubs

Stubs are defined in JSON documents, whose syntax is defined in WireMock documentation

Example:

{
    "request": {
        "method": "GET",
        "url": "/ping"
    },
    "response": {
        "status": 200,
        "body": "pong",
        "headers": {
            "Content-Type": "text/plain"
        }
    }
}
Viewing registered mappings

Every stubbed collaborator exposes list of defined mappings under __/admin/ endpoint.

Messaging Stubs

Depending on the provided Stub Runner dependency and the DSL the messaging routes are automatically set up.

Stub Runner JUnit Rule

Stub Runner comes with a JUnit rule thanks to which you can very easily download and run stubs for given group and artifact id:

@ClassRule public static StubRunnerRule rule = new StubRunnerRule()
		.repoRoot(repoRoot())
		.downloadStub("org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs", "loanIssuance")
		.downloadStub("org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:fraudDetectionServer");

After that rule gets executed Stub Runner connects to your Maven repository and for the given list of dependencies tries to:

  • download them

  • cache them locally

  • unzip them to a temporary folder

  • start a WireMock server for each Maven dependency on a random port from the provided range of ports / provided port

  • feed the WireMock server with all JSON files that are valid WireMock definitions

Stub Runner uses Eclipse Aether mechanism to download the Maven dependencies. Check their docs for more information.

Since the StubRunnerRule implements the StubFinder it allows you to find the started stubs:

package org.springframework.cloud.contract.stubrunner;

import java.net.URL;
import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.Map;

import org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract;

public interface StubFinder extends StubTrigger {
	/**
	 * For the given groupId and artifactId tries to find the matching
	 * URL of the running stub.
	 *
	 * @param groupId - might be null. In that case a search only via artifactId takes place
	 * @return URL of a running stub or throws exception if not found
	 */
	URL findStubUrl(String groupId, String artifactId) throws StubNotFoundException;

	/**
	 * For the given Ivy notation [email protected] [groupId]:artifactId:[version]:[classifier]} tries to
	 * find the matching URL of the running stub. You can also pass only [email protected] artifactId}.
	 *
	 * @param ivyNotation - Ivy representation of the Maven artifact
	 * @return URL of a running stub or throws exception if not found
	 */
	URL findStubUrl(String ivyNotation) throws StubNotFoundException;

	/**
	 * Returns all running stubs
	 */
	RunningStubs findAllRunningStubs();

	/**
	 * Returns the list of Contracts
	 */
	Map<StubConfiguration, Collection<Contract>> getContracts();
}

Example of usage in Spock tests:

@ClassRule @Shared StubRunnerRule rule = new StubRunnerRule()
		.repoRoot(StubRunnerRuleSpec.getResource("/m2repo/repository").toURI().toString())
		.downloadStub("org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs", "loanIssuance")
		.downloadStub("org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:fraudDetectionServer")

def 'should start WireMock servers'() {
	expect: 'WireMocks are running'
		rule.findStubUrl('org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs', 'loanIssuance') != null
		rule.findStubUrl('loanIssuance') != null
		rule.findStubUrl('loanIssuance') == rule.findStubUrl('org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs', 'loanIssuance')
		rule.findStubUrl('org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:fraudDetectionServer') != null
	and:
		rule.findAllRunningStubs().isPresent('loanIssuance')
		rule.findAllRunningStubs().isPresent('org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs', 'fraudDetectionServer')
		rule.findAllRunningStubs().isPresent('org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:fraudDetectionServer')
	and: 'Stubs were registered'
		"${rule.findStubUrl('loanIssuance').toString()}/name".toURL().text == 'loanIssuance'
		"${rule.findStubUrl('fraudDetectionServer').toString()}/name".toURL().text == 'fraudDetectionServer'
}

Example of usage in JUnit tests:

@Test
public void should_start_wiremock_servers() throws Exception {
	// expect: 'WireMocks are running'
		then(rule.findStubUrl("org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs", "loanIssuance")).isNotNull();
		then(rule.findStubUrl("loanIssuance")).isNotNull();
		then(rule.findStubUrl("loanIssuance")).isEqualTo(rule.findStubUrl("org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs", "loanIssuance"));
		then(rule.findStubUrl("org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:fraudDetectionServer")).isNotNull();
	// and:
		then(rule.findAllRunningStubs().isPresent("loanIssuance")).isTrue();
		then(rule.findAllRunningStubs().isPresent("org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs", "fraudDetectionServer")).isTrue();
		then(rule.findAllRunningStubs().isPresent("org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:fraudDetectionServer")).isTrue();
	// and: 'Stubs were registered'
		then(httpGet(rule.findStubUrl("loanIssuance").toString() + "/name")).isEqualTo("loanIssuance");
		then(httpGet(rule.findStubUrl("fraudDetectionServer").toString() + "/name")).isEqualTo("fraudDetectionServer");
}

Check the Common properties for JUnit and Spring for more information on how to apply global configuration of Stub Runner.

Maven settings

The stub downloader honors Maven settings for a different local repository folder. Authentication details for repositories and profiles are currently not taken into account, so you need to specify it using the properties mentioned above.

Providing fixed ports

You can also run your stubs on fixed ports. You can do it in two different ways. One is to pass it in the properties, and the other via fluent API of JUnit rule.

Fluent API

When using the StubRunnerRule you can add a stub to download and then pass the port for the last downloaded stub.

@ClassRule public static StubRunnerRule rule = new StubRunnerRule()
		.repoRoot(repoRoot())
		.downloadStub("org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs", "loanIssuance")
		.withPort(12345)
		.downloadStub("org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:fraudDetectionServer:12346");

You can see that for this example the following test is valid:

then(rule.findStubUrl("loanIssuance")).isEqualTo(URI.create("http://localhost:12345").toURL());
then(rule.findStubUrl("fraudDetectionServer")).isEqualTo(URI.create("http://localhost:12346").toURL());

Stub Runner with Spring

Sets up Spring configuration of the Stub Runner project.

By providing a list of stubs inside your configuration file the Stub Runner automatically downloads and registers in WireMock the selected stubs.

If you want to find the URL of your stubbed dependency you can autowire the StubFinder interface and use its methods as presented below:

@ContextConfiguration(classes = Config, loader = SpringBootContextLoader)
@SpringBootTest(properties = [" stubrunner.cloud.enabled=false",
		"stubrunner.camel.enabled=false",
		'foo=${stubrunner.runningstubs.fraudDetectionServer.port}'])
@AutoConfigureStubRunner
@DirtiesContext
@ActiveProfiles("test")
class StubRunnerConfigurationSpec extends Specification {

	@Autowired StubFinder stubFinder
	@Autowired Environment environment
	@Value('${foo}') Integer foo

	@BeforeClass
	@AfterClass
	void setupProps() {
		System.clearProperty("stubrunner.repository.root")
		System.clearProperty("stubrunner.classifier")
	}

	def 'should start WireMock servers'() {
		expect: 'WireMocks are running'
			stubFinder.findStubUrl('org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs', 'loanIssuance') != null
			stubFinder.findStubUrl('loanIssuance') != null
			stubFinder.findStubUrl('loanIssuance') == stubFinder.findStubUrl('org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs', 'loanIssuance')
			stubFinder.findStubUrl('loanIssuance') == stubFinder.findStubUrl('org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:loanIssuance')
			stubFinder.findStubUrl('org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:loanIssuance:0.0.1-SNAPSHOT') == stubFinder.findStubUrl('org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:loanIssuance:0.0.1-SNAPSHOT:stubs')
			stubFinder.findStubUrl('org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:fraudDetectionServer') != null
		and:
			stubFinder.findAllRunningStubs().isPresent('loanIssuance')
			stubFinder.findAllRunningStubs().isPresent('org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs', 'fraudDetectionServer')
			stubFinder.findAllRunningStubs().isPresent('org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:fraudDetectionServer')
		and: 'Stubs were registered'
			"${stubFinder.findStubUrl('loanIssuance').toString()}/name".toURL().text == 'loanIssuance'
			"${stubFinder.findStubUrl('fraudDetectionServer').toString()}/name".toURL().text == 'fraudDetectionServer'
	}

	def 'should throw an exception when stub is not found'() {
		when:
			stubFinder.findStubUrl('nonExistingService')
		then:
			thrown(StubNotFoundException)
		when:
			stubFinder.findStubUrl('nonExistingGroupId', 'nonExistingArtifactId')
		then:
			thrown(StubNotFoundException)
	}

	def 'should register started servers as environment variables'() {
		expect:
			environment.getProperty("stubrunner.runningstubs.loanIssuance.port") != null
			stubFinder.findAllRunningStubs().getPort("loanIssuance") == (environment.getProperty("stubrunner.runningstubs.loanIssuance.port") as Integer)
		and:
			environment.getProperty("stubrunner.runningstubs.fraudDetectionServer.port") != null
			stubFinder.findAllRunningStubs().getPort("fraudDetectionServer") == (environment.getProperty("stubrunner.runningstubs.fraudDetectionServer.port") as Integer)
	}

	def 'should be able to interpolate a running stub in the passed test property'() {
		given:
			int fraudPort = stubFinder.findAllRunningStubs().getPort("fraudDetectionServer")
		expect:
			fraudPort > 0
			environment.getProperty("foo", Integer) == fraudPort
			foo == fraudPort
	}

	@Configuration
	@EnableAutoConfiguration
	static class Config {}
}

for the following configuration file:

stubrunner:
  repositoryRoot: classpath:m2repo/repository/
  ids:
    - org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:loanIssuance
    - org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:fraudDetectionServer
    - org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:bootService
  cloud:
    enabled: false
  camel:
    enabled: false

spring.cloud:
  consul.enabled: false
  service-registry.enabled: false

Instead of using the properties you can also use the properties inside the @AutoConfigureStubRunner. Below you can find an example of achieving the same result by setting values on the annotation.

@AutoConfigureStubRunner(
		ids = ["org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:loanIssuance",
		"org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:fraudDetectionServer",
		"org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:bootService"],
		repositoryRoot = "classpath:m2repo/repository/")

Stub Runner Spring registers environment variables in the following manner for every registered WireMock server. Example for Stub Runner ids com.example:foo, com.example:bar.

  • stubrunner.runningstubs.foo.port

  • stubrunner.runningstubs.bar.port

Which you can reference in your code.

Stub Runner Spring Cloud

Stub Runner can integrate with Spring Cloud.

For real life examples you can check the

Stubbing Service Discovery

The most important feature of Stub Runner Spring Cloud is the fact that it’s stubbing

  • DiscoveryClient

  • Ribbon ServerList

that means that regardless of the fact whether you’re using Zookeeper, Consul, Eureka or anything else, you don’t need that in your tests. We’re starting WireMock instances of your dependencies and we’re telling your application whenever you’re using Feign, load balanced RestTemplate or DiscoveryClient directly, to call those stubbed servers instead of calling the real Service Discovery tool.

For example this test will pass

def 'should make service discovery work'() {
	expect: 'WireMocks are running'
		"${stubFinder.findStubUrl('loanIssuance').toString()}/name".toURL().text == 'loanIssuance'
		"${stubFinder.findStubUrl('fraudDetectionServer').toString()}/name".toURL().text == 'fraudDetectionServer'
	and: 'Stubs can be reached via load service discovery'
		restTemplate.getForObject('http://loanIssuance/name', String) == 'loanIssuance'
		restTemplate.getForObject('http://someNameThatShouldMapFraudDetectionServer/name', String) == 'fraudDetectionServer'
}

for the following configuration file

spring.cloud:
  zookeeper.enabled: false
  consul.enabled: false
eureka.client.enabled: false
stubrunner:
  camel.enabled: false
  idsToServiceIds:
    ivyNotation: someValueInsideYourCode
    fraudDetectionServer: someNameThatShouldMapFraudDetectionServer
Test profiles and service discovery

In your integration tests you typically don’t want to call neither a discovery service (e.g. Eureka) or Config Server. That’s why you create an additional test configuration in which you want to disable these features.

Due to certain limitations of spring-cloud-commons to achieve this you have disable these properties via a static block like presented below (example for Eureka)

    //Hack to work around https://github.com/spring-cloud/spring-cloud-commons/issues/156
    static {
        System.setProperty("eureka.client.enabled", "false");
        System.setProperty("spring.cloud.config.failFast", "false");
    }

Additional Configuration

You can match the artifactId of the stub with the name of your app by using the stubrunner.idsToServiceIds: map. You can disable Stub Runner Ribbon support by providing: stubrunner.cloud.ribbon.enabled equal to false You can disable Stub Runner support by providing: stubrunner.cloud.enabled equal to false

Tip
By default all service discovery will be stubbed. That means that regardless of the fact if you have an existing DiscoveryClient its results will be ignored. However, if you want to reuse it, just set stubrunner.cloud.delegate.enabled to true and then your existing DiscoveryClient results will be merged with the stubbed ones.

Stub Runner Boot Application

Spring Cloud Contract Verifier Stub Runner Boot is a Spring Boot application that exposes REST endpoints to trigger the messaging labels and to access started WireMock servers.

One of the use-cases is to run some smoke (end to end) tests on a deployed application. You can read more about this in the "Microservice Deployment" article at Too Much Coding blog.

How to use it?

Just add the

compile "org.springframework.cloud:spring-cloud-starter-stub-runner"

Annotate a class with @EnableStubRunnerServer, build a fat-jar and you’re ready to go!

For the properties check the Stub Runner Spring section.

Endpoints

HTTP
  • GET /stubs - returns a list of all running stubs in ivy:integer notation

  • GET /stubs/{ivy} - returns a port for the given ivy notation (when calling the endpoint ivy can also be artifactId only)

Messaging

For Messaging

  • GET /triggers - returns a list of all running labels in ivy : [ label1, label2 …​] notation

  • POST /triggers/{label} - executes a trigger with label

  • POST /triggers/{ivy}/{label} - executes a trigger with label for the given ivy notation (when calling the endpoint ivy can also be artifactId only)

Example

@ContextConfiguration(classes = StubRunnerBoot, loader = SpringBootContextLoader)
@SpringBootTest(properties = "spring.cloud.zookeeper.enabled=false")
@ActiveProfiles("test")
class StubRunnerBootSpec extends Specification {

	@Autowired StubRunning stubRunning

	def setup() {
		RestAssuredMockMvc.standaloneSetup(new HttpStubsController(stubRunning),
				new TriggerController(stubRunning))
	}

	def 'should return a list of running stub servers in "full ivy:port" notation'() {
		when:
			String response = RestAssuredMockMvc.get('/stubs').body.asString()
		then:
			def root = new JsonSlurper().parseText(response)
			root.'org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:bootService:0.0.1-SNAPSHOT:stubs' instanceof Integer
	}

	def 'should return a port on which a [#stubId] stub is running'() {
		when:
			def response = RestAssuredMockMvc.get("/stubs/${stubId}")
		then:
			response.statusCode == 200
			response.body.as(Integer) > 0
		where:
			stubId << ['org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:bootService:+:stubs',
					   'org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:bootService:0.0.1-SNAPSHOT:stubs',
					   'org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:bootService:+',
					   'org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:bootService',
					   'bootService']
	}

	def 'should return 404 when missing stub was called'() {
		when:
			def response = RestAssuredMockMvc.get("/stubs/a:b:c:d")
		then:
			response.statusCode == 404
	}

	def 'should return a list of messaging labels that can be triggered when version and classifier are passed'() {
		when:
			String response = RestAssuredMockMvc.get('/triggers').body.asString()
		then:
			def root = new JsonSlurper().parseText(response)
			root.'org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:bootService:0.0.1-SNAPSHOT:stubs'?.containsAll(["delete_book","return_book_1","return_book_2"])
	}

	def 'should trigger a messaging label'() {
		given:
			StubRunning stubRunning = Mock()
			RestAssuredMockMvc.standaloneSetup(new HttpStubsController(stubRunning), new TriggerController(stubRunning))
		when:
			def response = RestAssuredMockMvc.post("/triggers/delete_book")
		then:
			response.statusCode == 200
		and:
			1 * stubRunning.trigger('delete_book')
	}

	def 'should trigger a messaging label for a stub with [#stubId] ivy notation'() {
		given:
			StubRunning stubRunning = Mock()
			RestAssuredMockMvc.standaloneSetup(new HttpStubsController(stubRunning), new TriggerController(stubRunning))
		when:
			def response = RestAssuredMockMvc.post("/triggers/$stubId/delete_book")
		then:
			response.statusCode == 200
		and:
			1 * stubRunning.trigger(stubId, 'delete_book')
		where:
			stubId << ['org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:bootService:stubs', 'org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:bootService', 'bootService']
	}

	def 'should throw exception when trigger is missing'() {
		when:
			RestAssuredMockMvc.post("/triggers/missing_label")
		then:
			Exception e = thrown(Exception)
			e.message.contains("Exception occurred while trying to return [missing_label] label.")
			e.message.contains("Available labels are")
			e.message.contains("org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:loanIssuance:0.0.1-SNAPSHOT:stubs=[]")
			e.message.contains("org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:bootService:0.0.1-SNAPSHOT:stubs=")
	}

}

Stub Runner Boot with Service Discovery

One of the possibilities of using Stub Runner Boot is to use it as a feed of stubs for "smoke-tests". What does it mean? Let’s assume that you don’t want to deploy 50 microservice to a test environment in order to check if your application is working fine. You’ve already executed a suite of tests during the build process but you would also like to ensure that the packaging of your application is fine. What you can do is to deploy your application to an environment, start it and run a couple of tests on it to see if it’s working fine. We can call those tests smoke-tests since their idea is to check only a handful of testing scenarios.

The problem with this approach is such that if you’re doing microservices most likely you’re using a service discovery tool. Stub Runner Boot allows you to solve this issue by starting the required stubs and register them in a service discovery tool. Let’s take a look at an example of such a setup with Eureka. Let’s assume that Eureka was already running.

@SpringBootApplication
@EnableStubRunnerServer
@EnableEurekaClient
@AutoConfigureStubRunner
public class StubRunnerBootEurekaExample {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		SpringApplication.run(StubRunnerBootEurekaExample.class, args);
	}

}

As you can see we want to start a Stub Runner Boot server @EnableStubRunnerServer, enable Eureka client @EnableEurekaClient and we want to have the stub runner feature turned on @AutoConfigureStubRunner.

Now let’s assume that we want to start this application so that the stubs get automatically registered. We can do it by running the app java -jar ${SYSTEM_PROPS} stub-runner-boot-eureka-example.jar where ${SYSTEM_PROPS} would contain the following list of properties

-Dstubrunner.repositoryRoot=http://repo.spring.io/snapshots (1)
-Dstubrunner.cloud.stubbed.discovery.enabled=false (2)
-Dstubrunner.ids=org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:loanIssuance,org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:fraudDetectionServer,org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:bootService (3)
-Dstubrunner.idsToServiceIds.fraudDetectionServer=someNameThatShouldMapFraudDetectionServer (4)

(1) - we tell Stub Runner where all the stubs reside
(2) - we don't want the default behaviour where the discovery service is stubbed. That's why the stub registration will be picked
(3) - we provide a list of stubs to download
(4) - we provide a list of artifactId to serviceId mapping

That way your deployed application can send requests to started WireMock servers via the service discovery. Most likely points 1-3 could be set by default in application.yml cause they are not likely to change. That way you can provide only the list of stubs to download whenever you start the Stub Runner Boot.

Common properties for JUnit and Spring

Some of the properties that are repetitive can be set using system properties or configuration properties (for Spring). Here are their names with their default values:

Property name Default value Description

stubrunner.minPort

10000

Minimal value of a port for a started WireMock with stubs

stubrunner.maxPort

15000

Minimal value of a port for a started WireMock with stubs

stubrunner.repositoryRoot

Maven repo url. If blank then will call the local maven repo

stubrunner.classifier

stubs

Default classifier for the stub artifacts

stubrunner.workOffline

false

If true then will not contact any remote repositories to download stubs

stubrunner.ids

Array of Ivy notation stubs to download

stubrunner.username

Optional username to access the tool that stores the JARs with stubs

stubrunner.password

Optional password to access the tool that stores the JARs with stubs

Stub runner stubs ids

You can provide the stubs to download via the stubrunner.ids system property. They follow the following pattern:

groupId:artifactId:version:classifier:port

version, classifier and port are optional.

  • If you don’t provide the port then a random one will be picked

  • If you don’t provide the classifier then the default one will be taken. (NOTE that you can pass an empty classifier like this groupId:artifactId:version:)

  • If you don’t provide the version then the + will be passed and the latest one will be downloaded

Where port means the port of the WireMock server.

Important
Starting from version 1.0.4 as a version you can provide a range of versions that you would like the Stub Runner to take into consideration. You can read more about the Aether versioning ranges here.

Taken from Aether Docs:

This scheme accepts versions of any form, interpreting a version as a sequence of numeric and alphabetic segments. The characters '-', '_', and '.' as well as the mere transitions from digit to letter and vice versa delimit the version segments. Delimiters are treated as equivalent.

Numeric segments are compared mathematically, alphabetic segments are compared lexicographically and case-insensitively. However, the following qualifier strings are recognized and treated specially: "alpha" = "a" < "beta" = "b" < "milestone" = "m" < "cr" = "rc" < "snapshot" < "final" = "ga" < "sp". All of those well-known qualifiers are considered smaller/older than other strings. An empty segment/string is equivalent to 0.

In addition to the above mentioned qualifiers, the tokens "min" and "max" may be used as final version segment to denote the smallest/greatest version having a given prefix. For example, "1.2.min" denotes the smallest version in the 1.2 line, "1.2.max" denotes the greatest version in the 1.2 line. A version range of the form "[M.N.*]" is short for "[M.N.min, M.N.max]".

Numbers and strings are considered incomparable against each other. Where version segments of different kind would collide, comparison will instead assume that the previous segments are padded with trailing 0 or "ga" segments, respectively, until the kind mismatch is resolved, e.g. "1-alpha" = "1.0.0-alpha" < "1.0.1-ga" = "1.0.1".

Stub Runner for Messaging

Stub Runner has the functionality to run the published stubs in memory. It can integrate with the following frameworks out of the box

  • Spring Integration

  • Spring Cloud Stream

  • Apache Camel

  • Spring AMQP

It also provides points of entry to integrate with any other solution on the market.

Stub triggering

To trigger a message it’s enough to use the StubTrigger interface:

package org.springframework.cloud.contract.stubrunner;

import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.Map;

public interface StubTrigger {

	/**
	 * Triggers an event by a given label for a given [email protected] groupid:artifactid} notation. You can use only [email protected] artifactId} too.
	 *
	 * Feature related to messaging.
	 *
	 * @return true - if managed to run a trigger
	 */
	boolean trigger(String ivyNotation, String labelName);

	/**
	 * Triggers an event by a given label.
	 *
	 * Feature related to messaging.
	 *
	 * @return true - if managed to run a trigger
	 */
	boolean trigger(String labelName);

	/**
	 * Triggers all possible events.
	 *
	 * Feature related to messaging.
	 *
	 * @return true - if managed to run a trigger
	 */
	boolean trigger();

	/**
	 * Returns a mapping of ivy notation of a dependency to all the labels it has.
	 *
	 * Feature related to messaging.
	 */
	Map<String, Collection<String>> labels();
}

For convenience the StubFinder interface extends StubTrigger so it’s enough to use only one in your tests.

StubTrigger gives you the following options to trigger a message:

Trigger by label
stubFinder.trigger('return_book_1')
Trigger by group and artifact ids
stubFinder.trigger('org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:camelService', 'return_book_1')
Trigger by artifact ids
stubFinder.trigger('camelService', 'return_book_1')
Trigger all messages
stubFinder.trigger()

Stub Runner Camel

Spring Cloud Contract Verifier Stub Runner’s messaging module gives you an easy way to integrate with Apache Camel. For the provided artifacts it will automatically download the stubs and register the required routes.

Adding it to the project

It’s enough to have both Apache Camel and Spring Cloud Contract Stub Runner on classpath. Remember to annotate your test class with @AutoConfigureMessageVerifier.

Examples

Stubs structure

Let us assume that we have the following Maven repository with a deployed stubs for the camelService application.

└── .m2
    └── repository
        └── io
            └── codearte
                └── accurest
                    └── stubs
                        └── camelService
                            ├── 0.0.1-SNAPSHOT
                            │   ├── camelService-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.pom
                            │   ├── camelService-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT-stubs.jar
                            │   └── maven-metadata-local.xml
                            └── maven-metadata-local.xml

And the stubs contain the following structure:

├── META-INF
│   └── MANIFEST.MF
└── repository
    ├── accurest
    │   ├── bookDeleted.groovy
    │   ├── bookReturned1.groovy
    │   └── bookReturned2.groovy
    └── mappings

Let’s consider the following contracts (let' number it with 1):

Contract.make {
	label 'return_book_1'
	input {
		triggeredBy('bookReturnedTriggered()')
	}
	outputMessage {
		sentTo('jms:output')
		body('''{ "bookName" : "foo" }''')
		headers {
			header('BOOK-NAME', 'foo')
		}
	}
}

and number 2

Contract.make {
	label 'return_book_2'
	input {
		messageFrom('jms:input')
		messageBody([
				bookName: 'foo'
		])
		messageHeaders {
			header('sample', 'header')
		}
	}
	outputMessage {
		sentTo('jms:output')
		body([
				bookName: 'foo'
		])
		headers {
			header('BOOK-NAME', 'foo')
		}
	}
}
Scenario 1 (no input message)

So as to trigger a message via the return_book_1 label we’ll use the StubTigger interface as follows

stubFinder.trigger('return_book_1')

Next we’ll want to listen to the output of the message sent to jms:output

Exchange receivedMessage = camelContext.createConsumerTemplate().receive('jms:output', 5000)

And the received message would pass the following assertions

receivedMessage != null
assertThatBodyContainsBookNameFoo(receivedMessage.in.body)
receivedMessage.in.headers.get('BOOK-NAME') == 'foo'
Scenario 2 (output triggered by input)

Since the route is set for you it’s enough to just send a message to the jms:output destination.

camelContext.createProducerTemplate().sendBodyAndHeaders('jms:input', new BookReturned('foo'), [sample: 'header'])

Next we’ll want to listen to the output of the message sent to jms:output

Exchange receivedMessage = camelContext.createConsumerTemplate().receive('jms:output', 5000)

And the received message would pass the following assertions

receivedMessage != null
assertThatBodyContainsBookNameFoo(receivedMessage.in.body)
receivedMessage.in.headers.get('BOOK-NAME') == 'foo'
Scenario 3 (input with no output)

Since the route is set for you it’s enough to just send a message to the jms:output destination.

camelContext.createProducerTemplate().sendBodyAndHeaders('jms:delete', new BookReturned('foo'), [sample: 'header'])

Stub Runner Integration

Spring Cloud Contract Verifier Stub Runner’s messaging module gives you an easy way to integrate with Spring Integration. For the provided artifacts it will automatically download the stubs and register the required routes.

Adding it to the project

It’s enough to have both Apache Camel and Spring Cloud Contract Stub Runner on classpath. Remember to annotate your test class with @AutoConfigureMessageVerifier.

Examples

Stubs structure

Let us assume that we have the following Maven repository with a deployed stubs for the integrationService application.

└── .m2
    └── repository
        └── io
            └── codearte
                └── accurest
                    └── stubs
                        └── integrationService
                            ├── 0.0.1-SNAPSHOT
                            │   ├── integrationService-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.pom
                            │   ├── integrationService-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT-stubs.jar
                            │   └── maven-metadata-local.xml
                            └── maven-metadata-local.xml

And the stubs contain the following structure:

├── META-INF
│   └── MANIFEST.MF
└── repository
    ├── accurest
    │   ├── bookDeleted.groovy
    │   ├── bookReturned1.groovy
    │   └── bookReturned2.groovy
    └── mappings

Let’s consider the following contracts (let' number it with 1):

Contract.make {
	label 'return_book_1'
	input {
		triggeredBy('bookReturnedTriggered()')
	}
	outputMessage {
		sentTo('output')
		body('''{ "bookName" : "foo" }''')
		headers {
			header('BOOK-NAME', 'foo')
		}
	}
}

and number 2

Contract.make {
	label 'return_book_2'
	input {
		messageFrom('input')
		messageBody([
				bookName: 'foo'
		])
		messageHeaders {
			header('sample', 'header')
		}
	}
	outputMessage {
		sentTo('output')
		body([
				bookName: 'foo'
		])
		headers {
			header('BOOK-NAME', 'foo')
		}
	}
}

and the following Spring Integration Route:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans:beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/integration"
			 xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
			 xmlns:beans="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
			 xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
			http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
			http://www.springframework.org/schema/integration
			http://www.springframework.org/schema/integration/spring-integration.xsd">


	<!-- REQUIRED FOR TESTING -->
	<bridge input-channel="output"
			output-channel="outputTest"/>

	<channel id="outputTest">
		<queue/>
	</channel>

</beans:beans>
Scenario 1 (no input message)

So as to trigger a message via the return_book_1 label we’ll use the StubTigger interface as follows

stubFinder.trigger('return_book_1')

Next we’ll want to listen to the output of the message sent to output

Message<?> receivedMessage = messaging.receive('outputTest')

And the received message would pass the following assertions

receivedMessage != null
assertJsons(receivedMessage.payload)
receivedMessage.headers.get('BOOK-NAME') == 'foo'
Scenario 2 (output triggered by input)

Since the route is set for you it’s enough to just send a message to the output destination.

messaging.send(new BookReturned('foo'), [sample: 'header'], 'input')

Next we’ll want to listen to the output of the message sent to output

Message<?> receivedMessage = messaging.receive('outputTest')

And the received message would pass the following assertions

receivedMessage != null
assertJsons(receivedMessage.payload)
receivedMessage.headers.get('BOOK-NAME') == 'foo'
Scenario 3 (input with no output)

Since the route is set for you it’s enough to just send a message to the input destination.

messaging.send(new BookReturned('foo'), [sample: 'header'], 'delete')

Stub Runner Stream

Spring Cloud Contract Verifier Stub Runner’s messaging module gives you an easy way to integrate with Spring Stream. For the provided artifacts it will automatically download the stubs and register the required routes.

Warning
In Stub Runner’s integration with Stream the messageFrom or sentTo Strings are resolved first as a destination of a channel, and then if there is no such destination it’s resolved as a channel name.

Adding it to the project

It’s enough to have both Apache Camel and Spring Cloud Contract Stub Runner on classpath. Remember to annotate your test class with @AutoConfigureMessageVerifier.

Examples

Stubs structure

Let us assume that we have the following Maven repository with a deployed stubs for the streamService application.

└── .m2
    └── repository
        └── io
            └── codearte
                └── accurest
                    └── stubs
                        └── streamService
                            ├── 0.0.1-SNAPSHOT
                            │   ├── streamService-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.pom
                            │   ├── streamService-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT-stubs.jar
                            │   └── maven-metadata-local.xml
                            └── maven-metadata-local.xml

And the stubs contain the following structure:

├── META-INF
│   └── MANIFEST.MF
└── repository
    ├── accurest
    │   ├── bookDeleted.groovy
    │   ├── bookReturned1.groovy
    │   └── bookReturned2.groovy
    └── mappings

Let’s consider the following contracts (let' number it with 1):

Contract.make {
	label 'return_book_1'
	input { triggeredBy('bookReturnedTriggered()') }
	outputMessage {
		sentTo('returnBook')
		body('''{ "bookName" : "foo" }''')
		headers { header('BOOK-NAME', 'foo') }
	}
}

and number 2

Contract.make {
	label 'return_book_2'
	input {
		messageFrom('bookStorage')
		messageBody([
			bookName: 'foo'
		])
		messageHeaders { header('sample', 'header') }
	}
	outputMessage {
		sentTo('returnBook')
		body([
			bookName: 'foo'
		])
		headers { header('BOOK-NAME', 'foo') }
	}
}

and the following Spring configuration:

stubrunner.repositoryRoot: classpath:m2repo/repository/
stubrunner.ids: org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs:streamService:0.0.1-SNAPSHOT:stubs

spring:
  cloud:
    stream:
      bindings:
        output:
          destination: returnBook
        input:
          destination: bookStorage

server:
  port: 0

debug: true
Scenario 1 (no input message)

So as to trigger a message via the return_book_1 label we’ll use the StubTrigger interface as follows

stubFinder.trigger('return_book_1')

Next we’ll want to listen to the output of the message sent to a channel whose destination is returnBook

Message<?> receivedMessage = messaging.receive('returnBook')

And the received message would pass the following assertions

receivedMessage != null
assertJsons(receivedMessage.payload)
receivedMessage.headers.get('BOOK-NAME') == 'foo'
Scenario 2 (output triggered by input)

Since the route is set for you it’s enough to just send a message to the bookStorage destination.

messaging.send(new BookReturned('foo'), [sample: 'header'], 'bookStorage')

Next we’ll want to listen to the output of the message sent to returnBook

Message<?> receivedMessage = messaging.receive('returnBook')

And the received message would pass the following assertions

receivedMessage != null
assertJsons(receivedMessage.payload)
receivedMessage.headers.get('BOOK-NAME') == 'foo'
Scenario 3 (input with no output)

Since the route is set for you it’s enough to just send a message to the output destination.

messaging.send(new BookReturned('foo'), [sample: 'header'], 'delete')

Stub Runner Spring AMQP

Spring Cloud Contract Verifier Stub Runner’s messaging module provides an easy way to integrate with Spring AMQP’s Rabbit Template. For the provided artifacts it will automatically download the stubs and register the required routes.

The integration tries to work standalone, that is without interaction with a running RabbitMQ message broker. It expects a RabbitTemplate on the application context and uses it as a spring boot test @SpyBean. Thus it can use the mockito spy functionality to verify and introspect messages sent by the application.

On the message consumer side, it considers all @RabbitListener annotated endpoints as well as all `SimpleMessageListenerContainer`s on the application context.

As messages are usually sent to exchanges in AMQP the message contract contains the exchange name as the destination. Message listeners on the other side are bound to queues. Bindings connect an exchange to a queue. If message contracts are triggered the Spring AMQP stub runner integration will look for bindings on the application context that match this exchange. Then it collects the queues from the Spring exchanges and tries to find messages listeners bound to these queues. The message is triggered to all matching message listeners.

Adding it to the project

It’s enough to have both Spring AMQP and Spring Cloud Contract Stub Runner on the classpath and set the property stubrunner.amqp.enabled=true. Remember to annotate your test class with @AutoConfigureMessageVerifier.

Examples

Stubs structure

Let us assume that we have the following Maven repository with a deployed stubs for the spring-cloud-contract-amqp-test application.

└── .m2
    └── repository
        └── com
            └── example
                └── spring-cloud-contract-amqp-test
                    ├── 0.4.0-SNAPSHOT
                    │   ├── spring-cloud-contract-amqp-test-0.4.0-SNAPSHOT.pom
                    │   ├── spring-cloud-contract-amqp-test-0.4.0-SNAPSHOT-stubs.jar
                    │   └── maven-metadata-local.xml
                    └── maven-metadata-local.xml

And the stubs contain the following structure:

├── META-INF
│   └── MANIFEST.MF
└── contracts
    └── shouldProduceValidPersonData.groovy

Let’s consider the following contract:

Contract.make {
    // Human readable description
    description 'Should produce valid person data'
    // Label by means of which the output message can be triggered
    label 'contract-test.person.created.event'
    // input to the contract
    input {
        // the contract will be triggered by a method
        triggeredBy('createPerson()')
    }
    // output message of the contract
    outputMessage {
        // destination to which the output message will be sent
        sentTo 'contract-test.exchange'
        headers {
            header('contentType': 'application/json')
            header('__TypeId__': 'org.springframework.cloud.contract.stubrunner.messaging.amqp.Person')
        }
        // the body of the output message
        body ([
                id: $(consumer(9), producer(regex("[0-9]+"))),
                name: "me"
        ])
    }
}

and the following Spring configuration:

stubrunner:
  repositoryRoot: classpath:m2repo/repository/
  ids: org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.stubs.amqp:spring-cloud-contract-amqp-test:0.4.0-SNAPSHOT:stubs
  amqp:
    enabled: true
server:
  port: 0
Triggering the message

So to trigger a message using the contract above we’ll use the StubTrigger interface as follows.

stubTrigger.trigger("contract-test.person.created.event")

The message has the destination contract-test.exchange so the Spring AMQP stub runner integration looks for bindings related to this exchange.

@Bean
public Binding binding() {
	return BindingBuilder.bind(new Queue("test.queue")).to(new DirectExchange("contract-test.exchange")).with("#");
}

The binding definition binds the queue test.queue. So the following listener definition is a match and is invoked with the contract message.

@Bean
public SimpleMessageListenerContainer simpleMessageListenerContainer(ConnectionFactory connectionFactory,
																		MessageListenerAdapter listenerAdapter) {
	SimpleMessageListenerContainer container = new SimpleMessageListenerContainer();
	container.setConnectionFactory(connectionFactory);
	container.setQueueNames("test.queue");
	container.setMessageListener(listenerAdapter);

	return container;
}

Also, the following annotated listener represents a match and would be invoked.

@RabbitListener(bindings = @QueueBinding(
		value = @Queue(value = "test.queue"),
		exchange = @Exchange(value = "contract-test.exchange", ignoreDeclarationExceptions = "true")))
public void handlePerson(Person person) {
	this.person = person;
}
Note
The message is directly handed over to the onMessage method of the MessageListener associated with the matching SimpleMessageListenerContainer.
Spring AMQP Test Configuration

In order to avoid that Spring AMQP is trying to connect to a running broker during our tests we configure a mock ConnectionFactory.

To disable the mocked ConnectionFactory set the property stubrunner.amqp.mockConnection=false

stubrunner:
  amqp:
    mockConnection: false

Contract DSL

Important
Remember that inside the contract file you have to provide the fully qualified name to the Contract class and the make static import i.e. org.springframework.cloud.spec.Contract.make { …​ }. You can also provide an import to the Contract class import org.springframework.cloud.spec.Contract and then call Contract.make { …​ }

Contract DSL is written in Groovy, but don’t be alarmed if you didn’t use Groovy before. Knowledge of the language is not really needed as our DSL uses only a tiny subset of it (namely literals, method calls and closures). What’s more the DSL is designed to be programmer-readable without any knowledge of the DSL itself - it’s statically typed.

Tip
Spring Cloud Contract supports defining multiple contracts in a single file!

The Contract is present in the spring-cloud-contract-spec module of the Spring Cloud Contract Verifier repository.

Let’s look at full example of a contract definition.

org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract.make {
	request {
		method 'PUT'
		url '/api/12'
		headers {
			header 'Content-Type': 'application/vnd.org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.twitter-places-analyzer.v1+json'
		}
		body '''\
		[{
			"created_at": "Sat Jul 26 09:38:57 +0000 2014",
			"id": 492967299297845248,
			"id_str": "492967299297845248",
			"text": "Gonna see you at Warsaw",
			"place":
			{
				"attributes":{},
				"bounding_box":
				{
					"coordinates":
						[[
							[-77.119759,38.791645],
							[-76.909393,38.791645],
							[-76.909393,38.995548],
							[-77.119759,38.995548]
						]],
					"type":"Polygon"
				},
				"country":"United States",
				"country_code":"US",
				"full_name":"Washington, DC",
				"id":"01fbe706f872cb32",
				"name":"Washington",
				"place_type":"city",
				"url": "http://api.twitter.com/1/geo/id/01fbe706f872cb32.json"
			}
		}]
	'''
	}
	response {
		status 200
	}
}

Not all features of the DSL are used in example above. If you didn’t find what you are looking for, please check next paragraphs on this page.

You can easily compile Contracts to WireMock stubs mapping using standalone maven command: mvn org.springframework.cloud:spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin:convert.

Limitations

Warning
Spring Cloud Contract Verifier doesn’t support XML properly. Please use JSON or help us implement this feature.
Warning
The support for the verification of size of JSON arrays is experimental. If you want to turn it on please provide the value of a system property spring.cloud.contract.verifier.assert.size equal to true. By default this feature is set to false. You can also provide the assertJsonSize property in the plugin configuration.
Warning
Due to the fact that JSON structure can have any form it’s sometimes impossible to parse it properly when using the value(consumer(…​), producer(…​)) notation when using that in GString. That’s why we highly recommend using the Groovy Map notation.

Common Top-Level elements

Description

You can add a description to your contract that is nothing else but an arbitrary text. Example:

		org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract.make {
			description('''
given:
	An input
when:
	Sth happens
then:
	Output
''')
		}
Name

You can provide a name of your contract. Let’s assume that you’ve provided a name should register a user. If you do this then the name of the autogenerated test will be equal to validate_should_register_a_user. Also the name of the stub will be should_register_a_user.json in case of a WireMock stub.

Important
Please ensure that the name doesn’t contain any characters that will make the generated test not possible to compile. Also remember that if you provide the same name for multiple contracts then your autogenerated tests will fail to compile and your generated stubs will override each other.
Ignoring contracts

If you want to ignore a contract you can either set a value of ignored contracts in the plugin configuration or just set the ignored property on the contract itself:

org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract.make {
	ignored()
}

HTTP Top-Level Elements

Following methods can be called in the top-level closure of a contract definition. Request and response are mandatory, priority is optional.

org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract.make {
	// Definition of HTTP request part of the contract
	// (this can be a valid request or invalid depending
	// on type of contract being specified).
	request {
		//...
	}

	// Definition of HTTP response part of the contract
	// (a service implementing this contract should respond
	// with following response after receiving request
	// specified in "request" part above).
	response {
		//...
	}

	// Contract priority, which can be used for overriding
	// contracts (1 is highest). Priority is optional.
	priority 1
}

Request

HTTP protocol requires only method and address to be specified in a request. The same information is mandatory in request definition of the Contract.

org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract.make {
	request {
		// HTTP request method (GET/POST/PUT/DELETE).
		method 'GET'

		// Path component of request URL is specified as follows.
		urlPath('/users')
	}

	response {
		//...
	}
}

It is possible to specify whole url instead of just path, but urlPath is the recommended way as it makes the tests host-independent.

org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract.make {
	request {
		method 'GET'

		// Specifying `url` and `urlPath` in one contract is illegal.
		url('http://localhost:8888/users')
	}

	response {
		//...
	}
}

Request may contain query parameters, which are specified in a closure nested in a call to urlPath or url.

org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract.make {
	request {
		//...

		urlPath('/users') {

			// Each parameter is specified in form
			// `'paramName' : paramValue` where parameter value
			// may be a simple literal or one of matcher functions,
			// all of which are used in this example.
			queryParameters {

				// If a simple literal is used as value
				// default matcher function is used (equalTo)
				parameter 'limit': 100

				// `equalTo` function simply compares passed value
				// using identity operator (==).
				parameter 'filter': equalTo("email")

				// `containing` function matches strings
				// that contains passed substring.
				parameter 'gender': value(consumer(containing("[mf]")), producer('mf'))

				// `matching` function tests parameter
				// against passed regular expression.
				parameter 'offset': value(consumer(matching("[0-9]+")), producer(123))

				// `notMatching` functions tests if parameter
				// does not match passed regular expression.
				parameter 'loginStartsWith': value(consumer(notMatching(".{0,2}")), producer(3))
			}
		}

		//...
	}

	response {
		//...
	}
}

It may contain additional request headers…​

org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract.make {
	request {
		//...

		// Each header is added in form `'Header-Name' : 'Header-Value'`.
		// there are also some helper methods
		headers {
			header 'key': 'value'
			contentType(applicationJson())
		}

		//...
	}

	response {
		//...
	}
}

…​and a request body.

org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract.make {
	request {
		//...

		// Currently only JSON format of request body is supported.
		// Format will be determined from a header or body's content.
		body '''{ "login" : "john", "name": "John The Contract" }'''
	}

	response {
		//...
	}
}

Response

Minimal response must contain HTTP status code.

org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract.make {
	request {
		//...
	}
	response {
		// Status code sent by the server
		// in response to request specified above.
		status 200
	}
}

Besides status response may contain headers and body, which are specified the same way as in the request (see previous paragraph).

Dynamic properties

The contract can contain some dynamic properties - timestamps / ids etc. You don’t want to enforce the consumers to stub their clocks to always return the same value of time so that it gets matched by the stub. That’s why we allow you to provide the dynamic parts in your contracts in two ways. One is to pass them directly in the body and one to set them in a separate section called testMatchers and stubMatchers.

Dynamic properties inside the body

You can set the properties inside the body either via the value method

value(consumer(...), producer(...))
value(c(...), p(...))
value(stub(...), test(...))
value(client(...), server(...))

or if you’re using the Groovy map notation for body you can use the $() method

$(consumer(...), producer(...))
$(c(...), p(...))
$(stub(...), test(...))
$(client(...), server(...))

All of the aforementioned approaches are equal. That means that stub and client methods are aliases over the consumer method. Let’s take a closer look at what we can do with those values in the subsequent sections.

Regular expressions

You can use regular expressions to write your requests in Contract DSL. It is particularly useful when you want to indicate that a given response should be provided for requests that follow a given pattern. Also, you can use it when you need to use patterns and not exact values both for your test and your server side tests.

Please see the example below:

org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract.make {
	request {
		method('GET')
		url $(consumer(~/\/[0-9]{2}/), producer('/12'))
	}
	response {
		status 200
		body(
				id: $(anyNumber()),
				surname: $(
						consumer('Kowalsky'),
						producer(regex('[a-zA-Z]+'))
				),
				name: 'Jan',
				created: $(consumer('2014-02-02 12:23:43'), producer(execute('currentDate(it)'))),
				correlationId: value(consumer('5d1f9fef-e0dc-4f3d-a7e4-72d2220dd827'),
						producer(regex('[a-fA-F0-9]{8}-[a-fA-F0-9]{4}-[a-fA-F0-9]{4}-[a-fA-F0-9]{4}-[a-fA-F0-9]{12}'))
				)
		)
		headers {
			header 'Content-Type': 'text/plain'
		}
	}
}

You can also provide only one side of the communication using a regular expression. If you do that then automatically we’ll provide the generated string that matches the provided regular expression. For example:

org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract.make {
	request {
		method 'PUT'
		url value(consumer(regex('/foo/[0-9]{5}')))
		body([
			requestElement: $(consumer(regex('[0-9]{5}')))
		])
		headers {
			header('header', $(consumer(regex('application\\/vnd\\.fraud\\.v1\\+json;.*'))))
		}
	}
	response {
		status 200
		body([
			responseElement: $(producer(regex('[0-9]{7}')))
		])
		headers {
			contentType("application/vnd.fraud.v1+json")
		}
	}
}

In this example for request and response the opposite side of the communication will have the respective data generated.

Spring Cloud Contract comes with a series of predefined regular expressions that you can use in your contracts.

protected static final Pattern TRUE_OR_FALSE = Pattern.compile(/(true|false)/)
protected static final Pattern ONLY_ALPHA_UNICODE = Pattern.compile(/[\p{L}]*/)
protected static final Pattern NUMBER = Pattern.compile('-?\\d*(\\.\\d+)?')
protected static final Pattern IP_ADDRESS = Pattern.compile('([01]?\\d\\d?|2[0-4]\\d|25[0-5])\\.([01]?\\d\\d?|2[0-4]\\d|25[0-5])\\.([01]?\\d\\d?|2[0-4]\\d|25[0-5])\\.([01]?\\d\\d?|2[0-4]\\d|25[0-5])')
protected static final Pattern HOSTNAME_PATTERN = Pattern.compile('((http[s]?|ftp):/)/?([^:/\\s]+)(:[0-9]{1,5})?')
protected static final Pattern EMAIL = Pattern.compile('[a-zA-Z0-9._%+-]+@[a-zA-Z0-9.-]+\\.[a-zA-Z]{2,4}')
protected static final Pattern URL = UrlHelper.URL
protected static final Pattern UUID = Pattern.compile('[a-z0-9]{8}-[a-z0-9]{4}-[a-z0-9]{4}-[a-z0-9]{4}-[a-z0-9]{12}')
protected static final Pattern ANY_DATE = Pattern.compile('(\\d\\d\\d\\d)-(0[1-9]|1[012])-(0[1-9]|[12][0-9]|3[01])')
protected static final Pattern ANY_DATE_TIME = Pattern.compile('([0-9]{4})-(1[0-2]|0[1-9])-(3[01]|0[1-9]|[12][0-9])T(2[0-3]|[01][0-9]):([0-5][0-9]):([0-5][0-9])')
protected static final Pattern ANY_TIME = Pattern.compile('(2[0-3]|[01][0-9]):([0-5][0-9]):([0-5][0-9])')
protected static final Pattern NON_EMPTY = Pattern.compile(/.+/)
protected static final Pattern NON_BLANK = Pattern.compile(/.*(\S+|\R).*|!^\R*$/)
protected static final Pattern ISO8601_WITH_OFFSET = Pattern.compile(/([0-9]{4})-(1[0-2]|0[1-9])-(3[01]|0[1-9]|[12][0-9])T(2[0-3]|[01][0-9]):([0-5][0-9]):([0-5][0-9])(\.\d{3})?(Z|[+-][01]\d:[0-5]\d)/)

protected static Pattern anyOf(String... values){
	return Pattern.compile(values.collect({"^$it\$"}).join("|"))
}

String onlyAlphaUnicode() {
	return ONLY_ALPHA_UNICODE.pattern()
}

String number() {
	return NUMBER.pattern()
}

String anyBoolean() {
	return TRUE_OR_FALSE.pattern()
}

String ipAddress() {
	return IP_ADDRESS.pattern()
}

String hostname() {
	return HOSTNAME_PATTERN.pattern()
}

String email() {
	return EMAIL.pattern()
}

String url() {
	return URL.pattern()
}

String uuid(){
	return UUID.pattern()
}

String isoDate() {
	return ANY_DATE.pattern()
}

String isoDateTime() {
	return ANY_DATE_TIME.pattern()
}

String isoTime() {
	return ANY_TIME.pattern()
}

String iso8601WithOffset() {
	return ISO8601_WITH_OFFSET.pattern()
}

String nonEmpty() {
	return NON_EMPTY.pattern()
}

String nonBlank() {
	return NON_BLANK.pattern()
}

so in your contract you can use it like this

Contract dslWithOptionalsInString = Contract.make {
	priority 1
	request {
		method POST()
		url '/users/password'
		headers {
			contentType(applicationJson())
		}
		body(
				email: $(consumer(optional(regex(email()))), producer([email protected]')),
				callback_url: $(consumer(regex(hostname())), producer('http://partners.com'))
		)
	}
	response {
		status 404
		headers {
			contentType(applicationJson())
		}
		body(
				code: value(consumer("123123"), producer(optional("123123"))),
				message: "User not found by email = [${value(producer(regex(email())), consumer([email protected]'))}]"
		)
	}
}
Passing optional parameters

It is possible to provide optional parameters in your contract. It’s only possible to have optional parameter for the:

  • STUB side of the Request

  • TEST side of the Response

Example:

org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract.make {
	priority 1
	request {
		method 'POST'
		url '/users/password'
		headers {
			contentType(applicationJson())
		}
		body(
				email: $(consumer(optional(regex(email()))), producer([email protected]')),
				callback_url: $(consumer(regex(hostname())), producer('http://partners.com'))
		)
	}
	response {
		status 404
		headers {
			header 'Content-Type': 'application/json'
		}
		body(
				code: value(consumer("123123"), producer(optional("123123")))
		)
	}
}

By wrapping a part of the body with the optional() method you are in fact creating a regular expression that should be present 0 or more times.

That way for the example above the following test would be generated if you pick Spock:

"""
 given:
  def request = given()
    .header("Content-Type", "application/json")
    .body('''{"email":"[email protected]","callback_url":"http://partners.com"}''')

 when:
  def response = given().spec(request)
    .post("/users/password")

 then:
  response.statusCode == 404
  response.header('Content-Type')  == 'application/json'
 and:
  DocumentContext parsedJson = JsonPath.parse(response.body.asString())
  assertThatJson(parsedJson).field("code").matches("(123123)?")
"""

and the following stub:

'''
{
  "request" : {
    "url" : "/users/password",
    "method" : "POST",
    "bodyPatterns" : [ {
      "matchesJsonPath" : "$[?(@.email =~ /([a-zA-Z0-9._%+-]+@[a-zA-Z0-9.-]+\\\\.[a-zA-Z]{2,4})?/)]"
    }, {
      "matchesJsonPath" : "$[?(@.callback_url =~ /((http[s]?|ftp):\\\\/)\\\\/?([^:\\\\/\\\\s]+)(:[0-9]{1,5})?/)]"
    } ],
    "headers" : {
      "Content-Type" : {
        "equalTo" : "application/json"
      }
    }
  },
  "response" : {
    "status" : 404,
    "body" : "{\\"code\\":\\"123123\\",\\"message\\":\\"User not found by email == [[email protected]]\\"}",
    "headers" : {
      "Content-Type" : "application/json"
    }
  },
  "priority" : 1
}
'''
Executing custom methods on server side

It is also possible to define a method call to be executed on the server side during the test. Such a method can be added to the class defined as "baseClassForTests" in the configuration. Example:

Contract

org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract.make {
	request {
		method 'PUT'
		url $(consumer(regex('^/api/[0-9]{2}$')), producer('/api/12'))
		headers {
			header 'Content-Type': 'application/json'
		}
		body '''\
				[{
					"text": "Gonna see you at Warsaw"
				}]
			'''
	}
	response {
		body (
				path: $(consumer('/api/12'), producer(regex('^/api/[0-9]{2}$'))),
				correlationId: $(consumer('1223456'), producer(execute('isProperCorrelationId($it)')))
		)
		status 200
	}
}

Base class

abstract class BaseMockMvcSpec extends Specification {

	def setup() {
		RestAssuredMockMvc.standaloneSetup(new PairIdController())
	}

	void isProperCorrelationId(Integer correlationId) {
		assert correlationId == 123456
	}

	void isEmpty(String value) {
		assert value == null
	}

}
Important
You can’t use both a String and execute to perform concatenation. E.g. calling header('Authorization', 'Bearer ' + execute('authToken()')) will lead to improper results. To make this work just call header('Authorization', execute('authToken()')) and ensure that the authToken() method returns everything that you need.
Referencing request from response

The best situation is to provide fixed values but sometimes you need to reference a request in your response. In order to do this you can profit from the fromRequest() method that allows you to reference a bunch of elements from the HTTP request. You can use the following options:

  • fromRequest().url() - return the request URL

  • fromRequest().query(String key) - return the first query parameter with a given name

  • fromRequest().query(String key, int index) - return the nth query parameter with a given name

  • fromRequest().header(String key) - return the first header with a given name

  • fromRequest().header(String key, int index) - return the nth header with a given name

  • fromRequest().body() - return the full request body

  • fromRequest().body(String jsonPath) - return the element from the request that matches the JSON Path

Let’s take a look at the following contract

Contract contractDsl = Contract.make {
	request {
		method 'GET'
		url('/api/v1/xxxx') {
			queryParameters {
				parameter("foo", "bar")
				parameter("foo", "bar2")
			}
		}
		headers {
			header(authorization(), "secret")
			header(authorization(), "secret2")
		}
		body(foo: "bar", baz: 5)
	}
	response {
		status 200
		headers {
			header(authorization(), "foo ${fromRequest().header(authorization())} bar")
		}
		body(
				url: fromRequest().url(),
				param: fromRequest().query("foo"),
				paramIndex: fromRequest().query("foo", 1),
				authorization: fromRequest().header("Authorization"),
				authorization2: fromRequest().header("Authorization", 1),
				fullBody: fromRequest().body(),
				responseFoo: fromRequest().body('$.foo'),
				responseBaz: fromRequest().body('$.baz'),
				responseBaz2: "Bla bla ${fromRequest().body('$.foo')} bla bla"
		)
	}
}

Running a JUnit test generation will lead in creation of a test looking more or less like this

// given:
 MockMvcRequestSpecification request = given()
   .header("Authorization", "secret")
   .header("Authorization", "secret2")
   .body("{\"foo\":\"bar\",\"baz\":5}");

// when:
 ResponseOptions response = given().spec(request)
   .queryParam("foo","bar")
   .queryParam("foo","bar2")
   .get("/api/v1/xxxx");

// then:
 assertThat(response.statusCode()).isEqualTo(200);
 assertThat(response.header("Authorization")).isEqualTo("foo secret bar");
// and:
 DocumentContext parsedJson = JsonPath.parse(response.getBody().asString());
 assertThatJson(parsedJson).field("url").isEqualTo("/api/v1/xxxx");
 assertThatJson(parsedJson).field("fullBody").isEqualTo("{\"foo\":\"bar\",\"baz\":5}");
 assertThatJson(parsedJson).field("paramIndex").isEqualTo("bar2");
 assertThatJson(parsedJson).field("responseFoo").isEqualTo("bar");
 assertThatJson(parsedJson).field("authorization2").isEqualTo("secret2");
 assertThatJson(parsedJson).field("responseBaz").isEqualTo(5);
 assertThatJson(parsedJson).field("responseBaz2").isEqualTo("Bla bla bar bla bla");
 assertThatJson(parsedJson).field("param").isEqualTo("bar");
 assertThatJson(parsedJson).field("authorization").isEqualTo("secret");

As you can see elements from the request have been properly referenced in the response.

The generated WireMock stub will look more or less like this:

{
  "request" : {
    "urlPath" : "/api/v1/xxxx",
    "method" : "POST",
    "headers" : {
      "Authorization" : {
        "equalTo" : "secret2"
      }
    },
    "queryParameters" : {
      "foo" : {
        "equalTo" : "bar2"
      }
    },
    "bodyPatterns" : [ {
      "matchesJsonPath" : "$[?(@.baz == 5)]"
    }, {
      "matchesJsonPath" : "$[?(@.foo == 'bar')]"
    } ]
  },
  "response" : {
    "status" : 200,
    "body" : "{\"url\":\"{{{request.url}}}\",\"param\":\"{{{request.query.foo.[0]}}}\",\"paramIndex\":\"{{{request.query.foo.[1]}}}\",\"authorization\":\"{{{request.headers.Authorization.[0]}}}\",\"authorization2\":\"{{{request.headers.Authorization.[1]}}}\",\"fullBody\":\"{{{escapejsonbody}}}\",\"responseFoo\":\"{{{jsonpath this '$.foo'}}}\",\"responseBaz\":{{{jsonpath this '$.baz'}}} ,\"responseBaz2\":\"Bla bla {{{jsonpath this '$.foo'}}} bla bla\"}",
    "headers" : {
      "Authorization" : "{{{request.headers.Authorization.[0]}}}"
    },
    "transformers" : [ "response-template" ]
  }
}

So sending a request as the one presented in the request part of the contract will lead in sending the following response body

{
  "url" : "/api/v1/xxxx?foo=bar&foo=bar2",
  "param" : "bar",
  "paramIndex" : "bar2",
  "authorization" : "secret",
  "authorization2" : "secret2",
  "fullBody" : "{\"foo\":\"bar\",\"baz\":5}",
  "responseFoo" : "bar",
  "responseBaz" : 5,
  "responseBaz2" : "Bla bla bar bla bla"
}
Important
This feature will work only with WireMock having version greater or equal to 2.5.1. We’re using WireMock’s response-template response transformer. It’s using Handlebars to convert the Mustache {{{ }}} templates into proper values. Additionally we’re registering 2 helper functions. escapejsonbody - that escapes the request body in a format that can be embedded in a JSON. Another is jsonpath that for a given parameter knows how to find an object in the request body.
Dynamic properties in matchers sections

If you’ve been working with Pact this might seem familiar. Quite a few users are used to having a separation between the body and setting dynamic parts of your contract.

That’s why you can profit from two separate sections. One is called stubMatchers where you can define the dynamic values that should end up in a stub. You can set it in the request or inputMessage part of your contract. The other is called testMatchers which is present in the response or outputMessage side of the contract.

Currently we support only JSON Path based matchers with the following matching possibilities. For stubMatchers:

  • byEquality() - the value taken from the response via the provided JSON Path needs to be equal to the provided value in the contract

  • byRegex(…​) - the value taken from the response via the provided JSON Path needs to match the regex

  • byDate() - the value taken from the response via the provided JSON Path needs to match the regex for ISO Date

  • byTimestamp() - the value taken from the response via the provided JSON Path needs to match the regex for ISO DateTime

  • byTime() - the value taken from the response via the provided JSON Path needs to match the regex for ISO Time

For testMatchers:

  • byEquality() - the value taken from the response via the provided JSON Path needs to be equal to the provided value in the contract

  • byRegex(…​) - the value taken from the response via the provided JSON Path needs to match the regex

  • byDate() - the value taken from the response via the provided JSON Path needs to match the regex for ISO Date

  • byTimestamp() - the value taken from the response via the provided JSON Path needs to match the regex for ISO DateTime

  • byTime() - the value taken from the response via the provided JSON Path needs to match the regex for ISO Time

  • byType() - the value taken from the response via the provided JSON Path needs to be of the same type as the type defined in the body of the response in the contract. byType can take a closure where you can set minOccurrence and maxOccurrence. That way you can assert on the size of the collection.

  • byCommand(…​) - the value taken from the response via the provided JSON Path will be passed as an input to the custom method that you’re providing. E.g. byCommand('foo($it)') will result in calling a foo method to which the value matching the JSON Path will get passed.

Let’s take a look at the following example:

Contract contractDsl = Contract.make {
	request {
		method 'GET'
		urlPath '/get'
		body([
				duck: 123,
				alpha: "abc",
				number: 123,
				aBoolean: true,
				date: "2017-01-01",
				dateTime: "2017-01-01T01:23:45",
				time: "01:02:34",
				valueWithoutAMatcher: "foo",
				valueWithTypeMatch: "string"
		])
		stubMatchers {
			jsonPath('$.duck', byRegex("[0-9]{3}"))
			jsonPath('$.duck', byEquality())
			jsonPath('$.alpha', byRegex(onlyAlphaUnicode()))
			jsonPath('$.alpha', byEquality())
			jsonPath('$.number', byRegex(number()))
			jsonPath('$.aBoolean', byRegex(anyBoolean()))
			jsonPath('$.date', byDate())
			jsonPath('$.dateTime', byTimestamp())
			jsonPath('$.time', byTime())
		}
		headers {
			contentType(applicationJson())
		}
	}
	response {
		status 200
		body([
				duck: 123,
				alpha: "abc",
				number: 123,
				aBoolean: true,
				date: "2017-01-01",
				dateTime: "2017-01-01T01:23:45",
				time: "01:02:34",
				valueWithoutAMatcher: "foo",
				valueWithTypeMatch: "string",
				valueWithMin: [
					1,2,3
				],
				valueWithMax: [
					1,2,3
				],
				valueWithMinMax: [
					1,2,3
				],
				valueWithMinEmpty: [],
				valueWithMaxEmpty: [],
		])
		testMatchers {
			// asserts the jsonpath value against manual regex
			jsonPath('$.duck', byRegex("[0-9]{3}"))
			// asserts the jsonpath value against the provided value
			jsonPath('$.duck', byEquality())
			// asserts the jsonpath value against some default regex
			jsonPath('$.alpha', byRegex(onlyAlphaUnicode()))
			jsonPath('$.alpha', byEquality())
			jsonPath('$.number', byRegex(number()))
			jsonPath('$.aBoolean', byRegex(anyBoolean()))
			// asserts vs inbuilt time related regex
			jsonPath('$.date', byDate())
			jsonPath('$.dateTime', byTimestamp())
			jsonPath('$.time', byTime())
			// asserts that the resulting type is the same as in response body
			jsonPath('$.valueWithTypeMatch', byType())
			jsonPath('$.valueWithMin', byType {
				// results in verification of size of array (min 1)
				minOccurrence(1)
			})
			jsonPath('$.valueWithMax', byType {
				// results in verification of size of array (max 3)
				maxOccurrence(3)
			})
			jsonPath('$.valueWithMinMax', byType {
				// results in verification of size of array (min 1 & max 3)
				minOccurrence(1)
				maxOccurrence(3)
			})
			jsonPath('$.valueWithMinEmpty', byType {
				// results in verification of size of array (min 0)
				minOccurrence(0)
			})
			jsonPath('$.valueWithMaxEmpty', byType {
				// results in verification of size of array (max 0)
				maxOccurrence(0)
			})
			// will execute a method `assertThatValueIsANumber`
			jsonPath('$.duck', byCommand('assertThatValueIsANumber($it)'))
		}
		headers {
			contentType(applicationJson())
		}
	}
}

In this example we’re providing the dynamic portions of the contract in the matchers sections. For the request part you can see that for all fields but valueWithoutAMatcher we’re setting explicitly the values of regular expressions we’d like the stub to contain. For the valueWithoutAMatcher the verification will take place in the same way as without the usage of matchers - the test will perform an equality check in this case.

For the response side in the testMatchers section we’re defining all the dynamic parts in a similar manner. The only difference is that we have the byType matchers too. In that case we’re checking 4 fields in the way that we’re verifying whether the response from the test has a value whose JSON path matching the given field is of the same type as the one defined in the response body and:

  • for $.valueWithTypeMatch - we’re just checking the whether the type is the same

  • for $.valueWithMin - we’re checking the type and assert if the size is greater or equal to the min occurrence

  • for $.valueWithMax - we’re checking the type and assert if the size is smaller or equal to the max occurrence

  • for $.valueWithMinMax - we’re checking the type and assert if the size is between the min and max occurrence

The resulting test would look more or less like this (note that we’re separating the autogenerated assertions and the one from matchers with an and section):

// given:
 MockMvcRequestSpecification request = given()
   .header("Content-Type", "application/json")
   .body("{\"duck\":123,\"alpha\":\"abc\",\"number\":123,\"aBoolean\":true,\"date\":\"2017-01-01\",\"dateTime\":\"2017-01-01T01:23:45\",\"time\":\"01:02:34\",\"valueWithoutAMatcher\":\"foo\",\"valueWithTypeMatch\":\"string\"}");

// when:
 ResponseOptions response = given().spec(request)
   .get("/get");

// then:
 assertThat(response.statusCode()).isEqualTo(200);
 assertThat(response.header("Content-Type")).matches("application/json.*");
// and:
 DocumentContext parsedJson = JsonPath.parse(response.getBody().asString());
 assertThatJson(parsedJson).field("valueWithoutAMatcher").isEqualTo("foo");
// and:
 assertThat(parsedJson.read("$.duck", String.class)).matches("[0-9]{3}");
 assertThat(parsedJson.read("$.duck", Integer.class)).isEqualTo(123);
 assertThat(parsedJson.read("$.alpha", String.class)).matches("[\\p{L}]*");
 assertThat(parsedJson.read("$.alpha", String.class)).isEqualTo("abc");
 assertThat(parsedJson.read("$.number", String.class)).matches("-?\\d*(\\.\\d+)?");
 assertThat(parsedJson.read("$.aBoolean", String.class)).matches("(true|false)");
 assertThat(parsedJson.read("$.date", String.class)).matches("(\\d\\d\\d\\d)-(0[1-9]|1[012])-(0[1-9]|[12][0-9]|3[01])");
 assertThat(parsedJson.read("$.dateTime", String.class)).matches("([0-9]{4})-(1[0-2]|0[1-9])-(3[01]|0[1-9]|[12][0-9])T(2[0-3]|[01][0-9]):([0-5][0-9]):([0-5][0-9])");
 assertThat(parsedJson.read("$.time", String.class)).matches("(2[0-3]|[01][0-9]):([0-5][0-9]):([0-5][0-9])");
 assertThat((Object) parsedJson.read("$.valueWithTypeMatch")).isInstanceOf(java.lang.String.class);
 assertThat((Object) parsedJson.read("$.valueWithMin")).isInstanceOf(java.util.List.class);
 assertThat(parsedJson.read("$.valueWithMin", java.util.Collection.class)).hasSizeGreaterThanOrEqualTo(1);
 assertThat((Object) parsedJson.read("$.valueWithMax")).isInstanceOf(java.util.List.class);
 assertThat(parsedJson.read("$.valueWithMax", java.util.Collection.class)).hasSizeLessThanOrEqualTo(3);
 assertThat((Object) parsedJson.read("$.valueWithMinMax")).isInstanceOf(java.util.List.class);
 assertThat(parsedJson.read("$.valueWithMinMax", java.util.Collection.class)).hasSizeBetween(1, 3);
 assertThat((Object) parsedJson.read("$.valueWithMinEmpty")).isInstanceOf(java.util.List.class);
 assertThat(parsedJson.read("$.valueWithMinEmpty", java.util.Collection.class)).hasSizeGreaterThanOrEqualTo(0);
 assertThat((Object) parsedJson.read("$.valueWithMaxEmpty")).isInstanceOf(java.util.List.class);
 assertThat(parsedJson.read("$.valueWithMaxEmpty", java.util.Collection.class)).hasSizeLessThanOrEqualTo(0);
 assertThatValueIsANumber(parsedJson.read("$.duck"));

and the WireMock stub like this:

				'''
{
  "request" : {
    "urlPath" : "/get",
    "method" : "POST",
    "headers" : {
      "Content-Type" : {
        "matches" : "application/json.*"
      }
    },
    "bodyPatterns" : [ {
      "matchesJsonPath" : "$[?(@.valueWithoutAMatcher == 'foo')]"
    }, {
      "matchesJsonPath" : "$[?(@.valueWithTypeMatch == 'string')]"
    }, {
      "matchesJsonPath" : "$.list.some.nested[?(@.anothervalue == 4)]"
    }, {
      "matchesJsonPath" : "$.list.someother.nested[?(@.anothervalue == 4)]"
    }, {
      "matchesJsonPath" : "$.list.someother.nested[?(@.json == 'with value')]"
    }, {
      "matchesJsonPath" : "$[?(@.duck =~ /([0-9]{3})/)]"
    }, {
      "matchesJsonPath" : "$[?(@.duck == 123)]"
    }, {
      "matchesJsonPath" : "$[?(@.alpha =~ /([\\\\p{L}]*)/)]"
    }, {
      "matchesJsonPath" : "$[?(@.alpha == 'abc')]"
    }, {
      "matchesJsonPath" : "$[?(@.number =~ /(-?\\\\d*(\\\\.\\\\d+)?)/)]"
    }, {
      "matchesJsonPath" : "$[?(@.aBoolean =~ /((true|false))/)]"
    }, {
      "matchesJsonPath" : "$[?(@.date =~ /((\\\\d\\\\d\\\\d\\\\d)-(0[1-9]|1[012])-(0[1-9]|[12][0-9]|3[01]))/)]"
    }, {
      "matchesJsonPath" : "$[?(@.dateTime =~ /(([0-9]{4})-(1[0-2]|0[1-9])-(3[01]|0[1-9]|[12][0-9])T(2[0-3]|[01][0-9]):([0-5][0-9]):([0-5][0-9]))/)]"
    }, {
      "matchesJsonPath" : "$[?(@.time =~ /((2[0-3]|[01][0-9]):([0-5][0-9]):([0-5][0-9]))/)]"
    }, {
      "matchesJsonPath" : "$.list.some.nested[?(@.json =~ /(.*)/)]"
    } ]
  },
  "response" : {
    "status" : 200,
    "body" : "{\\"duck\\":123,\\"alpha\\":\\"abc\\",\\"number\\":123,\\"aBoolean\\":true,\\"date\\":\\"2017-01-01\\",\\"dateTime\\":\\"2017-01-01T01:23:45\\",\\"time\\":\\"01:02:34\\",\\"valueWithoutAMatcher\\":\\"foo\\",\\"valueWithTypeMatch\\":\\"string\\",\\"valueWithMin\\":[1,2,3],\\"valueWithMax\\":[1,2,3],\\"valueWithMinMax\\":[1,2,3]}",
    "headers" : {
      "Content-Type" : "application/json"
    }
  }
}
'''

JAX-RS support

We support JAX-RS 2 Client API. Base class needs to define protected WebTarget webTarget and server initialization, right now the only option how to test JAX-RS API is to start a web server.

Request with a body needs to have a content type set otherwise application/octet-stream is going to be used.

In order to use JAX-RS mode, use the following settings:

testMode === 'JAXRSCLIENT'

Example of a test API generated:

'''
 // when:
  Response response = webTarget
    .path("/users")
    .queryParam("limit", "10")
    .queryParam("offset", "20")
    .queryParam("filter", "email")
    .queryParam("sort", "name")
    .queryParam("search", "55")
    .queryParam("age", "99")
    .queryParam("name", "Denis.Stepanov")
    .queryParam("email", "[email protected]")
    .request()
    .method("GET");

  String responseAsString = response.readEntity(String.class);

 // then:
  assertThat(response.getStatus()).isEqualTo(200);
 // and:
  DocumentContext parsedJson = JsonPath.parse(responseAsString);
  assertThatJson(parsedJson).field("property1").isEqualTo("a");
'''

Async support

If you’re using asynchronous communication on the server side (your controllers are returning Callable, DeferredResult etc. then inside your contract you have to provide in the response section a async() method. Example:

org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract.make {
    request {
        method GET()
        url '/get'
    }
    response {
        status 200
        body 'Passed'
        async()
    }
}

Working with Context Paths

Spring Cloud Contract supports context paths.

Important
The only thing that changes in order to fully support context paths is the switch on the PRODUCER side. The autogenerated tests need to be using the EXPLICIT mode.

The consumer side remains untouched, in order for the generated test to pass you have to switch the EXPLICIT mode.

Maven
<plugin>
    <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>${spring-cloud-contract.version}</version>
    <extensions>true</extensions>
    <configuration>
        <testMode>EXPLICIT</testMode>
    </configuration>
</plugin>
Gradle
contracts {
		testMode = 'EXPLICIT'
}

That way you’ll generate a test that DOES NOT use MockMvc. It means that you’re generating real requests and you need to setup your generated test’s base class to work on a real socket.

Let’s imagine the following contract:

org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract.make {
	request {
		method 'GET'
		url '/my-context-path/url'
	}
	response {
		status 200
	}
}

Here is an example of how to set up a base class and Rest Assured for everything to work correctly.

import com.jayway.restassured.RestAssured;
import org.junit.Before;
import org.springframework.boot.context.embedded.LocalServerPort;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;

@SpringBootTest(classes = ContextPathTestingBaseClass.class, webEnvironment = SpringBootTest.WebEnvironment.RANDOM_PORT)
class ContextPathTestingBaseClass {

	@LocalServerPort int port;

	@Before
	public void setup() {
		RestAssured.baseURI = "http://localhost";
		RestAssured.port = this.port;
	}
}

That way all:

  • all your requests in the autogenerated tests will be sent to the real endpoint with your context path included (e.g. /my-context-path/url)

  • your contracts reflect that you have a context path, thus your generated stubs will also have that information (e.g. in the stubs you’ll see that you have too call /my-context-path/url)

Messaging Top-Level Elements

The DSL for messaging looks a little bit different than the one that focuses on HTTP.

Output triggered by a method

The output message can be triggered by calling a method (e.g. a Scheduler was started and a message was sent)

def dsl = Contract.make {
	// Human readable description
	description 'Some description'
	// Label by means of which the output message can be triggered
	label 'some_label'
	// input to the contract
	input {
		// the contract will be triggered by a method
		triggeredBy('bookReturnedTriggered()')
	}
	// output message of the contract
	outputMessage {
		// destination to which the output message will be sent
		sentTo('output')
		// the body of the output message
		body('''{ "bookName" : "foo" }''')
		// the headers of the output message
		headers {
			header('BOOK-NAME', 'foo')
		}
	}
}

In this case the output message will be sent to output if a method called bookReturnedTriggered will be executed. In the message publisher’s side we will generate a test that will call that method to trigger the message. On the consumer side you can use the some_label to trigger the message.

Output triggered by a message

The output message can be triggered by receiving a message.

def dsl = Contract.make {
	description 'Some Description'
	label 'some_label'
	// input is a message
	input {
		// the message was received from this destination
		messageFrom('input')
		// has the following body
		messageBody([
		        bookName: 'foo'
		])
		// and the following headers
		messageHeaders {
			header('sample', 'header')
		}
	}
	outputMessage {
		sentTo('output')
		body([
		        bookName: 'foo'
		])
		headers {
			header('BOOK-NAME', 'foo')
		}
	}
}

In this case the output message will be sent to output if a proper message will be received on the input destination. In the message publisher’s side we will generate a test that will send the input message to the defined destination. On the consumer side you can either send a message to the input destination or use the some_label to trigger the message.

Consumer / Producer

In HTTP you have a notion of client/stub and `server/test notation. You can use them also in messaging but we’re providing also the consumer and produer methods as presented below (note you can use either $ or value methods to provide consumer and producer parts)

Contract.make {
	label 'some_label'
	input {
		messageFrom value(consumer('jms:output'), producer('jms:input'))
		messageBody([
				bookName: 'foo'
		])
		messageHeaders {
			header('sample', 'header')
		}
	}
	outputMessage {
		sentTo $(consumer('jms:input'), producer('jms:output'))
		body([
				bookName: 'foo'
		])
	}
}

Multiple contracts in one file

It’s possible to define multiple contracts in one file. An example of such a contract can look like this

import org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract

[
        Contract.make {
            name("should post a user")
            request {
                method 'POST'
                url('/users/1')
            }
            response {
                status 200
            }
        },
        Contract.make {
            request {
                method 'POST'
                url('/users/2')
            }
            response {
                status 200
            }
        }
]

In this example one contract has the name field and the other doesn’t. This will lead to generation of two tests that will look more or less like this:

package org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.tests.com.hello;

import com.example.TestBase;
import com.jayway.jsonpath.DocumentContext;
import com.jayway.jsonpath.JsonPath;
import com.jayway.restassured.module.mockmvc.specification.MockMvcRequestSpecification;
import com.jayway.restassured.response.ResponseOptions;
import org.junit.Test;

import static com.jayway.restassured.module.mockmvc.RestAssuredMockMvc.*;
import static com.toomuchcoding.jsonassert.JsonAssertion.assertThatJson;
import static org.assertj.core.api.Assertions.assertThat;

public class V1Test extends TestBase {

	@Test
	public void validate_should_post_a_user() throws Exception {
		// given:
			MockMvcRequestSpecification request = given();

		// when:
			ResponseOptions response = given().spec(request)
					.post("/users/1");

		// then:
			assertThat(response.statusCode()).isEqualTo(200);
	}

	@Test
	public void validate_withList_1() throws Exception {
		// given:
			MockMvcRequestSpecification request = given();

		// when:
			ResponseOptions response = given().spec(request)
					.post("/users/2");

		// then:
			assertThat(response.statusCode()).isEqualTo(200);
	}

}

Notice that for the contract that has the name field the generated test method is named validate_should_post_a_user. For the one that doesn’t have the name it’s called validate_withList_1. It corresponds to the name of the file WithList.groovy and the index of the contract in the list.

The generated stubs will look like this

should post a user.json
1_WithList.json

As you can see the first file got the name parameter from the contract. The second got the name of the contract file WithList.groovy prefixed with the index (in this case contract had index 1 in the list of contracts in the file).

Tip
As you can see it’s much better if you name your contracts since then your tests are far more meaningful.

Customization

Extending the DSL

It is possible to provide your own functions to the DSL. The key requirement for this feature was to maintain the static compatibility. Below you will be able to see an example of:

  • creation of a JAR with reusable classes

  • referencing of these classes in the DSLs

The full example can be found here.

Common JAR

Below you can find three classes that we will reuse in the DSLs.

PatternUtils contains functions used by both the consumer and the producer.

package com.example;

import java.util.regex.Pattern;

/**
 * If you want to use [email protected] Pattern} directly in your tests
 * then you can create a class resembling this one. It can
 * contain all the [email protected] Pattern} you want to use in the DSL.
 *
 * <pre>
 * [email protected]
 * request {
 *     body(
 *         [ age: $(c(PatternUtils.oldEnough()))]
 *     )
 * }
 * </pre>
 *
 * Notice that we're using both [email protected] $()} for dynamic values
 * and [email protected] c()} for the consumer side.
 *
 * @author Marcin Grzejszczak
 */
public class PatternUtils {
	public static String tooYoung() {
		return "[0-1][0-9]";
	}

	public static Pattern oldEnough() {
		return Pattern.compile("[2-9][0-9]");
	}

	public static Pattern anyName() {
		return Pattern.compile("[a-zA-Z]+");
	}

	/**
	 * Makes little sense but it's just an example ;)
	 */
	public static Pattern ok() {
		return Pattern.compile("OK");
	}
}

ConsumerUtils contains functions used by the consumer.

package com.example;

import org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.internal.ClientDslProperty;
import org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.internal.DslProperty;

/**
 * DSL Properties passed to the DSL from the consumer's perspective.
 * That means that on the input side [email protected] Request} for HTTP
 * or [email protected] Input} for messaging you can have a regular expression.
 * On the [email protected] Response} for HTTP or [email protected] Output} for messaging
 * you have to have a concrete value.
 *
 * @author Marcin Grzejszczak
 */
public class ConsumerUtils {
	/**
	 * Consumer side property. By using the [email protected] ClientDslProperty}
	 * you can omit most of boilerplate code from the perspective
	 * of dynamic values. Example
	 *
	 * <pre>
	 * [email protected]
	 * request {
	 *     body(
	 *         [ age: $(ConsumerUtils.oldEnough())]
	 *     )
	 * }
	 * </pre>
	 *
	 * That way the consumer side value of age field will be
	 * a regular expression and the producer side will be generated.
	 *
	 * @author Marcin Grzejszczak
	 */
	public static ClientDslProperty oldEnough() {
		return new ClientDslProperty(PatternUtils.oldEnough());
	}

	/**
	 * Consumer side property. By using the [email protected] ClientDslProperty}
	 * you can omit most of boilerplate code from the perspective
	 * of dynamic values. Example
	 *
	 * <pre>
	 * [email protected]
	 * request {
	 *     body(
	 *         [ name: $(ConsumerUtils.anyName())]
	 *     )
	 * }
	 * </pre>
	 *
	 * That way the consumer will be a regular expression and the
	 * producer side value will be equal to [email protected] marcin}
	 */
	public static DslProperty anyName() {
		return new DslProperty<>(PatternUtils.anyName(), "marcin");
	}
}

ProducerUtils contains functions used by the producer.

package com.example;

import org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.internal.ServerDslProperty;

/**
 * DSL Properties passed to the DSL from the producer's perspective.
 * That means that on the input side [email protected] Request} for HTTP
 * or [email protected] Input} for messaging you have to have a concrete value.
 * On the [email protected] Response} for HTTP or [email protected] Output} for messaging
 * you can have a regular expression.
 *
 * @author Marcin Grzejszczak
 */
public class ProducerUtils {

	/**
	 * Producer side property. By using the [email protected] ProducerUtils}
	 * you can omit most of boilerplate code from the perspective
	 * of dynamic values. Example
	 *
	 * <pre>
	 * [email protected]
	 * response {
	 *     body(
	 *         [ status: $(ProducerUtils.ok())]
	 *     )
	 * }
	 * </pre>
	 *
	 * That way the producer side value of age field will be
	 * a regular expression and the consumer side will be generated.
	 */
	public static ServerDslProperty ok() {
		return new ServerDslProperty(PatternUtils.ok());
	}
}
Adding the dependency to project

In order for the plugins and IDE to be able to reference the common JAR classes you need to pass the dependency to your project.

Test dependency in project’s dependencies

First add the common jar dependency as a test dependency. That way since your contracts files are available at test resources path, automatically the common jar classes will be visible in your Groovy files.

Maven
<dependency>
	<groupId>com.example</groupId>
	<artifactId>beer-common</artifactId>
	<version>${project.version}</version>
	<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
Gradle
testCompile("com.example:beer-common:0.0.1-SNAPSHOT")
Test dependency in plugin’s dependencies

Now you have to add the dependency for the plugin to reuse at runtime.

Maven
<plugin>
	<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin</artifactId>
	<version>${spring-cloud-contract.version}</version>
	<extensions>true</extensions>
	<configuration>
		<packageWithBaseClasses>com.example</packageWithBaseClasses>
	</configuration>
	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-verifier</artifactId>
			<version>${spring-cloud-contract.version}</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>com.example</groupId>
			<artifactId>beer-common</artifactId>
			<version>${project.version}</version>
			<scope>compile</scope>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>
</plugin>
Gradle
classpath "com.example:beer-common:0.0.1-SNAPSHOT"
Referencing classes in DSLs

Now you can reference your classes in your DSL. Example:

package contracts.beer.rest

import org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract

import static com.example.ConsumerUtils.oldEnough
import static com.example.ProducerUtils.ok

Contract.make {
	request {
		description("""
Represents a successful scenario of getting a beer

given:
	client is old enough
when:
	he applies for a beer
then:
	we'll grant him the beer
""")
		method 'POST'
		url '/check'
		body(
				age: $(oldEnough())
		)
		headers {
			contentType(applicationJson())
		}
	}
	response {
		status 200
		body("""
			{
				"status": "${value(ok())}"
			}
			""")
		headers {
			contentType(applicationJson())
		}
	}
}

Pluggable architecture

There are cases where you have your contracts defined in other formats like YAML, RAML or PACT. On the other hand you’d like to profit from the test and stubs generation. It’s really easy to add your own implementation of either of those. Also you can customize the way tests are generated (for example you can generate tests for other languages) and you can do the same for stubs generation (you can generate stubs for other stub http server implementations).

Custom contract converter

Let’s assume that your contract is written in a YAML file like this:

request:
  url: /foo
  method: PUT
  headers:
    foo: bar
  body:
    foo: bar
response:
  status: 200
  headers:
    foo2: bar
  body:
    foo2: bar

Thanks to the interface

package org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec

/**
 * Converter to be used to convert FROM [email protected] File} TO [email protected] Contract}
 * and from [email protected] Contract} to [email protected] T}
 *
 * @param <T> - type to which we want to convert the contract
 *
 * @author Marcin Grzejszczak
 * @since 1.1.0
 */
interface ContractConverter<T> {

	/**
	 * Should this file be accepted by the converter. Can use the file extension
	 * to check if the conversion is possible.
	 *
	 * @param file - file to be considered for conversion
	 * @return - [email protected] true} if the given implementation can convert the file
	 */
	boolean isAccepted(File file)

	/**
	 * Converts the given [email protected] File} to its [email protected] Contract} representation
	 *
	 * @param file - file to convert
	 * @return - [email protected] Contract} representation of the file
	 */
	Collection<Contract> convertFrom(File file)

	/**
	 * Converts the given [email protected] Contract} to a [email protected] T} representation
	 *
	 * @param contract - the parsed contract
	 * @return - [email protected] T} the type to which we do the conversion
	 */
	T convertTo(Collection<Contract> contract)
}

you can register your own implementation of a contract structure converter. Your implementation needs to state the condition on which it should start the conversion. Also you have to define how to perform that conversion in both ways.

Important
Once you create your implementation you have to create a /META-INF/spring.factories file in which you provide the fully qualified name of your implementation.

Example of a spring.factories file

# Converters
org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.ContractConverter=\
org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.converter.YamlContractConverter

and the YAML implementation

package org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.converter

import groovy.transform.CompileStatic
import org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract
import org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.ContractConverter
import org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.internal.Headers
import org.yaml.snakeyaml.Yaml

/**
 * Simple converter from and to a [email protected] YamlContract} to a collection of [email protected] Contract}
 */
@CompileStatic
class YamlContractConverter implements ContractConverter<List<YamlContract>> {

	@Override
	public boolean isAccepted(File file) {
		String name = file.getName()
		return name.endsWith(".yml") || name.endsWith(".yaml")
	}

	@Override
	public Collection<Contract> convertFrom(File file) {
		try {
			YamlContract yamlContract = new Yaml().loadAs(new FileInputStream(file), YamlContract.class)
			return [Contract.make {
				request {
					method(yamlContract?.request?.method)
					url(yamlContract?.request?.url)
					headers {
						yamlContract?.request?.headers?.each { String key, Object value ->
							header(key, value)
						}
					}
					body(yamlContract?.request?.body)
				}
				response {
					status(yamlContract?.response?.status)
					headers {
						yamlContract?.response?.headers?.each { String key, Object value ->
							header(key, value)
						}
					}
					body(yamlContract?.response?.body)
				}
			}]
		}
		catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
			throw new IllegalStateException(e)
		}
	}

	@Override
	public List<YamlContract> convertTo(Collection<Contract> contracts) {
		return contracts.collect { Contract contract ->
			YamlContract yamlContract = new YamlContract()
			yamlContract.request.with {
				method = contract?.request?.method?.clientValue
				url = contract?.request?.url?.clientValue
				headers = (contract?.request?.headers as Headers)?.asStubSideMap()
				body = contract?.request?.body?.clientValue as Map
			}
			yamlContract.response.with {
				status = contract?.response?.status?.clientValue as Integer
				headers = (contract?.response?.headers as Headers)?.asStubSideMap()
				body = contract?.response?.body?.clientValue as Map
			}
			return yamlContract
		}
	}
}
Pact converter

Spring Cloud Contract comes with an out of the box support for Pact representation of contracts. In other words instead of using the Groovy DSL you can use Pact files. In this section we will present how to add such a support for your project.

Pact contract

We will be working on the following example of a Pact contract. We’ve placed this file under the src/test/resources/contracts folder.

{
  "provider": {
    "name": "Provider"
  },
  "consumer": {
    "name": "Consumer"
  },
  "interactions": [
    {
      "description": "",
      "request": {
        "method": "PUT",
        "path": "/fraudcheck",
        "headers": {
          "Content-Type": "application/vnd.fraud.v1+json"
        },
        "body": {
          "clientId": "1234567890",
          "loanAmount": 99999
        },
        "matchingRules": {
          "$.body.clientId": {
            "match": "regex",
            "regex": "[0-9]{10}"
          }
        }
      },
      "response": {
        "status": 200,
        "headers": {
          "Content-Type": "application/vnd.fraud.v1+json;charset=UTF-8"
        },
        "body": {
          "fraudCheckStatus": "FRAUD",
          "rejectionReason": "Amount too high"
        },
        "matchingRules": {
          "$.body.fraudCheckStatus": {
            "match": "regex",
            "regex": "FRAUD"
          }
        }
      }
    }
  ],
  "metadata": {
    "pact-specification": {
      "version": "2.0.0"
    },
    "pact-jvm": {
      "version": "2.4.18"
    }
  }
}
Pact for producers

On the producer side you have add to your plugin configuration two additional dependencies. One is the Spring Cloud Contract Pact support and the other represents the current Pact version that you’re using.

Maven
<plugin>
	<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin</artifactId>
	<version>${spring-cloud-contract.version}</version>
	<extensions>true</extensions>
	<configuration>
		<packageWithBaseClasses>com.example.fraud</packageWithBaseClasses>
	</configuration>
	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-spec-pact</artifactId>
			<version>${spring-cloud-contract.version}</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>au.com.dius</groupId>
			<artifactId>pact-jvm-model</artifactId>
			<version>2.4.18</version>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>
</plugin>
Gradle
classpath "org.springframework.cloud:spring-cloud-contract-spec-pact:${findProperty('verifierVersion') ?: verifierVersion}"
classpath 'au.com.dius:pact-jvm-model:2.4.18'

When you execute the build of your application a test, looking more or less like this, will be generated

@Test
public void validate_shouldMarkClientAsFraud() throws Exception {
	// given:
		MockMvcRequestSpecification request = given()
				.header("Content-Type", "application/vnd.fraud.v1+json")
				.body("{\"clientId\":\"1234567890\",\"loanAmount\":99999}");

	// when:
		ResponseOptions response = given().spec(request)
				.put("/fraudcheck");

	// then:
		assertThat(response.statusCode()).isEqualTo(200);
		assertThat(response.header("Content-Type")).isEqualTo("application/vnd.fraud.v1+json;charset=UTF-8");
	// and:
		DocumentContext parsedJson = JsonPath.parse(response.getBody().asString());
		assertThatJson(parsedJson).field("rejectionReason").isEqualTo("Amount too high");
	// and:
		assertThat(parsedJson.read("$.fraudCheckStatus", String.class)).matches("FRAUD");
}

and the stub looking like this

{
  "uuid" : "996ae5ae-6834-4db6-8fac-358ca187ab62",
  "request" : {
    "url" : "/fraudcheck",
    "method" : "PUT",
    "headers" : {
      "Content-Type" : {
        "equalTo" : "application/vnd.fraud.v1+json"
      }
    },
    "bodyPatterns" : [ {
      "matchesJsonPath" : "$[?(@.loanAmount == 99999)]"
    }, {
      "matchesJsonPath" : "$[?(@.clientId =~ /([0-9]{10})/)]"
    } ]
  },
  "response" : {
    "status" : 200,
    "body" : "{\"fraudCheckStatus\":\"FRAUD\",\"rejectionReason\":\"Amount too high\"}",
    "headers" : {
      "Content-Type" : "application/vnd.fraud.v1+json;charset=UTF-8"
    }
  }
}
Pact for consumers

On the producer side you have add to your project dependencies two additional dependencies. One is the Spring Cloud Contract Pact support and the other represents the current Pact version that you’re using.

Maven
<dependency>
	<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-spec-pact</artifactId>
	<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
	<groupId>au.com.dius</groupId>
	<artifactId>pact-jvm-model</artifactId>
	<version>2.4.18</version>
	<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
Gradle
testCompile "org.springframework.cloud:spring-cloud-contract-spec-pact"
testCompile 'au.com.dius:pact-jvm-model:2.4.18'

Custom test generator

If you want to generate tests for different languages than Java or you’re not happy with the way we’re building Java tests for you then you can register your own implementation to do that.

Thanks to the interface

package org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.builder

import org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.config.ContractVerifierConfigProperties
import org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.file.ContractMetadata
/**
 * Builds a single test.
 *
 * @since 1.1.0
 */
interface SingleTestGenerator {

	/**
	 * Creates contents of a single test class in which all test scenarios from
	 * the contract metadata should be placed.
	 *
	 * @param properties - properties passed to the plugin
	 * @param listOfFiles - list of parsed contracts with additional metadata
	 * @param className - the name of the generated test class
	 * @param classPackage - the name of the package in which the test class should be stored
	 * @param includedDirectoryRelativePath - relative path to the included directory
	 * @return contents of a single test class
	 */
	String buildClass(ContractVerifierConfigProperties properties, Collection<ContractMetadata> listOfFiles,
					  String className, String classPackage, String includedDirectoryRelativePath)

	/**
	 * Extension that should be appended to the generated test class. E.g. [email protected] .java} or [email protected] .php}
	 *
	 * @param properties - properties passed to the plugin
	 */
	String fileExtension(ContractVerifierConfigProperties properties)
}

you can register your own implementation that generates a test. Again, it’s enough to provide a proper spring.factories file. Example:

org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.builder.SingleTestGenerator=/
com.example.MyGenerator

Custom stub generator

If you want to generate stubs for other stub server than WireMock it’s enough to plug in your own implementation of this interface:

package org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.converter

import groovy.transform.CompileStatic
import org.springframework.cloud.contract.spec.Contract
import org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.file.ContractMetadata

/**
 * Converts contracts into their stub representation.
 *
 * @since 1.1.0
 */
@CompileStatic
interface StubGenerator {

	/**
	 * Returns [email protected] true} if the converter can handle the file to convert it into a stub.
	 */
	boolean canHandleFileName(String fileName)

	/**
	 * Returns the collection of converted contracts into stubs. One contract can
	 * result in multiple stubs.
	 */
	Map<Contract, String> convertContents(String rootName, ContractMetadata content)

	/**
	 * Returns the name of the converted stub file. If you have multiple contracts
	 * in a single file then a prefix will be added to the generated file. If you
	 * provide the [email protected] Contract#name} field then that field will override the
	 * generated file name.
	 *
	 * Example: name of file with 2 contracts is [email protected] foo.groovy}, it will be
	 * converted by the implementation to [email protected] foo.json}. The recursive file
	 * converter will create two files [email protected] 0_foo.json} and [email protected] 1_foo.json}
	 */
	String generateOutputFileNameForInput(String inputFileName)
}

you can register your own implementation that generate Stubs. Again, it’s enough to provide a proper spring.factories file. Example:

# Stub converters
org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.converter.StubGenerator=\
org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.wiremock.DslToWireMockClientConverter

The default implementation is the WireMock stub generation.

Tip
You can provide multiple stub generator implementations. That way for example from a single DSL as input you can e.g. produce WireMock stubs and Pact files too!

Custom Stub Runner

If you decide to have a custom stub generation you also need a custom way of running stubs with your different stub provider.

Let us assume that you’re using Moco to build your stubs. You wrote a proper stub generator and your stubs got placed in a JAR file.

In order for Stub Runner to know how to run your stubs you have to define a custom HTTP Stub server implementation. It can look like this:

package org.springframework.cloud.contract.stubrunner.provider.moco

import com.github.dreamhead.moco.bootstrap.arg.HttpArgs
import com.github.dreamhead.moco.runner.JsonRunner
import org.springframework.cloud.contract.stubrunner.HttpServerStub
import org.springframework.util.SocketUtils

class MocoHttpServerStub implements HttpServerStub {

	private boolean started
	private JsonRunner runner
	private int port

	@Override
	int port() {
		if (!isRunning()) {
			return -1
		}
		return port
	}

	@Override
	boolean isRunning() {
		return started
	}

	@Override
	HttpServerStub start() {
		return start(SocketUtils.findAvailableTcpPort())
	}

	@Override
	HttpServerStub start(int port) {
		this.port = port
		return this
	}

	@Override
	HttpServerStub stop() {
		if (!isRunning()) {
			return this
		}
		this.runner.stop()
		return this
	}

	@Override
	HttpServerStub registerMappings(Collection<File> stubFiles) {
		List<InputStream> streams = stubFiles.collect { it.newInputStream() }
		this.runner = JsonRunner.newJsonRunnerWithStreams(streams,
				HttpArgs.httpArgs().withPort(this.port).build())
		this.runner.run()
		this.started = true
		return this
	}

	@Override
	boolean isAccepted(File file) {
		return file.name.endsWith(".json")
	}
}

and just register it in your spring.factories file

# Example of a custom HTTP Server Stub
org.springframework.cloud.contract.stubrunner.HttpServerStub=\
org.springframework.cloud.contract.stubrunner.provider.moco.MocoHttpServerStub

that way you’ll be able to run stubs using Moco.

Important
If you don’t provide any implementation then the default one - WireMock based will be picked. If you provide more than one then the first one on the list will be picked.

Custom Stub Downloader

You can customize the way your stubs are downloaded. If you don’t want to download the JARs from Nexus / Artifactory in the way we do by default you can set your own implementation. Below you can find an example of a Stub Downloader Provider that takes json files from the test resources from classpath, copies them to a temp file and then passes that temporary folder as a root for the stubs.

package org.springframework.cloud.contract.stubrunner.provider.moco

import org.springframework.cloud.contract.stubrunner.StubConfiguration
import org.springframework.cloud.contract.stubrunner.StubDownloader
import org.springframework.cloud.contract.stubrunner.StubDownloaderBuilder
import org.springframework.cloud.contract.stubrunner.StubRunnerOptions
import org.springframework.core.io.DefaultResourceLoader
import org.springframework.core.io.Resource
import org.springframework.core.io.support.PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver

import java.nio.file.Files

/**
 * Poor man's version of taking stubs from classpath. It needs much more
 * love and attention to go to the main sources.
 *
 * @author Marcin Grzejszczak
 */
class ClasspathStubProvider implements StubDownloaderBuilder {

	private static final int TEMP_DIR_ATTEMPTS = 10000

	@Override
	public StubDownloader build(StubRunnerOptions stubRunnerOptions) {
		final StubConfiguration configuration = stubRunnerOptions.getDependencies().first()
		PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver resolver = new PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver(
				new DefaultResourceLoader())
		try {
			String rootFolder = repoRoot(stubRunnerOptions) ?: "**/" + separatedArtifact(configuration) + "/**/*.json"
			Resource[] resources = resolver.getResources(rootFolder)
			final File tmp = createTempDir()
			tmp.deleteOnExit()
			// you'd have to write an impl to maintain the folder structure
			// this is just for demo
			resources.each { Resource resource ->
				Files.copy(resource.getInputStream(), new File(tmp, resource.getFile().getName()).toPath())
			}
			return new StubDownloader() {
				@Override
				public Map.Entry<StubConfiguration, File> downloadAndUnpackStubJar(
						StubConfiguration stubConfiguration) {
					return new AbstractMap.SimpleEntry(configuration, tmp)
				}
			}
		} catch (IOException e) {
			throw new IllegalStateException(e)
		}
	}

	private String repoRoot(StubRunnerOptions stubRunnerOptions) {
		switch (stubRunnerOptions.stubRepositoryRoot) {
			case { !it }:
				return ""
			case { String root -> root.endsWith("**/*.json") }:
				return stubRunnerOptions.stubRepositoryRoot
			default:
				return stubRunnerOptions.stubRepositoryRoot + "/**/*.json"
		}
	}

	private String separatedArtifact(StubConfiguration configuration) {
		return configuration.getGroupId().replace(".", File.separator) +
				File.separator + configuration.getArtifactId()
	}

	// Taken from Guava
	private File createTempDir() {
		File baseDir = new File(System.getProperty("java.io.tmpdir"))
		String baseName = System.currentTimeMillis() + "-"
		for (int counter = 0; counter < TEMP_DIR_ATTEMPTS; counter++) {
			File tempDir = new File(baseDir, baseName + counter)
			if (tempDir.mkdir()) {
				return tempDir
			}
		}
		throw new IllegalStateException(
				"Failed to create directory within " + TEMP_DIR_ATTEMPTS + " attempts (tried " + baseName + "0 to " + baseName + (
						TEMP_DIR_ATTEMPTS - 1) + ")")
	}
}

and just register it in your spring.factories file

# Example of a custom Stub Downloader Provider
org.springframework.cloud.contract.stubrunner.StubDownloaderBuilder=\
org.springframework.cloud.contract.stubrunner.provider.moco.ClasspathStubProvider

that way you’ll be able to pick a folder with the source of your stubs.

Important
If you don’t provide any implementation then the default one - Aether based that will download stubs from a remote repo will be picked. If you provide more than one then the first one on the list will be picked.