58. Integrations

58.1 Runnable and Callable

If you’re wrapping your logic in Runnable or Callable it’s enough to wrap those classes in their Sleuth representative.

Example for Runnable:

Runnable runnable = new Runnable() {
	@Override
	public void run() {
		// do some work
	}

	@Override
	public String toString() {
		return "spanNameFromToStringMethod";
	}
};
// Manual `TraceRunnable` creation with explicit "calculateTax" Span name
Runnable traceRunnable = new TraceRunnable(tracer, spanNamer, runnable, "calculateTax");
// Wrapping `Runnable` with `Tracer`. The Span name will be taken either from the
// `@SpanName` annotation or from `toString` method
Runnable traceRunnableFromTracer = tracer.wrap(runnable);

Example for Callable:

Callable<String> callable = new Callable<String>() {
	@Override
	public String call() throws Exception {
		return someLogic();
	}

	@Override
	public String toString() {
		return "spanNameFromToStringMethod";
	}
};
// Manual `TraceCallable` creation with explicit "calculateTax" Span name
Callable<String> traceCallable = new TraceCallable<>(tracer, spanNamer, callable, "calculateTax");
// Wrapping `Callable` with `Tracer`. The Span name will be taken either from the
// `@SpanName` annotation or from `toString` method
Callable<String> traceCallableFromTracer = tracer.wrap(callable);

That way you will ensure that a new Span is created and closed for each execution.

58.2 Hystrix

58.2.1 Custom Concurrency Strategy

We’re registering a custom HystrixConcurrencyStrategy that wraps all Callable instances into their Sleuth representative - the TraceCallable. The strategy either starts or continues a span depending on the fact whether tracing was already going on before the Hystrix command was called. To disable the custom Hystrix Concurrency Strategy set the spring.sleuth.hystrix.strategy.enabled to false.

58.2.2 Manual Command setting

Assuming that you have the following HystrixCommand:

HystrixCommand<String> hystrixCommand = new HystrixCommand<String>(setter) {
	@Override
	protected String run() throws Exception {
		return someLogic();
	}
};

In order to pass the tracing information you have to wrap the same logic in the Sleuth version of the HystrixCommand which is the TraceCommand:

TraceCommand<String> traceCommand = new TraceCommand<String>(tracer, traceKeys, setter) {
	@Override
	public String doRun() throws Exception {
		return someLogic();
	}
};

58.3 RxJava

We’re registering a custom RxJavaSchedulersHook that wraps all Action0 instances into their Sleuth representative - the TraceAction. The hook either starts or continues a span depending on the fact whether tracing was already going on before the Action was scheduled. To disable the custom RxJavaSchedulersHook set the spring.sleuth.rxjava.schedulers.hook.enabled to false.

You can define a list of regular expressions for thread names, for which you don’t want a Span to be created. Just provide a comma separated list of regular expressions in the spring.sleuth.rxjava.schedulers.ignoredthreads property.

58.4 HTTP integration

Features from this section can be disabled by providing the spring.sleuth.web.enabled property with value equal to false.

58.4.1 HTTP Filter

Via the TraceFilter all sampled incoming requests result in creation of a Span. That Span’s name is http: + the path to which the request was sent. E.g. if the request was sent to /foo/bar then the name will be http:/foo/bar. You can configure which URIs you would like to skip via the spring.sleuth.web.skipPattern property. If you have ManagementServerProperties on classpath then its value of contextPath gets appended to the provided skip pattern.

58.4.2 HandlerInterceptor

Since we want the span names to be precise we’re using a TraceHandlerInterceptor that either wraps an existing HandlerInterceptor or is added directly to the list of existing HandlerInterceptors. The TraceHandlerInterceptor adds a special request attribute to the given HttpServletRequest. If the the TraceFilter doesn’t see this attribute set it will create a "fallback" span which is an additional span created on the server side so that the trace is presented properly in the UI. Seeing that most likely signifies that there is a missing instrumentation. In that case please file an issue in Spring Cloud Sleuth.

58.4.3 Async Servlet support

If your controller returns a Callable or a WebAsyncTask Spring Cloud Sleuth will continue the existing span instead of creating a new one.

58.5 HTTP client integration

58.5.1 Synchronous Rest Template

We’re injecting a RestTemplate interceptor that ensures that all the tracing information is passed to the requests. Each time a call is made a new Span is created. It gets closed upon receiving the response. In order to block the synchronous RestTemplate features just set spring.sleuth.web.client.enabled to false.

[Important]Important

You have to register RestTemplate as a bean so that the interceptors will get injected. If you create a RestTemplate instance with a new keyword then the instrumentation WILL NOT work.

58.5.2 Asynchronous Rest Template

[Important]Important

A traced version of an AsyncRestTemplate bean is registered for you out of the box. If you have your own bean you have to wrap it in a TraceAsyncRestTemplate representation. The best solution is to only customize the ClientHttpRequestFactory and / or AsyncClientHttpRequestFactory. If you have your own AsyncRestTemplate and you don’t wrap it your calls WILL NOT GET TRACED.

Custom instrumentation is set to create and close Spans upon sending and receiving requests. You can customize the ClientHttpRequestFactory and the AsyncClientHttpRequestFactory by registering your beans. Remember to use tracing compatible implementations (e.g. don’t forget to wrap ThreadPoolTaskScheduler in a TraceAsyncListenableTaskExecutor). Example of custom request factories:

@EnableAutoConfiguration
@Configuration
public static class TestConfiguration {

	@Bean
	ClientHttpRequestFactory mySyncClientFactory() {
		return new MySyncClientHttpRequestFactory();
	}

	@Bean
	AsyncClientHttpRequestFactory myAsyncClientFactory() {
		return new MyAsyncClientHttpRequestFactory();
	}
}

To block the AsyncRestTemplate features set spring.sleuth.web.async.client.enabled to false. To disable creation of the default TraceAsyncClientHttpRequestFactoryWrapper set spring.sleuth.web.async.client.factory.enabled to false. If you don’t want to create AsyncRestClient at all set spring.sleuth.web.async.client.template.enabled to false.

Multiple Asynchronous Rest Templates

Sometimes you need to use multiple implementations of Asynchronous Rest Template. In the following snippet you can see an example of how to set up such a custom AsyncRestTemplate.

@Configuration
@EnableAutoConfiguration
static class Config {
	@Autowired Tracer tracer;
	@Autowired HttpTraceKeysInjector httpTraceKeysInjector;
	@Autowired HttpSpanInjector spanInjector;

	@Bean(name = "customAsyncRestTemplate")
	public AsyncRestTemplate traceAsyncRestTemplate(@Qualifier("customHttpRequestFactoryWrapper")
			TraceAsyncClientHttpRequestFactoryWrapper wrapper, ErrorParser errorParser) {
		return new TraceAsyncRestTemplate(wrapper, this.tracer, errorParser);
	}

	@Bean(name = "customHttpRequestFactoryWrapper")
	public TraceAsyncClientHttpRequestFactoryWrapper traceAsyncClientHttpRequestFactory() {
		return new TraceAsyncClientHttpRequestFactoryWrapper(this.tracer,
				this.spanInjector,
				asyncClientFactory(),
				clientHttpRequestFactory(),
				this.httpTraceKeysInjector);
	}

	private ClientHttpRequestFactory clientHttpRequestFactory() {
		ClientHttpRequestFactory clientHttpRequestFactory = new CustomClientHttpRequestFactory();
		//CUSTOMIZE HERE
		return clientHttpRequestFactory;
	}

	private AsyncClientHttpRequestFactory asyncClientFactory() {
		AsyncClientHttpRequestFactory factory = new CustomAsyncClientHttpRequestFactory();
		//CUSTOMIZE HERE
		return factory;
	}
}

58.5.3 Traverson

If you’re using the Traverson library it’s enough for you to inject a RestTemplate as a bean into your Traverson object. Since RestTemplate is already intercepted, you will get full support of tracing in your client. Below you can find a pseudo code of how to do that:

@Autowired RestTemplate restTemplate;

Traverson traverson = new Traverson(URI.create("http://some/address"),
    MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON, MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_UTF8).setRestOperations(restTemplate);
// use Traverson

58.6 Feign

By default Spring Cloud Sleuth provides integration with feign via the TraceFeignClientAutoConfiguration. You can disable it entirely by setting spring.sleuth.feign.enabled to false. If you do so then no Feign related instrumentation will take place.

Part of Feign instrumentation is done via a FeignBeanPostProcessor. You can disable it by providing the spring.sleuth.feign.processor.enabled equal to false. If you set it like this then Spring Cloud Sleuth will not instrument any of your custom Feign components. All the default instrumentation however will be still there.

58.7 Asynchronous communication

58.7.1 @Async annotated methods

In Spring Cloud Sleuth we’re instrumenting async related components so that the tracing information is passed between threads. You can disable this behaviour by setting the value of spring.sleuth.async.enabled to false.

If you annotate your method with @Async then we’ll automatically create a new Span with the following characteristics:

  • if the method is annotated with @SpanName then the value of the annotation will be the Span’s name
  • if the method is not annotated with @SpanName the Span name will be the annotated method name
  • the Span will be tagged with that method’s class name and the method name too

58.7.2 @Scheduled annotated methods

In Spring Cloud Sleuth we’re instrumenting scheduled method execution so that the tracing information is passed between threads. You can disable this behaviour by setting the value of spring.sleuth.scheduled.enabled to false.

If you annotate your method with @Scheduled then we’ll automatically create a new Span with the following characteristics:

  • the Span name will be the annotated method name
  • the Span will be tagged with that method’s class name and the method name too

If you want to skip Span creation for some @Scheduled annotated classes you can set the spring.sleuth.scheduled.skipPattern with a regular expression that will match the fully qualified name of the @Scheduled annotated class.

[Tip]Tip

If you are using spring-cloud-sleuth-stream and spring-cloud-netflix-hystrix-stream together, Span will be created for each Hystrix metrics and sent to Zipkin. This may be annoying. You can prevent this by setting spring.sleuth.scheduled.skipPattern=org.springframework.cloud.netflix.hystrix.stream.HystrixStreamTask

58.7.3 Executor, ExecutorService and ScheduledExecutorService

We’re providing LazyTraceExecutor, TraceableExecutorService and TraceableScheduledExecutorService. Those implementations are creating Spans each time a new task is submitted, invoked or scheduled.

Here you can see an example of how to pass tracing information with TraceableExecutorService when working with CompletableFuture:

CompletableFuture<Long> completableFuture = CompletableFuture.supplyAsync(() -> {
	// perform some logic
	return 1_000_000L;
}, new TraceableExecutorService(executorService,
		// 'calculateTax' explicitly names the span - this param is optional
		tracer, traceKeys, spanNamer, "calculateTax"));
[Important]Important

Sleuth doesn’t work with parallelStream() out of the box. If you want to have the tracing information propagated through the stream you have to use the approach with supplyAsync(…​) as presented above.

Customization of Executors

Sometimes you need to set up a custom instance of the AsyncExecutor. In the following snippet you can see an example of how to set up such a custom Executor.

@Configuration
@EnableAutoConfiguration
@EnableAsync
static class CustomExecutorConfig extends AsyncConfigurerSupport {

	@Autowired BeanFactory beanFactory;

	@Override public Executor getAsyncExecutor() {
		ThreadPoolTaskExecutor executor = new ThreadPoolTaskExecutor();
		// CUSTOMIZE HERE
		executor.setCorePoolSize(7);
		executor.setMaxPoolSize(42);
		executor.setQueueCapacity(11);
		executor.setThreadNamePrefix("MyExecutor-");
		// DON'T FORGET TO INITIALIZE
		executor.initialize();
		return new LazyTraceExecutor(this.beanFactory, executor);
	}
}

58.8 Messaging

Spring Cloud Sleuth integrates with Spring Integration. It creates spans for publish and subscribe events. To disable Spring Integration instrumentation, set spring.sleuth.integration.enabled to false.

You can provide the spring.sleuth.integration.patterns pattern to explicitly provide the names of channels that you want to include for tracing. By default all channels are included.

[Important]Important

When using the Executor to build a Spring Integration IntegrationFlow remember to use the untraced version of the Executor. Decorating Spring Integration Executor Channel with TraceableExecutorService will cause the spans to be improperly closed.

58.9 Zuul

We’re registering Zuul filters to propagate the tracing information (the request header is enriched with tracing data). To disable Zuul support set the spring.sleuth.zuul.enabled property to false.