83. Spring Cloud Contract Verifier Setup

You can set up Spring Cloud Contract Verifier in either of two ways

83.1 Gradle Project

To learn how to set up the Gradle project for Spring Cloud Contract Verifier, read the following sections:

83.1.1 Prerequisites

In order to use Spring Cloud Contract Verifier with WireMock, you muse use either a Gradle or a Maven plugin.

[Warning]Warning

If you want to use Spock in your projects, you must add separately the spock-core and spock-spring modules. Check Spock docs for more information

83.1.2 Add Gradle Plugin with Dependencies

To add a Gradle plugin with dependencies, use code similar to this:

buildscript {
	repositories {
		mavenCentral()
	}
	dependencies {
	    classpath "org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-gradle-plugin:${springboot_version}"
		classpath "org.springframework.cloud:spring-cloud-contract-gradle-plugin:${verifier_version}"
	}
}

apply plugin: 'groovy'
apply plugin: 'spring-cloud-contract'

dependencyManagement {
	imports {
		mavenBom "org.springframework.cloud:spring-cloud-contract-dependencies:${verifier_version}"
	}
}

dependencies {
	testCompile 'org.codehaus.groovy:groovy-all:2.4.6'
	// example with adding Spock core and Spock Spring
	testCompile 'org.spockframework:spock-core:1.0-groovy-2.4'
	testCompile 'org.spockframework:spock-spring:1.0-groovy-2.4'
	testCompile 'org.springframework.cloud:spring-cloud-starter-contract-verifier'
}

83.1.3 Gradle and Rest Assured 2.0

By default, Rest Assured 3.x is added to the classpath. However, to use Rest Assured 2.x you can add it to the plugins classpath, as shown here:

buildscript {
	repositories {
		mavenCentral()
	}
	dependencies {
	    classpath "org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-gradle-plugin:${springboot_version}"
		classpath "org.springframework.cloud:spring-cloud-contract-gradle-plugin:${verifier_version}"
		classpath "com.jayway.restassured:rest-assured:2.5.0"
		classpath "com.jayway.restassured:spring-mock-mvc:2.5.0"
	}
}

depenendencies {
    // all dependencies
    // you can exclude rest-assured from spring-cloud-contract-verifier
    testCompile "com.jayway.restassured:rest-assured:2.5.0"
    testCompile "com.jayway.restassured:spring-mock-mvc:2.5.0"
}

That way, the plugin automatically sees that Rest Assured 2.x is present on the classpath and modifies the imports accordingly.

83.1.4 Snapshot Versions for Gradle

Add the additional snapshot repository to your build.gradle to use snapshot versions, which are automatically uploaded after every successful build, as shown here:

buildscript {
	repositories {
		mavenCentral()
		mavenLocal()
		maven { url "http://repo.spring.io/snapshot" }
		maven { url "http://repo.spring.io/milestone" }
		maven { url "http://repo.spring.io/release" }
	}
}

83.1.5 Add stubs

By default, Spring Cloud Contract Verifier is looking for stubs in the src/test/resources/contracts directory.

The directory containing stub definitions is treated as a class name, and each stub definition is treated as a single test. Spring Cloud Contract Verifier assumes that it contains at least one level of directories that are to be used as the test class name. If more than one level of nested directories is present, all except the last one is used as the package name. For example, with following structure:

src/test/resources/contracts/myservice/shouldCreateUser.groovy
src/test/resources/contracts/myservice/shouldReturnUser.groovy

Spring Cloud Contract Verifier creates a test class named defaultBasePackage.MyService with two methods:

  • shouldCreateUser()
  • shouldReturnUser()

83.1.6 Run the Plugin

The plugin registers itself to be invoked before a check task. If you want it to be part of your build process, you need to do nothing more. If you just want to generate tests, invoke the generateContractTests task.

83.1.7 Default Setup

The default Gradle Plugin setup creates the following Gradle part of the build (in pseudocode):

contracts {
    targetFramework = 'JUNIT'
    testMode = 'MockMvc'
    generatedTestSourcesDir = project.file("${project.buildDir}/generated-test-sources/contracts")
    contractsDslDir = "${project.rootDir}/src/test/resources/contracts"
    basePackageForTests = 'org.springframework.cloud.verifier.tests'
    stubsOutputDir = project.file("${project.buildDir}/stubs")

    // the following properties are used when you want to provide where the JAR with contract lays
    contractDependency {
        stringNotation = ''
    }
    contractsPath = ''
    contractsWorkOffline = false
    contractRepository {
        cacheDownloadedContracts(true)
    }
}

tasks.create(type: Jar, name: 'verifierStubsJar', dependsOn: 'generateClientStubs') {
    baseName = project.name
    classifier = contracts.stubsSuffix
    from contractVerifier.stubsOutputDir
}

project.artifacts {
    archives task
}

tasks.create(type: Copy, name: 'copyContracts') {
    from contracts.contractsDslDir
    into contracts.stubsOutputDir
}

verifierStubsJar.dependsOn 'copyContracts'

publishing {
    publications {
        stubs(MavenPublication) {
            artifactId project.name
            artifact verifierStubsJar
        }
    }
}

83.1.8 Configure Plugin

To change the default configuration, add a contracts snippet to your Gradle config, as shown here:

contracts {
	testMode = 'MockMvc'
	baseClassForTests = 'org.mycompany.tests'
	generatedTestSourcesDir = project.file('src/generatedContract')
}

83.1.9 Configuration Options

  • testMode: Defines the mode for acceptance tests. By default, the mode is MockMvc, which is based on Spring’s MockMvc. It can also be changed to JaxRsClient or to Explicit for real HTTP calls.
  • imports: Creates an array with imports that should be included in generated tests (for example ['org.myorg.Matchers']). By default, it creates an empty array.
  • staticImports: Creates an array with static imports that should be included in generated tests(for example ['org.myorg.Matchers.*']). By default, it creates an empty array.
  • basePackageForTests: Specifies the base package for all generated tests. If not set, the value is picked from baseClassForTests’s package and from `packageWithBaseClasses. If neither of these values are set, then the value is set to org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.tests.
  • baseClassForTests: Creates a base class for all generated tests. By default, if you use Spock classes, the class is spock.lang.Specification.
  • packageWithBaseClasses: Defines a package where all the base classes reside. This setting takes precedence over baseClassForTests.
  • baseClassMappings: Explicitly maps a contract package to a FQN of a base class. This setting takes precedence over packageWithBaseClasses and baseClassForTests.
  • ruleClassForTests: Specifies a rule that should be added to the generated test classes.
  • ignoredFiles: Uses an Antmatcher to allow defining stub files for which processing should be skipped. By default, it is an empty array.
  • contractsDslDir: Specifies the directory containing contracts written using the GroovyDSL. By default, its value is $rootDir/src/test/resources/contracts.
  • generatedTestSourcesDir: Specifies the test source directory where tests generated from the Groovy DSL should be placed. By default its value is $buildDir/generated-test-sources/contractVerifier.
  • stubsOutputDir: Specifies the directory where the generated WireMock stubs from the Groovy DSL should be placed.
  • targetFramework: Specifies the target test framework to be used. Currently, Spock and JUnit are supported with JUnit being the default framework.

The following properties are used when you want to specify the location of the JAR containing the contracts: * contractDependency: Specifies the Dependency that provides groupid:artifactid:version:classifier coordinates. You can use the contractDependency closure to set it up. * contractsPath: Specifies the path to the jar. If contract dependencies are downloaded, the path defaults to groupid/artifactid where groupid is slash separated. Otherwise, it scans contracts under the provided directory. * contractsWorkOffline: Specifies whether to download the dependencies each time, so that you can work online. In other words, it specifies whether to reuses the local Maven repo.

83.1.10 Single Base Class for All Tests

When using Spring Cloud Contract Verifier in default MockMvc, you need to create a base specification for all generated acceptance tests. In this class, you need to point to an endpoint, which should be verified.

abstract class BaseMockMvcSpec extends Specification {

	def setup() {
		RestAssuredMockMvc.standaloneSetup(new PairIdController())
	}

	void isProperCorrelationId(Integer correlationId) {
		assert correlationId == 123456
	}

	void isEmpty(String value) {
		assert value == null
	}

}

If you use Explicit mode, you can use a base class to initialize the whole tested app as you might see in regular integration tests. If you use the JAXRSCLIENT mode, this base class should also contain a protected WebTarget webTarget field. Right now, the only option to test the JAX-RS API is to start a web server.

83.1.11 Different Base Classes for Contracts

If your base classes differ between contracts, you can tell the Spring Cloud Contract plugin which class should get extended by the autogenerated tests. You have two options:

  • Follow a convention by providing the packageWithBaseClasses
  • Provide explicit mapping via baseClassMappings

By Convention

The convention is such that if you have a contract under (for example) src/test/resources/contract/foo/bar/baz/ and set the value of the packageWithBaseClasses property to com.example.base, then Spring Cloud Contract Verifier assumes that there is a BarBazBase class under the com.example.base package. In other words, the system takes the last two parts of the package, if they exist, and forms a class with a Base suffix. This rule takes precedence over baseClassForTests. Here is an example of how it works in the contracts closure:

packageWithBaseClasses = 'com.example.base'

By Mapping

You can manually map a regular expression of the contract’s package to fully qualified name of the base class for the matched contract. You have to provide a list called baseClassMappings that consists baseClassMapping objects that takes a contractPackageRegex to baseClassFQN mapping. Consider the following example:

baseClassForTests = "com.example.FooBase"
baseClassMappings {
	baseClassMapping('.*/com/.*', 'com.example.ComBase')
	baseClassMapping('.*/bar/.*':'com.example.BarBase')
}

Let’s assume that you have contracts under - src/test/resources/contract/com/ - src/test/resources/contract/foo/

By providing the baseClassForTests, we have a fallback in case mapping did not succeed. (You could also provide the packageWithBaseClasses as a fallback.) That way, the tests generated from src/test/resources/contract/com/ contracts extend the com.example.ComBase, whereas the rest of the tests extend com.example.FooBase.

83.1.12 Invoking Generated Tests

To ensure that the provider side is compliant with defined contracts, you need to invoke:

./gradlew generateContractTests test

83.1.13 Spring Cloud Contract Verifier on the Consumer Side

In a consuming service, you need to configure the Spring Cloud Contract Verifier plugin in exactly the same way as in case of provider. If you do not want to use Stub Runner then you need to copy contracts stored in src/test/resources/contracts and generate WireMock JSON stubs using:

./gradlew generateClientStubs
[Note]Note

The stubsOutputDir option has to be set for stub generation to work.

When present, JSON stubs can be used in automated tests of consuming a service.

@ContextConfiguration(loader == SpringApplicationContextLoader, classes == Application)
class LoanApplicationServiceSpec extends Specification {

 @ClassRule
 @Shared
 WireMockClassRule wireMockRule == new WireMockClassRule()

 @Autowired
 LoanApplicationService sut

 def 'should successfully apply for loan'() {
   given:
 	LoanApplication application =
			new LoanApplication(client: new Client(clientPesel: '12345678901'), amount: 123.123)
   when:
	LoanApplicationResult loanApplication == sut.loanApplication(application)
   then:
	loanApplication.loanApplicationStatus == LoanApplicationStatus.LOAN_APPLIED
	loanApplication.rejectionReason == null
 }
}

LoanApplication makes a call to FraudDetection service. This request is handled by a WireMock server configured with stubs generated by Spring Cloud Contract Verifier.

83.2 Maven Project

To learn how to set up the Maven project for Spring Cloud Contract Verifier, read the following sections:

83.2.1 Add maven plugin

Add the Spring Cloud Contract BOM in a fashion similar to this:

<dependencyManagement>
	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-cloud-dependencies</artifactId>
			<version>${spring-cloud-dependencies.version}</version>
			<type>pom</type>
			<scope>import</scope>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>

Next, add the Spring Cloud Contract Verifier Maven plugin:

<plugin>
	<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin</artifactId>
	<version>${spring-cloud-contract.version}</version>
	<extensions>true</extensions>
	<configuration>
		<packageWithBaseClasses>com.example.fraud</packageWithBaseClasses>
	</configuration>
</plugin>

You can read more in the Spring Cloud Contract Maven Plugin Documentation.

83.2.2 Maven and Rest Assured 2.0

By default, Rest Assured 3.x is added to the classpath. However, you can use Rest Assured 2.x by adding it to the plugins classpath, as shown here:

<plugin>
    <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>${spring-cloud-contract.version}</version>
    <extensions>true</extensions>
    <configuration>
        <packageWithBaseClasses>com.example</packageWithBaseClasses>
    </configuration>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-verifier</artifactId>
            <version>${spring-cloud-contract.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
           <groupId>com.jayway.restassured</groupId>
           <artifactId>rest-assured</artifactId>
           <version>2.5.0</version>
           <scope>compile</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
           <groupId>com.jayway.restassured</groupId>
           <artifactId>spring-mock-mvc</artifactId>
           <version>2.5.0</version>
           <scope>compile</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</plugin>

<dependencies>
    <!-- all dependencies -->
    <!-- you can exclude rest-assured from spring-cloud-contract-verifier -->
    <dependency>
       <groupId>com.jayway.restassured</groupId>
       <artifactId>rest-assured</artifactId>
       <version>2.5.0</version>
       <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
       <groupId>com.jayway.restassured</groupId>
       <artifactId>spring-mock-mvc</artifactId>
       <version>2.5.0</version>
       <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

That way, the plugin automatically sees that Rest Assured 3.x is present on the classpath and modifies the imports accordingly.

83.2.3 Snapshot versions for Maven

For Snapshot and Milestone versions, you have to add the following section to your pom.xml, as shown here:

<repositories>
	<repository>
		<id>spring-snapshots</id>
		<name>Spring Snapshots</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/snapshot</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>true</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</repository>
	<repository>
		<id>spring-milestones</id>
		<name>Spring Milestones</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/milestone</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>false</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</repository>
	<repository>
		<id>spring-releases</id>
		<name>Spring Releases</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/release</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>false</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</repository>
</repositories>
<pluginRepositories>
	<pluginRepository>
		<id>spring-snapshots</id>
		<name>Spring Snapshots</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/snapshot</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>true</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</pluginRepository>
	<pluginRepository>
		<id>spring-milestones</id>
		<name>Spring Milestones</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/milestone</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>false</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</pluginRepository>
	<pluginRepository>
		<id>spring-releases</id>
		<name>Spring Releases</name>
		<url>https://repo.spring.io/release</url>
		<snapshots>
			<enabled>false</enabled>
		</snapshots>
	</pluginRepository>
</pluginRepositories>

83.2.4 Add stubs

By default, Spring Cloud Contract Verifier is looking for stubs in the src/test/resources/contracts directory. The directory containing stub definitions is treated as a class name, and each stub definition is treated as a single test. We assume that it contains at least one directory to be used as test class name. If there is more than one level of nested directories, all except the last one is used as package name. For example, with following structure:

src/test/resources/contracts/myservice/shouldCreateUser.groovy
src/test/resources/contracts/myservice/shouldReturnUser.groovy

Spring Cloud Contract Verifier creates a test class named defaultBasePackage.MyService with two methods

  • shouldCreateUser()
  • shouldReturnUser()

83.2.5 Run plugin

The plugin goal generateTests is assigned to be invoked in the phase called generate-test-sources. If you want it to be part of your build process, you need not do anything. If you just want to generate tests, invoke the generateTests goal.

83.2.6 Configure plugin

To change the default configuration, just add a configuration section to the plugin definition or the execution definition, as shown here:

<plugin>
    <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin</artifactId>
    <executions>
        <execution>
            <goals>
                <goal>convert</goal>
                <goal>generateStubs</goal>
                <goal>generateTests</goal>
            </goals>
        </execution>
    </executions>
    <configuration>
        <basePackageForTests>org.springframework.cloud.verifier.twitter.place</basePackageForTests>
        <baseClassForTests>org.springframework.cloud.verifier.twitter.place.BaseMockMvcSpec</baseClassForTests>
    </configuration>
</plugin>

83.2.7 Configuration Options

  • testMode: Defines the mode for acceptance tests. By default, the mode is MockMvc, which is based on Spring’s MockMvc. It can also be changed to JaxRsClient or to Explicit for real HTTP calls.
  • basePackageForTests: Specifies the base package for all generated tests. If not set, the value is picked from baseClassForTests’s package and from `packageWithBaseClasses. If neither of these values are set, then the value is set to org.springframework.cloud.contract.verifier.tests.
  • ruleClassForTests: Specifies a rule that should be added to the generated test classes.
  • baseClassForTests: Creates a base class for all generated tests. By default, if you use Spock classes, the class is spock.lang.Specification.
  • contractsDirectory: Specifies a directory containing contracts written with the GroovyDSL. The default directory is /src/test/resources/contracts.
  • testFramework: Specifies the target test framework to be used. Currently, Spock and JUnit are supported with JUnit being the default framework
  • packageWithBaseClasses: Defines a package where all the base classes reside. This setting takes precedence over baseClassForTests. The convention is such that, if you have a contract under (for example) src/test/resources/contract/foo/bar/baz/ and set the value of the packageWithBaseClasses property to com.example.base, then Spring Cloud Contract Verifier assumes that there is a BarBazBase class under the com.example.base package. In other words, the system takes the last two parts of the package, if they exist, and forms a class with a Base suffix.
  • baseClassMappings: Specifies a list of base class mappings that provide contractPackageRegex, which is checked against the package where the contract is located, and baseClassFQN, which maps to the fully qualified name of the base class for the matched contract. For example, if you have a contract under src/test/resources/contract/foo/bar/baz/ and map the property .* → com.example.base.BaseClass, then the test class generated from these contracts extends com.example.base.BaseClass. This setting takes precedence over packageWithBaseClasses and baseClassForTests.

If you want to download your contract definitions from a Maven repository, you can use the following options:

  • contractDependency: The contract dependency that contains all the packaged contracts.
  • contractsPath: The path to the concrete contracts in the JAR with packaged contracts. Defaults to groupid/artifactid where gropuid is slash separated.
  • contractsWorkOffline: Dictates whether the dependencies should be downloaded or the local Maven artifacts should be reused.
  • contractsRepositoryUrl: DEPRECATED PROPERTY - please use the contractRepository closure: URL to a repo with the artifacts that have contracts. If it is not provided, use the current Maven ones.
  • contractRepository - Lets you use a closure where you can define properties related to repository with contracts.
  • username: The user name to be used to connect to the repo.
  • password: The password to be used to connect to the repo.
  • proxyHost: The proxy host to be used to connect to the repo.
  • proxyPort: The proxy port to be used to connect to the repo.
  • cacheDownloadedContracts - Specifies whether to reuse downloaded JARs that contain contract definitions.

We cache only non-snapshot, explicitly provided versions (for example + or 1.0.0.BUILD-SNAPSHOT won’t get cached). By default, this feature is turned on.

83.2.8 Single Base Class for All Tests

When using Spring Cloud Contract Verifier in default MockMvc, you need to create a base specification for all generated acceptance tests. In this class, you need to point to an endpoint, which should be verified.

package org.mycompany.tests

import org.mycompany.ExampleSpringController
import com.jayway.restassured.module.mockmvc.RestAssuredMockMvc
import spock.lang.Specification

class  MvcSpec extends Specification {
  def setup() {
   RestAssuredMockMvc.standaloneSetup(new ExampleSpringController())
  }
}

If you use Explicit mode, you can use a base class to initialize the whole tested app similarly, as you might find in regular integration tests. If you use the JAXRSCLIENT mode, this base class should also contain a protected WebTarget webTarget field. Right now, the only option to test the JAX-RS API is to start a web server.

83.2.9 Different base classes for contracts

If your base classes differ between contracts, you can tell the Spring Cloud Contract plugin which class should get extended by the autogenerated tests. You have two options:

  • Follow a convention by providing the packageWithBaseClasses
  • provide explicit mapping via baseClassMappings

By Convention

The convention is such that if you have a contract under (for example) src/test/resources/contract/foo/bar/baz/ and set the value of the packageWithBaseClasses property to com.example.base, then Spring Cloud Contract Verifier assumes that there is a BarBazBase class under the com.example.base package. In other words, the system takes the last two parts of the package, if they exist, and forms a class with a Base suffix. This rule takes precedence over baseClassForTests. Here is an example of how it works in the contracts closure:

<plugin>
	<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin</artifactId>
	<configuration>
		<packageWithBaseClasses>hello</packageWithBaseClasses>
	</configuration>
</plugin>

By Mapping

You can manually map a regular expression of the contract’s package to fully qualified name of the base class for the matched contract. You have to provide a list called baseClassMappings that consists baseClassMapping objects that takes a contractPackageRegex to baseClassFQN mapping. Consider the following example:

<plugin>
	<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin</artifactId>
	<configuration>
		<baseClassForTests>com.example.FooBase</baseClassForTests>
		<baseClassMappings>
			<baseClassMapping>
				<contractPackageRegex>.*com.*</contractPackageRegex>
				<baseClassFQN>com.example.TestBase</baseClassFQN>
			</baseClassMapping>
		</baseClassMappings>
	</configuration>
</plugin>

Assume that you have contracts under these two locations: * src/test/resources/contract/com/ * src/test/resources/contract/foo/

By providing the baseClassForTests, we have a fallback in case mapping did not succeed. (You can also provide the packageWithBaseClasses as a fallback.) That way, the tests generated from src/test/resources/contract/com/ contracts extend the com.example.ComBase, whereas the rest of the tests extend com.example.FooBase.

83.2.10 Invoking generated tests

The Spring Cloud Contract Maven Plugin generates verification code in a directory called /generated-test-sources/contractVerifier and attaches this directory to testCompile goal.

For Groovy Spock code, use the following:

<plugin>
	<groupId>org.codehaus.gmavenplus</groupId>
	<artifactId>gmavenplus-plugin</artifactId>
	<version>1.5</version>
	<executions>
		<execution>
			<goals>
				<goal>testCompile</goal>
			</goals>
		</execution>
	</executions>
	<configuration>
		<testSources>
			<testSource>
				<directory>${project.basedir}/src/test/groovy</directory>
				<includes>
					<include>**/*.groovy</include>
				</includes>
			</testSource>
			<testSource>
				<directory>${project.build.directory}/generated-test-sources/contractVerifier</directory>
				<includes>
					<include>**/*.groovy</include>
				</includes>
			</testSource>
		</testSources>
	</configuration>
</plugin>

To ensure that provider side is compliant with defined contracts, you need to invoke mvn generateTest test.

83.2.11 Maven Plugin and STS

If you see the following exception while using STS:

STS Exception

When you click on the error marker you should see something like this:

 plugin:1.1.0.M1:convert:default-convert:process-test-resources) org.apache.maven.plugin.PluginExecutionException: Execution default-convert of goal org.springframework.cloud:spring-
 cloud-contract-maven-plugin:1.1.0.M1:convert failed. at org.apache.maven.plugin.DefaultBuildPluginManager.executeMojo(DefaultBuildPluginManager.java:145) at
 org.eclipse.m2e.core.internal.embedder.MavenImpl.execute(MavenImpl.java:331) at org.eclipse.m2e.core.internal.embedder.MavenImpl$11.call(MavenImpl.java:1362) at
...
 org.eclipse.core.internal.jobs.Worker.run(Worker.java:55) Caused by: java.lang.NullPointerException at
 org.eclipse.m2e.core.internal.builder.plexusbuildapi.EclipseIncrementalBuildContext.hasDelta(EclipseIncrementalBuildContext.java:53) at
 org.sonatype.plexus.build.incremental.ThreadBuildContext.hasDelta(ThreadBuildContext.java:59) at

In order to fix this issue, provide the following section in your pom.xml:

<build>
    <pluginManagement>
        <plugins>
            <!--This plugin's configuration is used to store Eclipse m2e settings
                only. It has no influence on the Maven build itself. -->
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.eclipse.m2e</groupId>
                <artifactId>lifecycle-mapping</artifactId>
                <version>1.0.0</version>
                <configuration>
                    <lifecycleMappingMetadata>
                        <pluginExecutions>
                             <pluginExecution>
                                <pluginExecutionFilter>
                                    <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
                                    <artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin</artifactId>
                                    <versionRange>[1.0,)</versionRange>
                                    <goals>
                                        <goal>convert</goal>
                                    </goals>
                                </pluginExecutionFilter>
                                <action>
                                    <execute />
                                </action>
                             </pluginExecution>
                        </pluginExecutions>
                    </lifecycleMappingMetadata>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </pluginManagement>
</build>

83.2.12 Spring Cloud Contract Verifier on the Consumer Side

You can also use the Spring Cloud Contract Verifier for the consumer side. To do so, use the plugin so that it only converts the contracts and generates the stubs. To achieve that, you need to configure Spring Cloud Contract Verifier plugin in exactly the same way as you would for a provider. You need to copy contracts stored in src/test/resources/contracts and generate WireMock JSON stubs using the mvn generateStubs command. By default, the generated WireMock mapping is stored in a directory named target/mappings. From these generated mappings, your project should create additional artifacts with a classifier of stubs for easy deployment to the maven repository.

Here is a sample configuration:

<plugin>
    <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-cloud-contract-maven-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>${verifier-plugin.version}</version>
    <executions>
        <execution>
            <goals>
                <goal>convert</goal>
                <goal>generateStubs</goal>
            </goals>
        </execution>
    </executions>
</plugin>

When present, JSON stubs can be used in consumer automated tests, as shown here:

@RunWith(SpringTestRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
@AutoConfigureStubRunner
public class LoanApplicationServiceTests {

  @Autowired
  LoanApplicationService service;

  @Test
  public void shouldSuccessfullyApplyForLoan() {
    //given:
 	LoanApplication application =
			new LoanApplication(new Client("12345678901"), 123.123);
    //when:
	LoanApplicationResult loanApplication = service.loanApplication(application);
    // then:
	assertThat(loanApplication.loanApplicationStatus).isEqualTo(LoanApplicationStatus.LOAN_APPLIED);
	assertThat(loanApplication.rejectionReason).isNull();
  }
}

LoanApplication makes a call to the FraudDetection service. This request is handled by a WireMock server configured with stubs generated by the Spring Cloud Contract Verifier.

83.3 Stubs and Transitive Dependencies

The Maven and Gradle plugin that add the tasks that create the stubs jar for you. One problem that arises is that, when reusing the stubs, you can mistakenly import all of that stub’s dependencies. When building a Maven artifact, even though you have a couple of different jars, all of them share one pom:

├── github-webhook-0.0.1.BUILD-20160903.075506-1-stubs.jar
├── github-webhook-0.0.1.BUILD-20160903.075506-1-stubs.jar.sha1
├── github-webhook-0.0.1.BUILD-20160903.075655-2-stubs.jar
├── github-webhook-0.0.1.BUILD-20160903.075655-2-stubs.jar.sha1
├── github-webhook-0.0.1.BUILD-SNAPSHOT.jar
├── github-webhook-0.0.1.BUILD-SNAPSHOT.pom
├── github-webhook-0.0.1.BUILD-SNAPSHOT-stubs.jar
├── ...
└── ...

There are three possibilities of working with those dependencies so as not to have any issues with transitive dependencies:

  • Mark all application dependencies as optional
  • Create a separate artifactid for the stubs
  • Exclude dependencies on the consumer side

Mark all application dependencies as optional

If, in the github-webhook application, you mark all of your dependencies as optional, when you include the github-webhook stubs in another application (or when that dependency gets downloaded by Stub Runner) then, since all of the dependencies are optional, they will not get downloaded.

Create a separate artifactid for the stubs

If you create a separate artifactid, then you can set it up in whatever way you wish. For example, you might decide to have no dependencies at all.

Exclude dependencies on the consumer side

As a consumer, if you add the stub dependency to your classpath, you can explicitly exclude the unwanted dependencies.

83.4 Scenarios

You can handle scenarios with Spring Cloud Contract Verifier. All you need to do is to stick to the proper naming convention while creating your contracts. The convention requires including an order number followed by an underscore, as shown in this example:

my_contracts_dir\
  scenario1\
    1_login.groovy
    2_showCart.groovy
    3_logout.groovy

Such a tree causes Spring Cloud Contract Verifier to generate WireMock’s scenario with a name of scenario1 and the three following steps:

  1. login marked as Started pointing to…​
  2. showCart marked as Step1 pointing to…​
  3. logout marked as Step2 which will close the scenario.

More details about WireMock scenarios can be found at http://wiremock.org/stateful-behaviour.html

Spring Cloud Contract Verifier also generates tests with a guaranteed order of execution.