127. Standalone Web Applications

The spring-cloud-function-web module has autoconfiguration that activates when it is included in a Spring Boot web application (with MVC support). There is also a spring-cloud-starter-function-web to collect all the optional dependnecies in case you just want a simple getting started experience.

With the web configurations activated your app will have an MVC endpoint (on "/" by default, but configurable with spring.cloud.function.web.path) that can be used to access the functions in the application context. The supported content types are plain text and JSON.

MethodPathRequestResponseStatus

GET

/{supplier}

-

Items from the named supplier

200 OK

POST

/{consumer}

JSON object or text

Mirrors input and pushes request body into consumer

202 Accepted

POST

/{consumer}

JSON array or text with new lines

Mirrors input and pushes body into consumer one by one

202 Accepted

POST

/{function}

JSON object or text

The result of applying the named function

200 OK

POST

/{function}

JSON array or text with new lines

The result of applying the named function

200 OK

GET

/{function}/{item}

-

Convert the item into an object and return the result of applying the function

200 OK

As the table above shows the behaviour of the endpoint depends on the method and also the type of incoming request data. When the incoming data is single valued, and the target function is declared as obviously single valued (i.e. not returning a collection or Flux), then the response will also contain a single value. For multi-valued responses the client can ask for a server-sent event stream by sending `Accept: text/event-stream". If there is only one function (consumer etc.) then the name in the path is optional. Composite functions can be addressed using pipes or commas to separate function names (pipes are legal in URL paths, but a bit awkward to type on the command line).

Functions and consumers that are declared with input and output in Message<?> will see the request headers on the input messages, and the output message headers will be converted to HTTP headers.

When POSTing text the response format might be different with Spring Boot 2.0 and older versions, depending on the content negotiation (provide content type and accpt headers for the best results).